Ancient History & Civilisation

Caesar's Civil War: 49-44 BC: 45 BC-44 BC

Caesar's Civil War: 49-44 BC: 45 BC-44 BC

Julius Caesar and Pompey the Great were two of the greatest generals Rome had ever produced. Together they had brought vast stretches of territory under Roman dominion. In 49 BC they turned against each other and plunged Rome into civil war. Legion was pitched against legion in a vicious battle for political domination of the vast Roman world. Based on original sources, Adrian Goldsworthy provides a gripping account of this desperate power struggle. The armies were evenly matched but in the end Caesar's genius as a commander and his great good luck brought him victory in 45 BC.

Introduction: The Roman Republic and its growing problems


Chapter 1. Background to war: The First Triumvirate

Chapter 2. Warring sides: Legion against legion

Chapter 3. Outbreak: Crossing the Rubicon

Chapter 4. The fighting: Civil War

Chapter 5. Portrait of a soldier: Caesar’s centurions

Chapter 6. The world around war: A Mediterranean war

Chapter 7. Portrait of a civilian: Cicero and the Civil War

Chapter 8. How the war ended: The Ides of March

Chapter 9. Conclusion and consequences: Civil wars and the end of the Republic


Further reading

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