Biographies & Memoirs

Selected Bibliography


Angle, Paul M. “The Record of a Friendship—A Series of Letters from Lincoln to Henry E. Dummer.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 31 (June 1938): 125–37.

Appleby, Joyce. “New Cultural Heroes in the Early National Period.” In The Culture of the Market: Historical Essays, edited by Thomas L. Haskell and Richard F. Teich-graeber III. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Atkinson, Betty J. “Some Thoughts on Nancy Hanks.” Lincoln Herald 73 (Fall 1971): 127–37.

Barbee, David Rankin. “President Lincoln and Doctor Gurley.” The Abraham Lincoln Quarterly 5, no. 1 (March 1948): 5.

Brown, Caroline Owsley. “Springfield Society Before the Civil War.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 15: 477–500.

Burnitt, Muriel, ed. “Two Manuscripts of Gideon Welles.” The New England Quarterly 11, no. 3 (September 1938): 576–605.

Congleton, Betty Carolyn. “George D. Prentice: Nineteenth Century Southern Editor.” Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 65 (April 1967): 94–119.

Conkling, Clinton L. “How Mr. Lincoln Received the News of His First Nomination.” Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society 14 (1909): 63–66.

Detweiler, Philip F. “The Changing Reputation of the Declaration of Independence: The First Fifty Years.” The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Series 19, no. 4 (October 1962): 557–74.

Douglas, Stephen. “The Dividing Line Between Federal and Local Authority: Popular Sovereignty in the Territories.” Harper’s Magazine 14 (September 1859): 519– 37.

Eckley, Robert S. For the People: A Newsletter of the Abraham Lincoln Association 4, nos. 3, 2, and 8 (Autumn 2002).

——“Leonard Swett: Lincoln’s Legacy to the Chicago Bar.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 92, no. 1 (Spring 1999): 30–43.

Elizor, Daniel. “The Constitution, the Union, and the Liberties of the People.” Pub-lius: The Journal of Federalism 8, no. 3 (Summer 1978): 141–75.

Ewing, Thomas. “Lincoln and the General Land Office, 1849.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 25 (October 1932): 139–52.

Futrell, Roger H. “Zachariah Riney: Lincoln’s First Schoolmaster.” Lincoln Herald 74 (Fall 1972): 136–42.

“General M. C. Meigs on the Civil War.” The American Historical Review 26, no. 2 (January 1921): 285–303.

Gienapp, William E. “Abraham Lincoln and the Border States.” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 13 (1992): 1–46.

——“‘Politics Seem to Enter into Everything’: Political Culture in the North, 1840–1860,” in Essays on American Antebellum Politics, 1840–1860, edited by Stephen E. Maizlish and John J. Kushma. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1982.

Grimsley, Elizabeth Todd. “Six Months in the White House.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 19, nos. 3–4 (October 1926–January 1927): 43–73.

Hagan, Richard S. “What a Pleasant Home Abe Lincoln Has.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 48, no. 1 (Spring 1955): 5–27.

Hamand, Lavern M. “Lincoln’s Particular Friend,” in Essays in Illinois History, edited by Donald F. Tingley. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1968, 18–36.

Harkness, David J. “Lincoln and Byron: Lovers of Liberty.” Lincoln Herald (December 1941): 2–13.

Harris, Sheldon H. “Abraham Lincoln Stumps a Yankee Audience.” New England Quarterly 38 (June 1865): 227–33.

Hart, Richard E. “Lincoln’s Springfield: The Public Square (1823–1865).” Springfield, Ill.: Elijah Hess House Foundation, 2004, 1–34.

Havlik, Robert J. “Abraham Lincoln and the Reverend James Smith: Lincoln’s Presbyterian Experience in Springfield.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 92, no. 3 (Autumn 1999): 222–37.

[Hawthorne, Nathaniel]. “Chiefly About War Matters, by a Peaceable Man.” Atlantic Monthly 10, no. 57 (July 1862): 43–61.

Heathcote, Charles William. “Early Lincolns in Pennsylvania.” Lincoln Herald (February 1944): 18–19.

Hickey, James. “The Lincoln’s Globe Tavern: A Study in Tracing the History of a Nineteenth Century Building.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 56 (Winter 1963): 629–53.

Hoogenboom, Ari. “Gustavus Fox and the Relief of Fort Sumter. ” Civil War History 9 (December 1963): 383–98.

Hyman, Harold M. “Abraham Lincoln, Legal Positivism, and Constitutional History.” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 13 (1992): 1–11.

Laslett, Barbara. “The Family as a Public and Private Institution: An Historical Perspective.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 35 (August 1973): 480–92.

McCormick, Richard P. “New Perspectives on Jacksonian Politics.” American Historical Review 65 (1960): 288–301.

——. “Was There a ‘Whig Strategy’ in 1836?” Journal of Early Republic 4 (Spring 1984): 47–70.

Meigs, M. C. “The Relations of President Lincoln and Secretary Stanton to the Military Commanders in the Civil War.” American Historical Review 26, no. 2 (January 1921): 285–303.

Menz, Katherine B. Historic Furnishings Report: The Lincoln Home (U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Harpers Ferry Center, 1983), 5–43.

Morsman, Jenry. “Collision of Interests: The Effie Afton, the Rock Island Bridge, and the Making of America.” Common-Place 6, no. 4 (July 2006): 1–12.

Neeley, Mark E., Jr. “Lincoln’s Lyceum Speech and the Origins of a Modern Myth.” Lincoln Lore, nos. 1776–77 (1987): 1–4.

Nicolay, Helen. “The Education of an Historian.” The Abraham Lincoln Quarterly 2, no. 3 (September 1944): 107–37.

Pratt, Harry E. “Abraham Lincoln’s First Murder Trial.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 37 (September 1944): 242–49.

——. “Lincoln and the Black Hawk War.” Bulletin of the Abraham Lincoln Association, no. 54 (December 1938): 3–13.

——. “Lincoln Pilots the Talisman.” The Abraham Lincoln Quarterly 2 (September 1943): 319–29.

Purvis, Thomas L. “The Making of a Myth: Abraham Lincoln’s Family Background in the Perspective of Jacksonian Politics.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 75 (Summer 1982): 148–60.

Robertson, James I. “Revelry and Religion in Frontier Kentucky.” Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 79 (Autumn 1981): 354–68.

Schurz, Carl. “Reminiscences of a Long Life.” McClure’s Magazine 28 (January 1907): 408–23.

Schwartz, Earl. “ A Poor Hand to Quote Scripture’: Lincoln and Genesis 3:19.” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 23, no. 2 (2002): 37–49.

Schwartz, Thomas. “An Egregious Political Blunder: Justin Butterfield, Lincoln, and Illinois Whiggery. ” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association Papers 8 (1986): 9–19.

——. “The Springfield Lyceums and Lincoln’s 1838 Speech.” Illinois Historical Journal83, no. 1 (1990): 45–49.

Shaw, James. “A Neglected Episode in the Life of Abraham Lincoln.” Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society 29 (1922): 5–58.

Simon, John Y. “Union County in 1858 and the Lincoln-Douglas Debate.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 62 (Autumn 1969): 267–92.

Snay, Mitchell. “Abraham Lincoln, Owen Lovejoy, and the Emergence of the Republican Party in Illinois.” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 22, no. 1 (2001): 83–99.

Strouse, Jean. “Semi-Private Lives,” in Studies in Biography, edited by Daniel Aaron. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1978.

Sturtevant, Julian M. “The Lessons of Our National Conflict.” New Englander 19 (October 1861): 894–913.

Swett, Leonard Herbert. “A Memorial of Leonard Swett.” Transactions, McLean County Historical Society 2: 5–78.

Temple, Wayne C. “Mrs. Frances Wallace Describes Lincoln’s Wedding,” edited by Wayne C. Temple. Harrogate, Tenn.: Lincoln Memorial University, 1960.

Thomas, Benjamin. “Lincoln the Postmaster.” Bulletin of the Abraham Lincoln Association, no. 31 (June 1933): 3–9.

Trefousse, Hans. “The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War: A Reassessment.” Civil War History 10 (March 1964): 5–19.

Van Deusen, Glyndon G. “The Whig Party,” in History of US Political Parties, Vol. I, edited by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. New York: Chelsea House, 1973, 333–493.

Vorenberg, Michael. “Abraham Lincoln and the Politics of Black Colonization.” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 14 (Summer 1993): 23-45.

Washington, Patricia. “Discontent in Frontier Kentucky.” Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 65 (April 1967): 77–93.

Weik, Jesse W. “Lincoln’s Vote for Vice-President in the Philadelphia Convention of 1856.” Century Magazine 76 (June 1908): 186–89.

White, Horace. “Abraham Lincoln in 1854.” Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society 1908, no. 13 (1909): 25–47.

Wilentz, Sean. “Society, Politics, and the Market Revolution, 1815–1848,” in The New American History, edited by Eric Foner. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1990, 51–72.

Williams, Mentor L. “The Chicago River and Harbor Convention, 1847.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 35, no. 4 (March 1949): 607–26.

Wilson, Douglas. “The Unfinished Text of the Lincoln-Douglas Debates.” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 15, no. 1 (Winter 1994): 70–84.

Wilson, James F. “Some Memories of Lincoln.” North American Review 163 (December 1896): 667–75.

Winger, Stewart. “Lincoln’s Economics and the American Dream: A Reappraisal.” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 22, no. 1 (2001): 51–80.

——. ‘To the Latest Generations’: Lincoln’s Use of Time, History, and the End of Time in Historical Context.” Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association 23, no. 2 (2002): 19–36.

Zarefsky, David. “Lincoln’s 1862 Annual Message: A Paradigm of Rhetorical Leadership.” Rhetoric and Public Affairs 3, no. 1 (2000): 5–14.


Adams, Charles Francis. Charles Francis Adams by His Son, Charles Francis Adams.

Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1900.

——. Charles Francis Adams, 1835–1915: An Autobiography. Boston: Houghton Mifflin and Company, 1916.

——. Richard Henry Dana: A Biography. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1890.

Adams, Henry. The Great Secession Winter of 1860–61. Edited by George Hochfield. New York: A. S. Barnes, 1963.

Allen, John W. Legends and Lore of Southern Illinois. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1963.

Altschuler, Glenn C, and Stuart M. Blumin. Rude Republic: Americans and Their Politics in the Nineteenth Century. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Ambrose, Stephen E. Halleck: Lincoln’s Chief of Staff. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1962.

Anderson, Virginia DeJohn. New England’s Generation: The Great Migration and the Formation of Society and Culture in the Seventeenth Century. Cambridge, England, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Angle, Paul M. “Here I Have Lived”: A History of Lincoln’s Springfield, 1821–1865. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1935.

——. Lincoln 1854–1861. Springfield, Ill.: The Abraham Lincoln Association, 1933.

——. One Hundred Years of Law: An Account of the Law Office Which John T. Stuart Founded in Springfield, Illinois, a Century Ago. Springfield, Ill.: Brown, Hay and Stephens, 1928.

Appleby, Joyce Oldham. Inheriting the Revolution: The First Generation of Americans. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000.

Arnold, Isaac Newton. The History of Abraham Lincoln and the Overthrow of Slavery. Chicago: Clarke and Company, 1866.

——. The Life of Abraham Lincoln. Chicago: Jansen, McClurg, and Company, 1884. Reminiscences of the Illinois Bar Forty Years Ago: Lincoln and Douglas as Orators and Lawyers. Chicago: Fergus Printing Company, 1881.

Baber, Adin. A. Lincoln with Compass and Chain. Kansas, Ill.: Privately Printed, 1968.

Baker, Jean H. Affairs of Party: The Political Culture of Northern Democrats in the Mid-Nineteenth Century. New York: Fordham University Press, 1998.

——. James Buchanan. New York: Times Books, 2004.

——. Mary Todd Lincoln: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1987.

——. “Not Much of Me”: Abraham Lincoln as a Typical American. Fort Wayne, Ind.: Lincoln Library and Museum, 1988.

——. Baringer, William E. A House Dividing: Lincoln as President Elect. Springfield, Ill.: The Abraham Lincoln Association, 1945.

——. Lincolns Rise to Power. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1937.

——. Lincoln’s Vandalia: A Pioneer Portrait. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1949.

Bartlett, Irving H. Calhoun: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton and Company 1993.

Barton, William E. The Lineage of Lincoln. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1929.

——. President Lincoln. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1933.

——. The Women Lincoln Loved. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1927.

Bates, David Homer. Lincoln in the Telegraph Office: Recollections of the United States Military Corps During the Civil War. New York: The Century Company, 1907.

Baxter, Maurice G. Henry Clay and the American System. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1995.

Belz, Herman. Abraham Lincoln, Constitutionalism, and Equal Rights in the Civil War Era. New York: Fordham University Press, 1998.

——. Lincoln and the Constitution: The Dictatorship Question Reconsidered. Fort Wayne, Ind.: Louis A. Warren Library and Museum, 1984.

Bennett, James O’donnell. Joseph Medill. Chicago: Reprinted from Chicago Tribune, 1947.

Berry, Stephen. House of Abraham: Lincoln and the Todds, a Family Divided by War.

Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2007.

Beveridge, Albert J. Abraham Lincoln 1809–1858. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1928.

Blair, Harry C, and Rebecca Tarshis. The Life of Colonel Edward D. Baker, Lincoln’s Constant Ally, Together with Four of His Great Orations. Portland: Oregon Historical Society, 1960.

Blasingame, John W., et al., eds. The Frederick Douglass Papers. 5 vols. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1979–92.

Blight, David W. Frederick Douglass’ Civil War: Keeping Faith in Jubilee. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989.

Bogue, Allan G. The Congressman’s Civil War. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Boles, John B. The Great Revival, 1787–1805: The Origins of the Southern Evangelical Mind. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1972.

——. Religion in Antebellum Kentucky. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1976.

Boman, Dennis K. Lincoln’s Resolute Unionist: Hamilton Gamble. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2006.

Bonham, Jeriah. Fifty Years’ Recollections: With Observations and Reflections on Historical Events, Giving Sketches on Eminent Citizens—Their Lives and Public Service. Peoria, Ill.: J. W. Franks and Sons, 1883.

Boritt, Gabor S. Lincoln and the Economics of the American Dream. Memphis, Tenn.: Memphis State University Press, 1978.

——, ed. The Lincoln Enigma: The Changing Faces of an American Icon. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

——, ed. Lincoln’s Generals. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Bradley, Erwin Stanley. Simon Cameron: Lincoln’s Secretary of War. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1966.

Briggs, Harold E., and Ernestine B. Briggs. Nancy Hanks Lincoln: A Frontier Portrait. New York: Bookman Associates, 1952.

Brooks, Noah. Lincoln Observed: Civil War Dispatches of Noah Brooks. Edited by Michael Burlingame. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.

——. Washington in Lincoln’s Time. New York: The Century Company, 1895.

Brown, Francis. Raymond of the Times. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1951.

Brown, William Burlie. The People’s Choice: The Presidential Image in the Campaign Biography. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1960.

Browne, Francis F. The Every-day Life of Abraham Lincoln: A Narrative and Descriptive Biography. Chicago: Browne and Howell Company, 1913.

Bruce, Robert V. Lincoln and the Tools of War. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1956.

Bryant, William Cullen. Prose Writings of William Cullen Bryant, vol. 2.

Edited by Parke Godwin. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1884.

Buchanan, James. The Works of James Buchanan, vol. 11.

Edited by John Bassett Moore. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1910.

Buley, R. Carlyle. The Old Northwest: Pioneer Period 1815–1840. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1950.

Burns, Jeremiah. The Patriot’s Offering. New York: Baker and Godwin, 1862.

Busey, Samuel C. Personal Reminiscences and Recollections. Washington, D.C. [Philadelphia: Dornan, printer], 1895.

Butler, Benjamin F. Butler’s Book. Boston: A. M. Thayer, 1892.

Cadwallader, Sylvanus. Three Years with Grant. Edited by Benjamin P. Thomas. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1955.

Calhoun, John C. The Papers of John C. Calhoun. Edited by Clyde N. Wilson and Shirley Bright Cook. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1959, 2003.

Carman, Harry J., and Reinhard H. Luthin. Lincoln and the Patronage. New York: Columbia University Press, 1943.

Carpenter, Francis Bicknell. Six Months at the White House with Abraham Lincoln: The Story of a Picture. New York: Hurd and Houghton, 1866.

Cartwright, Peter. Autobiography of Peter Cartwright: The Backwoods Preacher. Edited by W. P. Strickland. New York: Carlton and Porter, 1856.

Carwardine, Richard J. Evangelicals and Politics in Antebellum America. New Haven Conn.: Yale University Press, 1993.

——. Lincoln: A Life of Purpose and Power. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2006.

Channing, Steven A. Kentucky: A Bicentennial History. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1977.

Charnwood, Lord. Abraham Lincoln. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1917.

Chicago Bar Association. Chicago Bar Association Lectures. Chicago: Fergus Printing Company, 1882.

Clarke, James Freeman. Anti-slavery Days: A Sketch of the Struggle Which Ended in the Abolition of Slavery in the United States. New York: R. Worthington, 1884.

Cleaves, Freeman. Meade of Gettysburg. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press 1960.

Clinton, Catherine. Mrs. Lincoln: A Life. New York: Harper, 2009.

Cole, Arthur Charles. The Era of the Civil War, 1848–1870. Chicago: A. C. McClurg and Company, 1922.

Coleman, Charles H. Abraham Lincoln and Coles County, Illinois. New Brunswick N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1955.

Colfax, Schuyler. Life and Principles of Abraham Lincoln, Delivered in the Court House Square, at South Bend. Philadelphia: James B. Rodgers, 1865.

——. The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. 9 vols. Edited by Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1953–55; and Supplement, 1832–1865, 2 vols. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1974.

——. Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln. 10 vols. Edited by John G. Nicolay and John Hay. New York: Francis D. Tandy Company, 1905.

——. Confidential Correspondence of Gustavus Vasa Fox. Edited by Robert Means Thompson and Richard Wainwright. Freeport, N.Y.: Books for Libraries Press, 1972.

Conkin, Paul. Cane Ridge: America’s Pentecost. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1991.

Conway, James. America’s Library: The Story of the Library of Congress, 1800–2000. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2000.

Cowley, Robert, ed. With My Face to the Enemy: Perspectives on the Civil War. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 2001.

Current, Richard N. Lincoln and the First Shot. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1963.

——. The Lincoln Nobody Knows. New York: Hill and Wang, 1958.

Curtis, George Ticknor. Life of James Buchanan: F fteenth President of the United States. 2 vols. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1883.

Cuthbert, Norma B., ed. Lincoln and the Baltimore Plot. San Marino, Calif: Hunting-ton Library, 1949.

——. A Cycle of Adams Letters. 2 vols. Edited by Worthington Chauncey Ford. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1920.

Dahlgren, Madeleine Vinton. Memoir of John A. Dahlgren. Boston: James R. Osgood and Company, 1882.

Dana, Charles A. Lincoln and His Cabinet. Cleveland, Ohio: The De Vinne Press, 1896.

——. Recollections of the Civil War. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1898.

Davis, James E. Frontier Illinois. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.

Davis, Martha W., and Cullom Benner, eds. The Law Practice of Abraham Lincoln: Complete Documentary Edition. Electronic resource, 3 vols. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000.

Davis, William C. Battle at Bull Run: A History of the First Major Campaign. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1977.

——. First Blood: Fort Sumter to Bull Run. Alexandria, Va.: Time-Life Books, 1983.

——. Lincoln’s Men: How President Lincoln Became Father to an Army and a Nation. New York: The Free Press, 1999.

Dell, Christopher. Lincoln and the War Democrats: The Grand Erosion of Conservative Tradition. Rutherford, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1975.

——. Diary of Edward Bates, 1859–1866. Edited by Howard K. Beale. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1933.

——. The Diary of George Templeton Strong, vol. 2, 1850–59, and vol. 3, 1860–65. Edited by Allan Nevins and Milton Halsey Thomas. New York: The Macmillan Company 1952.

——. Diary of Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy Under Lincoln and Johnson. 3 vols. Edited by Howard K. Beale and Alan W. Brownsword. New York: W W. Norton and Company, 1960.

——. Diary of Orville Hickman Browning, vol. 20. Edited by Theodore C. Pease and James G Randall. Springfield: Illinois State Historical Society, 1925.

Dilworth, Thomas. A New Guide to the English Tongue. London: W. Osborne and T. Griffin, 1786.

Dixon, Archibald, Mrs. The True Story of the Missouri Compromise and Its Repeal. Cincinnati, Ohio: Robert Clarke and Company, 1899.

Donald, David Herbert. Charles Sumner and the Rights of Man. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1970.

——. Lincoln. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995.

——. Lincoln at Home: Two Glimpses of Abraham Lincoln’s Family Life. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2000.

——. We Are Lincoln Men: Abraham Lincoln and His Friends. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2004.

Douglas, Stephen A. Letters. Edited by Robert W. Johannsen. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1961.

Douglass, Frederick. The Life and Writings of Frederick Douglass. 5 vols. Edited by Philip S. Foner. New York: International Books, 1950, 1975.

Duff, John J. A. Lincoln: Prairie Lawyer. New York: Rinehart, 1960.

Earle, Jonathan. Jackson Antislavery and the Politics of Free Soil, 1824–1854. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

Engle, Stephen Douglas. Don Carlos Buell: Most Promising of All. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.

Epstein, Daniel Mark. Lincoln and Whitman: Parallel Lives in Civil War Washington. New York: Random House, 2004.

The Lincolns: Portrait of a Marriage. New York: Ballantine Books, 2008.

Essah, Patience. A House Divided: Slavery and Emancipation in Delaware, 1638–1865.

Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1996.

Faragher, John Mack. Daniel Boone: The Life and Legend of an American Pioneer. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1992.

——. Sugar Creek, Life on the Illinois Prairie. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1986.

Farber, Daniel. Lincoln’s Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.

Fehrenbacher, Don E. Chicago Giant: A Biography of “Long John” Wentworth. Madison Wis.: American History Research Center, 1957.

——. The Dred Scott Case: Its Significance in American Law and Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

——. Prelude to Greatness: Lincoln in the 1850’s. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1962.

Fehrenbacher, Don E., and Virginia Fehrenbacher, eds. Recollected Words of Abraham Lincoln. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1962.

Fellman, Michael. Inside War: The Guerrilla Conflict in Missouri During the American Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Fermer, Douglas. James Gordon Bennett and the New York Herald: A Study of Editorial Opinion in the Civil War Era, 1854–1867. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1986.

Fessenden, Francis. Life and Public Services of William Pitt Fessenden. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1907.

Field, Henry M. The Life of David Dudley Field. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons 1898.

Fischer, David Hackett. Albion’s Seed: Four British Folkways in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Fisher, Sidney George. A Philadelphia Perspective: The Civil War Diary of Sidney George Fisher. Edited by Jonathan White. Bronx, N.Y.: Fordham University Press, 2007.

——. The Trial of the Constitution. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott and Company 1862.

Fordham, Elias Pym. Personal Narrative of Travels in Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, and of a Residence in the Illinois Territory, 1817–1818. Edited by Frederic Austin Ogg. Cleveland, Ohio: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1906.

Forney, John W. Anecdotes of Public Men, vol. 2. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1881.

Frank, John Paul. Lincoln as Lawyer. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1961.

Fredrickson, George M. The Inner Civil War: Northern Intellectuals and the Crisis of the Union. New York: Harper and Row, 1965.

French, Benjamin Brown. Witness to the Young Republic: A Yankee’s Journal, 1828–1870.

Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 1989.

Friedman, Lawrence M. A History of American Law. Revised edition. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2005.

Fritz, Karen E. Voices in the Storm: Confederate Rhetoric, 1861–1865. Denton: University of North Texas Press, 1999.

Furgurson, Ernest B. Freedom Rising: Washington in the Civil War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2004.

Gallagher, Gary W., ed. The Richmond Campaign of 1862: The Peninsular and the Seven Days. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Gienapp, William E. Abraham Lincoln and Civil War America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

——. The Origins of the Republican Party, 1852–1856. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Glatthaar, Joseph T. Partners in Command: The Relationships Between Leaders in the Civil War. New York: The Free Press, 1994.

Goodwin, Doris Kearns. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2005.

Gouverneur, Marian Campbell. As I Remember: Recollections of American Society During the Nineteenth Century. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1911.

Graff, Harvey J. Conflicting Paths: Growing Up in America. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1995.

Greeley, Horace. Recollections of a Busy Life. New York: J. B. Ford and Company, 1868.

Green, Constance McLaughlin. Washington. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1962.

Guelzo, Allen. Abraham Lincoln: Redeemer President. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W. B. Eerdmans, 1999.

——. Lincoln and Douglas: The Debates That Defined America. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2008.

——. Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2004.

Halstead, Murat. Caucuses of 1860: A History of National Political Conventions. Columbus, Ohio: Follett, Foster and Company, 1860.

Hamlin, Charles Eugene. The Life and Times of Hannibal Hamlin. Cambridge, Mass.: Riverside Press, 1899.

Harkness, David J., and Gerald R. McMurtry. Lincoln’s Favorite Poets. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1959.

Harper, Robert S. Lincoln and the Press. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1951.

Harris, William C. Lincoln’s Last Months. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2004.

——. Lincoln’s Rise to the Presidency. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2007.

Harrison, Lowell H. The Civil War in Kentucky. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1975.

——. Lincoln of Kentucky. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 2000.

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