Athens on Trial: The Antidemocratic Tradition in Western Thought
The Classical Athenians were the first to articulate and implement the notion that ordinary citizens of no particular affluence or education could make responsible political decisions. For this reason, reactions to Athenian democracy have long provided a prime Rorschach test for political thought. Whether praising Athens's government as the legitimizing ancestor of modern democracies or condemning it as mob rule, commentators throughout history have revealed much about their own notions of politics and society. In this book, Jennifer Roberts charts responses to Athenian democracy from Athens itself through the twentieth century, exploring a debate that touches upon historiography, ethics, political science, anthropology, sociology, philosophy, gender studies, and educational theory.
Preface and Acknowledgments
Chapter 1. Introduction
Part One: Classical Greece
Chapter 2. The Athenian Experiment
Chapter 3. The First Attacks on Athenian Democracy
Chapter 4. Democracy and the Philosophers
Part Two: Playing with the Past
Chapter 5. Roman Adaptations
Chapter 6. Recovering the Greeks
Chapter 7. Monarchists and Republicans
Chapter 8. The Debate over Athens and Sparta
Chapter 9. Athenian Democracy in the Age of Revolutions
Chapter 10. A Shift in the Sands
Part Three: Modern Transformations
Chapter 11. The Turning of the Tide
Chapter 12. Athenians and Others
Epilogue: The Old and the New
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