Exam preparation materials

Select Bibliography

General

1.     Krishan Bhatia, The Ordeal of Nationhood, New York, 1971.

2.     Rajni Kothari, Politics in India, New Delhi, 1970.

3.     Achin Vanaik, The Painful Transition: Bourgeois Democracy in India, London, 1990.

4.     Francine R. Frankel, India’s Political Economy, 1947–1977, Delhi, 1978.

5.     L.I. Rudolph and S.H. Rudolph, In Pursuit of Lakshmi: The Political Economy of the Indian State, Bombay, 1987.

6.     Atul Kohli, ed., India’s Democracy, Princeton, 1988.

7.     Shashi Tharoor, India From Midnight to the Millennium, New Delhi, 1997.

8.     Sunil Khilnani, The Idea of India, London, 1997.

9.     Paul R. Brass, The Politics of India Since Independence, Indian edition, New Delhi, 1992.

10. W.H. Morris-Jones, Politics Mainly Indian, New Delhi, 1978.

11. W.H. Morris-Jones, The Government and Politics of India, Wistow, Huntingdon, 1987 edition.

12. Robert L. Hardgrave, Jr. and Stanley A. Kochanek, India: Government and Politics in a Developing Nation, fifth edition, San Diego, 1993.

13. Daniel Thorner, The Shaping of Modern India, Delhi, 1980.

14. Yogendra Singh, Social Change in India, New Delhi, 1993.

15. Bipan Chandra, Essays on Contemporary India, revised edition, New Delhi, 1999.

16. Aditya Mukherjee, Imperialism, Nationalism and the Marketing of the Indian Capitalist Class 1927–1947, New Delhi, 2002.

17. Mridula Mukherjee, Colonialising Agriculture: The Myth of Punjab Exceptionalism, New Delhi, 2006.

18. Mridula Mukherjee, Peasants in India’s Non-violent Revolution, Practice and Theory, New Delhi, 2004.

19. Upendra Baxi and Bhikhu Parekh, eds, Crisis and Change in Contemporary India, New Delhi, 1995.

20. Myron Weiner, The Indian Paradox: Essays in Indian Politics, New Delhi, 1989.

21. Partha Chatterjee, ed., Wages of Freedom: Fifty Years of the Indian Nation-State, Delhi, 1998.

22. Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen, India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity, Delhi, 1996.

23. Vijay Joshi and I.M.D. Little, eds India: Macroeconomics and Political Economy 1964–1991, Washington, 1994.

24. Bimal Jalan, ed.. The Indian Economy: Problems and Prospects, New Delhi, 1992.

25. E.J. Hobsbawm, Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century, Harmondsworth, 1994.

26. Hiranmay Karlekar, Independent India: The First Fifty Years, Delhi, 1998.

27. Amartya Sen, The Argumentative Indian: Writings on Indian History, Culture and Identity, Allen Lane, Penguin London, 2005.

Chapter 2

1.     Bipan Chandra, (i) Essays on Colonialism, New Delhi, 1999. (ii) Nationalism and Colonialism in Modern India, New Delhi, 1979. (iii) The Colonial Legacy’, in Bimal Jalan, ed., The Indian Economy: Problems and Prospects, New Delhi, 1992. (iv) Modern India, New Delhi, 1990.

2.     Aditya Mukherjee and Mridula Mukherjee, ‘Imperialism and the Growth of Indian Capitalism in Twentieth Century’, Economic and Political Weekly (hereafter EPW), 12 March 1988, reprinted in Capitalist Development: Critical Essays, Ghanshyam Shah ed., Bombay, 1990.

3.     Irfan Habib, ‘Colonialization of Indian Economy’, Social Scientist, March 1975.

4.     Angus Maddison, Class Structure and Economic Growth: India and Pakistan Since the Moghuls, London, 1971.

5.     V.B. Singh, Economic History of India, 1857–1956, Bombay, 1965.

6.     R. Palme Dutt, India Today, Bombay, 1949.

7.     A.R. Desai, Social Background of Indian Nationalism, Bombay, 1959.

Chapter 3

1.     Bipan Chandra, et al., India’s Struggle for Independence 1857–1947, New Delhi, 1988.

2.     Bipan Chandra, (i) Epic Struggle, New Delhi. (ii) Indian National Movement: The Long-term Dynamics, New Delhi, 1988. (iii) Essays in Indian Nationalism, New Delhi, 1993.

3.     W.H. Morris-Jones, The Government and Politics of India, Wistow, England, 1987 edition.

Chapters 4–5

1.     B. Shiva Rao, ed., The Framing of India’s Constitution: A Study, New Delhi, 1968.

2.     Vidya Dhar Mahajan, Select Modern Governments, New Delhi, 17th edition, 1995.

3.     V.P. Menon, The Transfer of Power in India, Princeton, 1957.

4.     Granville Austin, The Indian Constitution: Cornerstone of a Nation, Oxford 1966.

5.     Subhash C. Kashyap, ‘The Framing of the Constitution and the Process of Institution Building’, in A Centenary History of The Indian National Congress, in B.N. Pande, general editor, vol. IV, New Delhi, 1990.

6.     W.H. Morris-Jones, The Government and Politics of India, New York, 1967, first published, London, 1964.

7.     S.C. Kashyap, Our Constitution, New Delhi, 1994.

8.     S.K. Chaube, Constituent Assembly of India: Springboard of Revolution, New Delhi, 1973.

9.     D.D. Basu, Introduction to the Constitution of India, New Delhi, 8th edition, 1984.

10. M.V. Pylee, Constitutional Government in India, New Delhi, 4th edition, 1984.

11. David Potter, India’s Political Administrators 1918–83, Oxford, 1986.

Chapter 6

1.     S. Gopal, Jawaharlal Nehru—A Biography, vol. 2 (1947–1956), London and Delhi, 1979.

2.     Rajmohan Gandhi, Patel: A Life, Ahmedabad, 1990.

3.     V.P. Menon, Integration of the Indian States, Madras, 1985, reprint 1985.

4.     Sisir K. Gupta, Kashmir: A Study in Indian Pakistan Relations, London, 1967.

5.     P. Mishra, ‘Consolidation of Independence: Challenge and Response’, A Centenary History of the Indian National Congress, general editor, B.N. Pande, vol. IV, ed., Iqbal Narain, New Delhi, 1990.

Chapter 7

1.     Bipan Chandra, ‘Indian Nationalism—Redefined’, and ‘Will the Indian Nation Hold’, in Bipan Chandra, Essays on Contemporary India, New Delhi, 1993.

2.     Boris I. Kluev, India: National and Language Problem, New Delhi, 1981.

3.     S. Mohan Kumaramangalam, India’s Language Crisis, Madras, 1965.

4.     Hugh Tinker, ‘Is There an Indian Nation’, in Philip Mason, ed., India and Ceylon: Unity and Diversity, London, 1967.

5.     Jyotirindra Das Gupta, Language Conflict and National Development: Group Politics and National Language Policy in India, Berkeley and Bombay, 1970.

6.     Nirmal Kumar Bose, ‘Problems of National Integration’, Science and Culture, vol. 30, No.4, April 1964.

7.     Zoya Hasan, ‘Introduction: State and Identity in Modern India’, in Zoya Hasan, S.N. Jha and Rasheeduddin Khan, eds, The State, Political Processes and Identity, New Delhi, 1989.

8.     Rajni Kothari, Politics in India, Chapter VIII, New Delhi, 1970.

Chapter 8

1.     Jolly Mohan Kaul, Problems of National Integration, New Delhi, 1963.

2.     Boris I. Kluev, India: National and Language Problem, New Delhi, 1981.

3.     Joseph E. Schwartzberg, ‘Factors in the Linguistic Reorganization of India’, in Paul Wallace, ed., Region and Nation in India, New Delhi, 1985.

4.     Ather Farouqi, ‘The Emerging Dilemma of the Urdu Press in India’, South Asia, Vol. XVIII, No. 2, 1995.

5.     Ralph Russell, ‘Urdu in India Since Independence’, EPW, 9 January 1999.

Chapter 9

1.     Verrier Elwin, (i) A Philosophy for NEFA, Shillong, 1959. (ii) The Tribal World of Verrier Elwin, Bombay, 1964.

2.     Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf (i) ‘The Position of the Tribal Populations in Modern India’, in Philip Mason, ed., India and Ceylon: Unity and Diversity, London, 1967. (ii) ‘The Changing Position of Tribal Population in India,’ in D. Taylor and M. Yapp,Political Identity in South Asia, London, 1979.

3.     K.S. Singh, ed., Tribal Movements in India, 2 Volumes, New Delhi, 1982.

4.     Stuart Corbridge, ‘The Ideology of Tribal Economy and Society: Politics in the Jharkhand, 1950–1980’, Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 22, No. l, 1988.

5.     Nirmal Kumar Bose, (i) ‘Change in Tribal Culture Before and After Independence’, Man in India, Vol. 44, No. l, January–March 1964. (ii) ‘Integration of Tribes in Andhra Pradesh’, Man in India, Vol. 44, No. 2, April–June 1964.

6.     Jolly M. Kaul, Problems of National Integration, New Delhi, 1963.

7.     Urmila Phadnis, Ethnicity and Nation-Building in South Asia, New Delhi, 1989.

8.     B.K. Roy-Burman, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples, New Delhi, 1994.

Chapter 10

1.     Balveer Arora and Douglas V. Verney, Multiple Identities in a Single State, Delhi, 1993.

2.     N. Mukerji and Balveer Arora, Federalism in India, New Delhi, 1991.

3.     C.N. Vakil, ‘National Integration’, in J.C. Daruvala, ed., Tensions in Economic Development in South East Asia, Bombay, 1961.

4.     Ashok Mathur, ‘The Character of Industrialization in the Indian Economy’, unpublished paper, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, May 1998.

5.     Jolly M. Kaul, Problems of National Integration, New Delhi, 1963.

6.     Myron Weiner, Sons of the Soil: Migration and Ethnic Conflict in India, Princeton, 1978.

7.     Dipankar Gupta, Nationalism in a Metropolis: The Shiv Sena in Bombay, New Delhi, 1982.

Chapters 11 and 13

1.     S. Gopal, Jawaharlal Nehru—A Biography, Vols. 2 and 3, London and Delhi, 1979 and 1984.

2.     Bipan Chandra, ‘Jawaharlal Nehru in Historical Perspective’, and ‘Nehru and Communalism’, in Bipan Chandra, Ideology and Politics in Modern India, New Delhi, 1994.

3.     B.R. Nanda, Jawaharlal Nehru: Rebel and Statesman, Delhi, 1995.

4.     B.R. Nanda, P.C. Joshi and Raj Krishna, Gandhi and Nehru, Delhi, 1979.

5.     Sudipto Kaviraj, ‘Apparent Paradoxes of Jawaharlal Nehru’, Mainstream, 15 November–13 December 1980.

6.     Geoffrey Tyson, Nehru: The Years of Power, London, 1966.

7.     Bagendu Ganguli and Mira Ganguly, ‘Electoral Politics and Partisan Choice’, A Centenary History of the Indian National Congress, general editor B.N. Pande, Vol. IV, ed. Iqbal Narain, New Delhi, 1990.

8.     Bimal Prasad, Gandhi, Nehru and J.P.: Studies in Leadership, Delhi, 1985.

9.     E.M.S. Namboodiripad, Economics and Politics of India’s Socialist Pattern, New Delhi, 1966.

10. W.H. Morris-Jones, Parliament in India, London, 1957.

11. B.N. Pande, general editor, A Centenary History of the Indian National Congress, Vol.IV, ed. Iqbal Narain, New Delhi, 1990.

Chapter 12

1.     V.P. Dutt, India and the World, New Delhi, 1990.

2.     K. Subrahmanyam, ‘Evolution of Indian Defence Policy (1947–1964)’, in B.N. Pande, general editor, A Centenary History of the Indian National Congress, Vol. lV, New Delhi, 1990.

3.     B.R. Nanda, ed., Indian Foreign Policy: The Nehru Years, Delhi, 1976.

4.     Rikhi Jaipal, ‘Ideas and Issues in Indian Foreign Policy’, in B.N. Pande, ed., A Centenary History.

5.     V.P. Dutt, India’s Foreign Policy, New Delhi, 1984.

6.     A.K. Damodaran, ‘Foreign Policy in Action’, in B.N. Pande, ed., A Centenary History.

7.     S. Gopal, Jawaharlal Nehru—A Biography, Vols 2 and 3, London, 1979 and 1984.

8.     Neville George Anthony Maxwell, India’s China War, London, 1970.

9.     M.S. Rajan, India in World Affairs, New York, 1964.

10. W. Norman Brown, The United States and India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1972.

11. Sisir K. Gupta, Kashmir: A Study in Indo-Pak Relations, Bombay, 1966.

Chapter 14

1.     Rajni Kothari, (i) ‘The Congress “System” in India’, Asian Survey, Vol. IV, No. 12, December 1964. (ii) Politics in India, Chapter V, New Delhi, 1970.

2.     S. Gopal, Jawaharlal Nehru—A Biography, Vols. 2 and 3, London and Delhi, 1979 and 1984.

3.     Stanley A. Kochanek, The Congress Party of India, Princeton, 1968.

4.     V.M. Siriskar and L. Fernandes, Indian Political Parties, Meerut, 1984.

5.     All India Congress Committee, A Contemporary History of the Indian National Congress, general editor B.N. Pande, Vol. IV, ed. Iqbal Narain, New Delhi, 1990.

6.     W.H. Morris-Jones, (i) ‘Congress, Dead or Alive’, Pacific Affairs, Vol. 42, No. 2, 1969. (ii) ‘The Indian Congress Party: A Dilemma of Dominance’, in Politics Mainly Indian, Bombay, 1978. Also in Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 1, No. 2, April 1967. (iii) The Government and Politics of India, Chapter 5, Wistow, 1987 edition.

Chapter 15

1.     Myron Weiner, Party Politics in India, Princeton, 1957, Delhi, 1990.

2.     Lewis P. Fickett, Jr., (i) The Major Socialist Parties of India, Syracuse, New York, 1976. (ii) ‘The Praja Socialist Party of India—1952–1972: A Final Assessment’, Asian Survey, Vol. 13, No. 9, September 1973.

3.     Howard L. Erdman, (i) The Swatantra Party and Indian Conservatism, Cambridge, 1967. (ii) ‘India’s Swatantra Party’, Pacific Affairs, Vol. 36, No. 4, Winter 1963–64.

4.     Bhabani Sengupta, Communism in Indian Politics, New York, 1971.

5.     Mohit Sen, Glimpses of the History of the Indian Communist Movement, Madras, 1997.

6.     B.D. Graham, Hindu Nationalism and Indian Politics: The Origins and Development of the Bharatiya Jan Sangh, Cambridge, 1990.

7.     Hari Kishore Singh, A History of the Praja Socialist Party, Lucknow, 1959.

8.     Mohan Ram, Indian Communism, Delhi, 1969.

9.     D.R. Goyal, Rashtriya Swayam Sewak Sangh, New Delhi, 1979.

10. Craig Baxter, The Jan Sangh, Philadelphia, 1969.

11. Achin Vanaik, ‘The Indian Left’, New Left Review, No. 159.

12. Madhu Dandavate, Evolution of Socialist Policies and Perspective 1934–1984, Bombay, 1986.

13. E.M.S. Namboodiripad, Conflicts and Crisis: Political India—1974, Bombay, 1974.

14. Haridev Sharma, et al., Fifty Years of Socialist Movement in India, New Delhi, 1984.

Chapters 16 to 19

1.     Inder Malhotra, Indira Gandhi: A Personal and Political Biography, London, 1989.

2.     Zareer Masani, Indira Gandhi—A Biography, London, 1975.

3.     Pupul Jayakar, Indira Gandhi—A Biography, New Delhi, 1992.

4.     Mary C. Carras, Indira Gandhi: In the Crucible of Leadership, Bombay, 1979.

5.     Morarji Desai, The Story of My life, Vol. 2, Delhi, 1974.

6.     C.P. Srivastava, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Delhi, 1995.

7.     Tariq Ali, The Nehrus and the Gandhis, London, 1985.

8.     S.S. Gill, The Dynasty: A Political Biography of the Premier Ruling Family of Modern India, New Delhi, 1996.

9.     Sudipto Kaviraj, ‘Indira Gandhi and Indian Politics’, EPW, 20–27 September 1986.

10. Rajni Kothari, Politics in India, Chapter V, New Delhi, 1970.

11. Rabindra Ray, The Naxalites and Their Ideology, Delhi, 1988.

12. Mahendra Prasad Singh, Split in a Predominant Party: The Indian National Congress in 1969, New Delhi, 1981.

13. Krishan Bhatia, Indira: A Biography of Prime Minister Gandhi, London, 1974.

14. W.H. Morris-Jones, ‘India Elects for Change—and Stability’, Asian Survey, Vol. XI, No. 8, August 1971, Berkeley. Also in his Politics Mainly Indian, Bombay, 1978.

15. Norman D. Palmer, ‘India’s Fourth General Elections, Asian Survey, Vol. VII, no. 5, May 1967.

16. Ashis Nandy, ‘Indira Gandhi and the Culture of Indian Politics’, in his At the Edge of Psychology: Essays in Politics and Culture, Delhi, 1980.

17. Harry W. Blair, ‘Mrs. Gandhi’s Emergency, The Indian Elections of 1977, Pluralism and Marxism: Problems with Paradigms’, Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1980.

Chapter 18

A. The JP Movement

1.     Ghanshyam Shah, Protest Movements in Two Indian States: A Study of the Gujarat and Bihar Movements, Delhi, 1977.

2.     Bimal Prasad, Gandhi, Nehru and J.P.: Studies in Leadership, Delhi, 1985.

3.     Minoo Masani, Is J.P. the Answer?, Delhi, 1975.

4.     John R. Wood, ‘Extra-Parliamentary Opposition in India: An Analysis of Populist Agitations in Gujarat and Bihar’, Pacific Affairs, Vol. XLVIII, No. 3, Fall 1975.

5.     Ajit Bhattacharjea, Jayaprakash Narayan: A Political Biography, Delhi, 1975.

B. The Emergency

1.     Henry C. Hart, ed., Indira Gandhi’s India, Boulder (Colorado), 1976.

2.     Max Zins, Strains on Indian Democracy, New Delhi, 1988. Also in Zoya Hasan, S.N. Jha and Rasheeduddin Khan, The State, Political Processes and Identity, New Delhi, 1989.

3.     V.P. Dutt, ‘The Emergency in India: Background and Rationale’, Asian Survey, Vol. XVI, No. 12, December 1976.

4.     Seminar, March 1977, New Delhi.

5.     Balraj Puri, ‘Fuller Views of Emergency’, EPW, 15 July 1995.

6.     Kuldip Nayar, The Judgement: Inside Story of the Emergency in India, New Delhi, 1977.

7.     W.H. Morris-Jones, ‘Creeping but Uneasy Authoritarianism: India 1975–76,’ Government and Opposition, Vol. 12, No. 1, Winter 1977.

8.     David Selbourne, An Eye to India: The Unmasking of a Tyranny, London, 1977.

C. The Janata Government

1.     C.P. Bhambri, The Janata Party: A Profile, New Delhi, 1980.

2.     Janardan Thakur, All the Janata Men, New Delhi, 1978.

3.     J. Das Gupta, ‘The Janata Phase: Reorganisation and Redirection in Indian Politics’, Asian Survey, Vol. XIX, No. 4, April 1979.

4.     Iqbal Narain, ‘India 1977: From Promise to Disenchantment’, Asian Survey, Vol. XVIII, No. 2, February 1978.

5.     Robert L. Hardgrave, Jr. and Stanley A. Kochanek, India: Government and Politics in a Developing Nation, 5th edition, pp. 276–82.

6.     L.I. Rudolph and S.H. Rudolph, In Pursuit of Lakshmi: The Political Economy of the Indian State, Chapter 5, Bombay, 1987.

Chapter 20

1.     Bhabani Sen Gupta, Rajiv Gandhi: A Political Study, New Delhi, 1989.

2.     Mohan Ram, Sri Lanka: The Fractured Island, New Delhi, 1989.

3.     Minhaz Merchant, Rajiv Gandhi: The End of a Dream, New Delhi, 1991.

4.     Nicholas Nugent, Rajiv Gandhi: Son of a Dynasty, New Delhi, 1991.

5.     Ved Mehta, Rajiv Gandhi and Rama’s Kingdom, New Haven and London, 1994.

6.     S.S. Gill, The Dynasty: A Political Biography of the Premier Ruling Family of India, New Delhi, 1996.

7.     Raju G.C. Thomas, Indian Security Policy, Princeton, 1986.

8.     R. Venkataraman, My Presidential Years, New Delhi, 1994.

9.     Ramesh Thakur, The Politics and Economics of India’s Foreign Policy, London, 1994.

Chapter 21

1.     Seema Mustafa, The Lonely Prophet: V.P. Singh, A Political Biography, New Delhi, 1995.

2.     David Butler, Ashok Lahiri and Prannoy Roy, India Decides: Elections 1952–1995. New Delhi, 3rd edition, 1995.

3.     Paul R. Brass, The New Cambridge History of India, IV.; The Politics of India Since Independence, Cambridge, 2nd edition, 1994.

4.     R. Venkataraman, My Presidential Years, New Delhi, 1994.

5.     M.N. Srinivas, ed., Caste: Its Twentieth Century Avatar, New Delhi, 1996.

6.     Yogendra Yadav, et al., ‘The Maturing of a Democracy’, in India Today, Vol. xxi, No. 16, 1996.

7.     Yogendra Yadav, ‘Reconfiguration in Indian Politics: State Assembly Elections, 1993–96’, EPW, Vol. 32, Nos. 2–3, 1996.

8.     Thomas Blom Hansen and Christophe Jaffrelot, The BJP and the Compulsions of Politics in India, Delhi, 1998.

9.     V.P. Dutt, India’s Foreign Policy in a Changing World, New Delhi, 1999.

10. Lalit Mansingh, et al., Indian Foreign Policy: Agenda for the 21st Century, New Delhi, 1997.

11. Air Commodore Jasjit Singh, ed., Nuclear India, New Delhi, 1998.

12. Amitabh Mattoo, ed., India’s Nuclear Deterrent: Pokhran II and Beyond, New Delhi, 1999.

13. V.P. Dutt, India’s Foreign Policy Since Independence, New Delhi, 2007.

14. J.N. Dixit, India–Pakistan in War and Peace, Routledge, 2003.

15. Air Commodore Jasjit Singh, Kargil 1999: Pakistan’s Fourth War for Kashmir, Knowledge World, New Delhi, 1999.

16. C. Raja Mohan, Impossible Allies: Nuclear India, United States and the Global Order, New Delhi, 2006.

Chapter 22

A. Tamil Nadu

1.     S.N. Balasundaram, ‘The Dravidian (Non-Brahmin) Movements in Madras’, and C. Annadurai, ‘D.M.K. As I See It’, in Iqbal Narain, ed., State Politics in India, Meerut, 1967.

2.     Pandav Nayak, ‘Politics of Pragmatism’, in Iqbal Narain, ed., State Politics in India, Meerut, 1976.

3.     Marguerite Ross Barnett, The Politics of Cultural Nationalism in South India, Princeton, 1976.

4.     David Washbrook, ‘Caste, Class and Dominance in Modern Tamil Nadu: Non-Brahmanism, Dravidianism and Tamil Nationalism’, in Francine R. Frankel and M.S.A. Rao, eds, Dominance and State Power in Modern India: Decline of a Social Order, Vol. 1, Delhi, 1989.

5.     Urmila Phadnis, ‘The Dravidian Movement and Tamil Ethnicity in India’, in her Ethnicity and Nation-Building in South Asia, New Delhi, 1989.

B. Andhra Pradesh

1.     Hugh Gray, (i) ‘The Demand for a Separate Telengana State in India’, Asian Survey, Vol. XI, No. 5, May 1971. (ii) ‘The Failure of the Demand for a Separate Andhra State’, Asian Survey, Vol. XIV, No. 4 April 1974.

2.     G. Ram Reddy, ‘Andhra Pradesh: The Citadel of the Congress’, in Iqbal Narain, ed., State Politics in India, Meerut, 1976.

3.     Mohit Sen, ‘Showdown in Andhra’, EPW, 23 December 1972.

4.     Dagmar Bernstorff, ‘Region and Nation: The Telengana Movement’s Dual Identity’, in Taylor and Yapp, Political Identity in South Asia, London, 1979.

D. Assam

1.     Sanjib Baruah, (i) ‘Immigration, Ethnic Conflict, and Political Turmoil—Assam, 1979–1985,’ Asian Survey, Vol. XXVI, No. 11, November 1986. (ii) ‘Ethnic Conflict or State-Society Struggle’, Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 28, No. 3, 1994.

2.     Myron Weiner, Sons of the Soil: Migration and Ethnic Conflict in India, Princeton, 1978.

3.     Hiren Gohain, ‘Ethnic Unrest in the North-East’, EPW, 22 February 1997.

4.     J. Das Gupta, ‘Ethnicity, Democracy and Development in India: Assam in a General Perspective’, in Atul Kohli, ed., India’s Democracy, Princeton, 1988.

Chapter 23

A. West Bengal

1.     Atul Kohli, (i) ‘West Bengal: Parliamentary Communism and Reform from Above’, in Atul Kohli, The State and Poverty in India, Cambridge, 1987. (ii) Democracy and Discontent, Chapters 6, 10, 13, Cambridge, 1991. (iii) ‘Parliamentary Communism and Agrarian Reform: The Evidence from India’s Bengal’, Asian Survey, Vol. 23, No. 7, July 1983. (iv) ‘From Elite Activism to Democratic Consolidation: The Rise of Reform Communism in West Bengal’, in Francine R. Frankel and M.S.A. Rao, eds,Dominance and State Power in Modern India: Decline of a Social Order, Vols. I and II, Delhi, 1989, 1990.

B. Jammu and Kashmir

1.     S. Gopal, Jawaharlal Nehru—A Biography, Vols 2 and 3, London and New Delhi, 1979 and 1984.

2.     Balraj Puri, ‘Jammu and Kashmir’, in Myron Weiner, State Politics in India, Princeton, 1968.

3.     Ajit Bhattacharjea, Kashmir—The Wounded Valley, New Delhi, 1994.

4.     B.C. Verghese, ‘Fourth Option: Towards a Settlement in Jammu and Kashmir’, in Upendra Baxi, Alice Jacob and Tarlok Singh, Reconstructing the Republic, New Delhi, 1999.

5.     Roop Krishen Bhatt, ‘Politics of Integration’, in Iqbal Narain, ed., State Politics in India, Meerut, 1976.

Chapter 24

1.     Baldev Raj Nayar, (i) Minority Politics in the Punjab, Princeton, 1966. (ii) ‘Sikh Separatism in the Punjab’, in Donald E. Smith, ed., South Asian Politics and Religion, Princeton, 1966.

2.     Rajni A. Kapur, Sikh Separatism: The Politics of Faith, London, 1986.

3.     K.P.S. Gill, The Knights of Falsehood, New Delhi, 1997.

4.     Amarjit Kaur, et al., The Punjab Story, New Delhi, 1984.

5.     Satyapal Dang, Genesis of Terrorism: An Analytical Study of Punjab Terrorists, New Delhi, 1988.

6.     Amrik Singh, ed., Punjab in Indian Politics, Delhi, 1985.

7.     Seminar, February 1984.

8.     Pramod Kumar, et al., Punjab Crisis: Context and Trends, Chandigarh, 1984.

9.     Sucha Singh Gill and K.C. Singhal, ‘The Punjab Problem: Its Historical Roots’, EPW, April 1984.

10. Bikash Chandra, Punjab Crisis—Perceptions and Perspectives of the Indian Intelligentsia, New Delhi, 1993.

Chapters 25–33

1.     A.M. Khusro, ‘Land Reforms Since Independence’, in V.B. Singh, ed. The Economic History of India, 1857–1956, Delhi, 1965.

2.     A. Vaidyanathan, ‘The Indian Economy Since Independence (1947– 70)’, in Dharma Kumar, ed., The Cambridge Economic History of India, Delhi, 1984 reprint.

3.     Aditya Mukherjee, Imperialism, Nationalism and the Marketing of the Indian Capitalist Class 1920–1947, New Delhi, 2002.

4.     Aditya Mukherjee and Mridula Mukherjee. ‘Imperialism and the Growth of Indian Capitalism in the Twentieth Century’, EPW, 12 March 1988.

5.     Amartya Sen, ‘How is India Doing?,’ New York Review of Books, 1982, reprinted in Mainstream, 26 January 1983.

6.     Amartya Sen, ‘Social Commitment and Democracy’, New Thinking Communist, 1 November 1998.

7.     Angus Maddison, The Word Economy: Vol. I A Millennial Perspective, Vol. II Historical Statistics, OECD, 2006, Indian edition, New Delhi, 2007.

8.     Atul Kohli, ‘Politics of Economic Liberalization in India’, World Development, Vol. 17, No. 3, 1989.

9.     Atul Kohli, Democracy and Discontent, Cambridge, 1990.

10. B.R. Tomlinson, The Economy of Modern India, 1860–1970, Cambridge, 1993.

11. Baldev Raj Nayar, India’s Globalisation: Evaluating the Economic Consequences, New Delhi, 2007.

12. Bimal Jalan, ed., The Indian Economy: Problems and Prospects, New Delhi, 1992.

13. Bimal Jalan, India’s Economy in the New Millennium, New Delhi, 2002.

14. Bipan Chandra, Essays on Colonialism, New Delhi, 1999.

15. Amit Bhaduri and Deepak Nayyar, The Intelligent Person’s Guide to Liberalization, New Delhi, 1996.

16. Dani Rodrik and Arvind Subramanian, ‘Why India Can Grow at 7 Per Cent a Year or More: Projections and Reflections’, EPW, 17 April 2004.

17. G.S. Bhalla, Indian Agriculture Since Independence, New Delhi, 2007.

18. Himangshu, ‘Recent Trends in Poverty and Inequality: Some Preliminary Results’, EPW, 10 February 2007.

19. Jeffrey D. Sachs, The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities of Our Time, New York, 2005.

20. Jeffrey D. Sachs, Ashutosh Varshney and Nirupam Bajpai, eds,. India in the Era of Economic Reforms, New Delhi, 1999.

21. Kyoko Inoue, Industrial Development Policy of India, Tokyo, 1992.

22. K.N. Raj, Indian Economic Growth: Performance and Prospects, New Delhi, 1965.

23. K. Sundaram and Suresh D. Tendulkar, ‘Poverty Has Declined in the 1990s’, EPW, 25 January 2003.

24. L.I. Rudolph and S.H. Rudolph, In Pursuit ofLakshmi: The Political Economy of the Indian State, Chicago, 1987.

25. Louis J. Walinsky, ed., Agrarian Reform as Unfinished Business, The Selected Papers of Wolf Ladejinsky, New York, 1977.

26. Mridula Mukherjee, Colonialising Agriculture: The Myth of Punjab Exceptionalism, New Delhi, 2006.

27. Nariaki Nakazato, ‘The Origins of Development Planning in India’, in Fumiko Oshikawa, ed., South Asia under the Economic Reforms, Osaka, 1999.

28. National Planning Committee Report, Bombay, 1949.

29. Nitin Desai, ‘Development Planning in India: A Review’, in India Since Independence, Vol. I, Proceedings of National Seminar, Indian Council of Social Science Research, New Delhi, 1988.

30. Prabhat Patnaik, The Retreat to Unfreedom: Essays on the Emerging World Order, New Delhi, 2003.

31. P.C. Joshi, ‘Land Reform in India and Pakistan,’ EPW, 26 December 1970.

32. P.S. Appu, ‘Tenancy Reform in India’, EPW, Special Number, August 1975.

33. Prabhat Patnaik, ‘Political Strategies of Economic Development’, in Partha Chatterjee, ed., Wages of Freedom: Fifty Years of the Indian Nation-State, Delhi, 1998.

34. Pranab Bardhan, The Political Economy of Development in India, Delhi, 1998 (expanded edition).

35. Purshottamdas Thakurdas, et al., A Plan of Economic Development for India, Parts 1 & 2, Harmondsworth, 1945.

36. R. Nagraj, ‘Industrial Growth in China and India: A Preliminary Comparison’ EPW, 21 May 2005.

37. Ruth Heredia, The Amul India Story, New Delhi, 1997.

38. S.J. Patel, Essays on Economic Transition, Bombay, 1965.

39. Sukhamoy Chakravarty, Development Planning: The Indian Experience, Oxford, 1987.

40. T.V. Sathyamurthy, ed., Industry and Agriculture in India Since Independence, Delhi, 1995.

41. C.H. Hanumantha Rao, ‘Agriculture: Policy and Performance’, in Bimal Jalan, ed., The Indian Economy: Problems and Prospects, New Delhi, 1992.

42. D. Bandyopadhyay, ‘Land Reform in India: An Analysis’, EPW, Review of Agriculture, June 1986.

43. Daniel Thorner, The Shaping of Modern India, New Delhi, 1980.

44. Economic Survey, Government of India, various years.

45. Five Year Plans, I to IX, Planning Commission, Government of India, various dates.

46. Francine R. Frankel, India’s Political Economy 1947–77, Delhi.

47. G. Kotovsky, Agrarian Reforms in India, New Delhi, 1964.

48. G.S. Bhalla, ‘Nehru and Planning—Choices in Agriculture’, Working Paper Series, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 1990.

49. G.S. Bhalla and G.K. Chadha, ‘Green Revolution and the Small Peasant—A Study of Income Distribution in Punjab Agriculture’, EPW, 15 and 22 May 1982.

50. G.S. Bhalla and Gurmail Singh, ‘Recent Developments in Indian Agriculture: A State Level Analysis’, EPW, 29 March 1997.

51. Ghanshyam Shah, ed., Capitalist Development: Critical Essays, Bombay, 1990.

52. Indian National Congress, Resolutions on Economic Policy Programme and Allied Matters 1924–1969, New Delhi, 1969.

53. Isher J. Ahluwalia, Industrial Growth in India, Delhi, 1985.

54. Isher J. Ahluwalia and I.M.D. Little, eds, India’s Economic Reforms and Development: Essays for Manmohan Singh, Delhi, 1998.

55. J.C. Sandesara, ‘Indian Industrialisation: Tendencies, Interpretations and Issues’, in India Since Independence, Volume 1, Proceedings of National Seminar, Indian Council of Social Science Research, New Delhi, 1988.

56. Jagdish Bhagwati, India in Transition: Freeing the Economy, Delhi, 1994.

57. Jagdish Bhagwati and T.N. Srinivasan, India’s Economic Reforms, 1993, A Report prepared at the request of Manmohan Singh, Finance Minster of India, reprinted by the Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry of India, New Delhi.

58. Jagdish N. Bhagwati and Padma Desai, India: Planning for Industrialisation, Industrialisation and Trade Policies Since 1951, London, 1970.

59. Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen, India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity, Delhi, 1996.

60. S. Mahendra Dev and C. Ravi, ‘Poverty and Inequality: All-India and States, 1983–2005’, EPW, 10 February 2007.

61. The East Asian Miracle: Economic Growth and Public Policy, World Bank, New York, 1993.

62. V.B. Singh, ed., Economic History of India: 1857–1956, Bombay, 1965.

63. Vijay Joshi and I.M.D. Little, India: Macroeconomics and Political Economy 1964–1991, Washington, 1994

64. Vijay Joshi and I.M.D. Little, India’s Economic Reforms 1991–2001, Oxford, 1996.

65. Wilfred Candler and Nalini Kumar, India: The Dairy Revolution, Washington, 1998.

66. Arjun Sengupta, ‘Fifty Years of Development Policy in India’, in Hiranmay Karlekar, ed., Independent India: The First Fifty Years, Delhi, 1988.

Chapter 34

1.     A.R. Desai, ed., Agrarian Struggles in India After Independence, Delhi, 1986.

2.     P. Sundarayya, Telangana People’s Struggle and Its Lessons, Calcutta, 1972.

3.     Ravi Narayan Reddy, Heroic Telangana: Reminiscences and Experiences, New Delhi, 1973.

4.     Barry Pavier, The Telangana Movement: 1944–51, New Delhi, 1981.

5.     Mridula Mukherjee, ‘Communists and Peasants in Punjab: A Focus on the Muzara Movement in Patiala, 1937–53’, in Bipan Chandra, ed., The Indian Left: Critical Appraisals, New Delhi, 1983.

6.     Mridula Mukherjee, ‘Peasant Resistance and Peasant Consciousness in Colonial India: Subalterns and Beyond’, EPW, 1988, 8 and 15 October.

7.     Mridula Mukherjee, Peasants in India’s Non-violent Revolution, Practice and Theory, New Delhi, 2004.

8.     Marcus F. Franda, Radical Politics in West Bengal, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1971.

9.     Sumanta Banerjee, In the Wake of Naxalbari: A History of the Naxalite Movement in India, Calcutta, 1980.

10. Shantha Sinha, Maoists in Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, 1989.

11. Sunil Sahasrabudhey, Peasant Movement in Modern India, Allahabad, 1989.

12. Tom Brass, ed., New Farmers’ Movements in India, Ilford, 1995.

13. Gail Omvedt, Reinventing Revolution: New Social Movements and the Socialist Tradition in India, London, 1993.

14. Manoranjan Mohanty and Parma Nath Mukherji, eds, People’s Rights and the State in the Third World, New Delhi, 1998.

Chapter 35

1.     Bipan Chandra, (i) Communalism in Modern India (ii) Ideology and Politics in Modern India, Chapters 4, 5, 6, 7, New Delhi, 1994. (iii) Essays in Contemporary India, Part II, New Delhi, 1993.

2.     Pramod Kumar, ed., (i) Towards Understanding Communalism, Chandigarh, 1992. (ii) Polluting Sacred Faith: A Study on Communalism and Violence, Delhi, 1992.

3.     Asghar Ali Engineer, (i) Communalism in India: A Historical Empirical Study. (ii) Communalism and Communal Violence in India, Delhi, 1989.

4.     Achin Vanaik, Communalism Contested: Religion, Modernity and Secularization, New Delhi, 1997.

5.     P.N. Rajagopal, Communal Violence in India, New Delhi, 1987.

6.     S.K. Ghosh, Communal Riots in India, New Delhi, 1987.

7.     Christophe Jaffrelot, The Hindu Nationalist Movement and Indian Politics, 1925 to the 1990s, London, 1996.

8.     S. Gopal, ed., Anatomy of a Confrontation: The Babri Masjid– Ramjanambhoomi Issue, New Delhi, 1991.

9.     Randhir Singh, ‘Theorising Communalism’, EPW, 23 July 1988.

10. Parveen Patel, ‘Communal Riots in Contemporary India: Towards a Sociological Explanation’, in Upendra Baxi and Bhikhu Parekh, eds, Crisis and Change in Contemporary India, New Delhi, 1995.

11. Gyanendra Pandey, Hindus and Others: The Question of Identity in India Today, New Delhi, 1993.

12. D.R. Goyal, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, New Delhi, 1979.

13. Subrata Kumar Mitra, ‘Desecularising the State: Religion and Politics in India After Independence’, Comparative Study of Society and History, Vol. 33, 1991.

Chapter 36

1.     Aditya Mukherjee and Mridula Mukherjee, eds., Communalisation of Education, The History Textbook Controversy, Delhi Historians’ Group, 2002, also in Mainstream, Annual Number, 22 December 2001.

2.     Aditya Mukherjee, Mridula Mukherjee and Sucheta Mahajan, RSS, School Texts and the Murder of Mahatma Gandhi: The Hindu Communal Project, New Delhi 2008.

3.     Amartya Sen, The Argumentative Indian: Writings on Indian History, Culture and Identity, London, 2005.

4.     Bipan Chandra, Communalism: A Primer, Anamika, New Delhi, 2004.

5.     Christophe Jaffrelot, The Hindu Nationalist Movement and Indian Politics, 1925 to the 1990s: Strategy of Identity Building, Implantation and Mobilisation with special reference to Central India, London, 1996 (first published as Les nationalists hindoues, Paris, 1993).

6.     Christophe Jaffrelot, ed. The Sangh Parivar: A Reader, New Delhi, 2005.

7.     Communalisation of Education: The Assault on History Press Reportage, Editorials, and Articles, Sahmat, 2002.

8.     Desh Raj Goyal, Rastriya Swayamsevak Sangh, New Delhi, 2000.

9.     Irfan Habib, Suvira Jaiswal and Aditya Mukherjee, History in the New NCERT Textbooks: A Report and Index of Errors, Approved and Published by the Executive Committee, Indian History Congress, Kolkata, 2003.

10. Pralay Kanungo, RSS’s Tryst with Politics: From Hedgewar to Sudarshan, New Delhi, 2002.

11. Report of Commission of Inquiry into Conspiracy to Murder Mahatma Gandhi (Kapur Commission Report), New Delhi, 1970.

12. Romila Thapar, H. Mukhia and B. Chandra, Communalism and the Writing of Indian History, Delhi, 1969.

13. Saffronised and Substantiated: A Critique of the New NCERT Textbooks, Sahmat, 2002.

14. Sucheta Mahajan, Independence and Partition: The Erosion of Colonial Power in India, New Delhi, 2000.

15. The Communal Problem: Report of the Kanpur Riots Enquiry Committee, New Delhi, 2005. First published by Sunderlal, Secretary, Kanpur Riots Enquiry Committee in 1933. This was a Report of the committee appointed by the Indian National Congress (Karachi Session 1931) to enquire into the Kanpur riots of March 1931.

16. Achin, Vanaik, Situating the Threat of Hindu Nationalism: Problem with the Fascist Paradigm, New Delhi, 1994.

Chapter 37

1.     Eleanor Zelliot, From Untouchable to Dalit: Essays on the Ambedkar Movement, New Delhi, 1992.

2.     M.N. Srinivas, The Cohesive Role of Sanskritisation and Other Essays, Delhi, 1989.

3.     Bipan Chandra, et al, India’s Struggle for Independence, 1857–1947, Chapter 18.

4.     Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen, India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity, Delhi, 1995.

5.     V. Suresh, ‘The Dalit Movement in India’, in T.V. Sathyamurthy, Social Change and Political Discourse in India, Vol. 3, Region, Religion, Caste, Gender and Culture in Contemporary India, 1996.

6.     Gail Omvedt, ‘The Anti-Caste Movement and the Discourse of Power’, in ibid.

7.     Gail Omvedt, ‘“We Want the Return of Our Sweat”: The New Peasant Movement in India and the Formation of a New Agricultural Policy’, in Tom Brass, ed., New Farmers’ Movements in India, Ilford, 1995.

8.     Gail Omvedt, Dalits and the Democratic Revolution: Dr Ambedkar and the Dalit Movement in Colonial India, New Delhi, 1994.

9.     M.S. Gore, The Social Content of an Ideology: Ambedkar’s Political and Social Thought, Bombay, 1993.

10. Francine R. Frankel and M.S.A. Rao, eds, Dominance and State Power in Modern India: Decline of a Social Order, Delhi, 1989, 1990.

Chapter 38

1.     Committee on the Status of Women in India, Towards Equality, New Delhi, 1974.

2.     M. Chaudhuri, Indian Women’s Movement, New Delhi, 1993.

3.     Karuna Chanana, ed., Socialisation, Education and Women: Explorations in Gender Identity, New Delhi, 1988.

4.     Radha Kumar, The History of Doing: An Illustrated Account of Movements for Women’s Rights and Feminism in India, 1800–1990, New Delhi, 1993.

5.     Joanna Liddle and Rama Joshi, Daughters of Independence, Delhi, 1986.

6.     Kumkum Sangari and Sudesh Vaid, eds, Recasting Women, Delhi, 1989.

7.     Madhu Kishwar and Ruth Vanita, eds, In Search of Answers: Indian Women’s Voices from Manushi, London, 1984.

8.     Manushi, various issues.

9.     Ramachandra Guha, The Unquiet Woods: Ecological Change and Peasant Resistance in the Himalaya, Delhi, 1989.

10. Rajni Palriwala and Indu Agnihotri, ‘Tradition, the Family and the State: Politics of the Contemporary Women’s Movement’, in T.V. Sathyamurthy, ed., Social Change and Political Discourse in India, Vol. 3. Region, Religion, Caste, Gender and Culture in Contemporary India, Delhi, 1996.

11. Ilina Sen, ‘Women’s Politics in India’, in ibid.

12. Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen, India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity, Delhi, 1995.

Chapter 39

1.     Achin Vanaik, The Painful Transition: Bourgeois Democracy in India, London, 1990.

2.     Aditya Mukherjee, Imperialism, Nationalism and the Making of the Indian Capitalist Class 1920–47, New Delhi, 2002.

3.     Aditya Mukherjee and Mridula Mukherjee, ‘Imperialism and the Growth of Indian Capitalism in the Twentieth Century’, EPW, 12 March 1988.

4.     Atul Kohli, Democracy and Discontent: India’s Crisis of Governability, Cambridge, 1991.

5.     Ernesto Laclau, Politics and Ideology in Marxist Theory, London, 1977.

6.     Francine R. Frankel, India’s Political Economy 1947–77, Delhi.

7.     K.N. Raj, ‘The Politics and Economics of Intermediate Regimes’, EPW, 7 July 1973.

8.     L.I. Rudolph and S.H. Rudolph, In Pursuit of Lakshmi: The Political Economy of the Indian State, Chicago, 1987.

9.     Myron Weiner, Indian Paradox: Essays in Indian Politics, ed., Ashutosh Varshney, New Delhi, 1989.

10. Nicos Poulantzas, Classes in Contemporary Capitalism, London, 1975.

11. Peter Evans, Dependent Development: The Alliance of Local Capital in Brazil, Princeton, 1979.

12. Prabhat Patnaik, ‘Political Strategies of Economic Development’, in Partha Chatterjee, ed., Wages of Freedom: Fifty Years of the Indian Nation-State, Delhi, 1998.

13. Pranab Bardhan, (i) The Political Economy of Development in India, Delhi, 1998 (expanded edition). (ii) ‘Dominant Proprietary Classes and India’s Democracy’ in Atul Kohli, ed., India’s Democracy, Princeton, 1988.

14. Ralph Miliband, Marxism and Politics, Oxford, 1977.

15. Sudipto Mundle, ‘State Characters and Economic Policy’, Social Scientist, May 1974.

16. Ajit Ray, Political Power in India, Calcutta, 1981 edition.

17. B. Berberoghi, Class, State and Development in India, New Delhi, 1992.

Chapter 40 (In addition to books in the General List)

1.     Sudipto Kaviraj, ‘On the Crisis of Political Institutions in India,’ Contributions to Indian Sociology, N.S., Vol.18, No.2, 1984.

2.     Rajni Kothari, (i) ‘The Crisis of the Moderate State and the Decline of Democracy’, in Peter Lyon and James Manor, eds, Transfer and Transformation, Leicester, 1983. (ii) State Against Democracy: In Search of Humane Governance, Delhi, 1988.

3.     C.P. Bhambri, The Indian State: Fifty Years, Delhi, 1997.

4.     Atul Kohli, Democracy and Discontent: India’s Crisis of Governability, Cambridge, 1991.

5.     Myron Weiner, (i) The Indian Paradox: Essays in Indian Politics, Chapter 3, New Delhi, 1988. (ii) ‘The Wounded Tiger: Maintaining India’s Democratic Institutions’, in Peter Lyon and James Manor, eds, Transfer and Transformation, Leicester, 1983.

6.     Henry C. Hart, ‘The Indian Constitution: Political Development and Decay’, Asian Survey, Vol. XX, No. 4, April 1980.

7.     A. Surya Prakash, What Ails Indian Parliament, New Delhi, 1995.

8.     S.C. Kashyap, ‘Parliament: A Mixed Balance Sheet’, in Hiranmay Karlekar, Independent India: The First Fifty Years, Delhi, 1998.

9.     N.S. Saxena, Law and Order in India, New Delhi, 1987.

10. P.C. Alexander, ‘Civil Service: Continuity and Change’, in Hiranmay Karlekar, ed., Independent India: The First Fifty Years, Delhi, 1998.

11. David H. Bayley, ‘The Police and Political Order in India’, Asian Survey, Vol. XXIII, No. 4, April 1983.

12. Indian Police Journal, Special Issue on Police Reforms, Vol. XLVI, No. l, January–March 1999.

13. Stephen P. Cohen, ‘The Military and Indian Democracy’, in Atul Kohli, ed., India’s Democracy: An Analysis of Changing State–Society Relations, Princeton, 1988.

14. Lt. General S.L. Menezes, Fidelity and Honour: The Indian Army from the 17th to 21st Century, New Delhi, 1993.

Chapter 41

1.     Rajni Kothari, (i) Politics in India, Chapter IX, New Delhi, 1970. (ii) Democratic Polity and Social Change in India, Bombay, 1976.

2.     Arend Lipjhart, ‘The Puzzle of Indian Democracy: A Consociational Interpretation,’ American Political Science Review, Vol. 90, No. 2, June 1996.

3.     Daniel Thorner, The Shaping of Modern India, pp. 138–47.

4.     Tarlok Singh, ‘Paths of Social Change in a Period of Transition’, in Upendra Baxi, Alice Jacob and Tarlok Singh, eds, Reconstructing the Republic, New Delhi, 1999.

5.     Atul Kohli, The State and Poverty in India: The Politics of Reform, Cambridge and Bombay, 1987.

6.     Myron Weiner, The Indian Paradox: Essays in Indian Politics, Chapter 12, New Delhi, 1989.

7.     Ghanshyam Shah, ‘Grass-Roots Mobilization in Indian Politics’, in Atul Kohli, ed., India’s Democracy, Princeton, 1988.

8.     Bipan Chandra, (i) ‘Transformation from a Colonial to an Independent Economy: A Case Study of India’, in his Essays on Colonialism, New Delhi, 1999. (ii) ‘India from 1947 to the 1990s and the Real Danger of Foreign Domination: Peripheralization’, in hisEssays on Contemporary India, revised edition, New Delhi, 1999.

9.     Aditya Mukherjee and Mridula Mukherjee, ‘Imperialism and the Growth of Indian Capitalism in the Twentieth Century’, EPW, Vol. XXIII, No. 11, 12 March 1988.

10. V.M. Dandekar and N. Rath, ‘Poverty in India: Dimensions and Trends’, EPW, 2 and 9 January 1971.

11. S.D. Tendulkar, ‘Economic Inequality in an Indian Perspective’, in A. Beteille, ed., Equality and Inequality, Delhi, 1983.

12. Amartya Sen, (i) ‘Indian Development: Lessons and Non-Lessons’, Daedalus, Vol.118, 1989. (ii) ‘How is India Doing’, New York Review of Books, reprinted in Mainstream, 26 January 1983.

13. Amartya Sen, ‘The Doing and Undoing of India’, EPW, 12 February 1983.

14. Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen, India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity, Delhi, 1995.

15. Kirit S. Parekh, ed., India Development Report 1999–2000, New Delhi, 1999.

16. United Nations Development Program, Human Development Report 1999, New Delhi, 1999.

17. Abusaleh Shariff, National Council of Applied Economic Research, India Human Development Report, New Delhi, 1999.

18. Government of India, Ministry of Finance, Economic Survey 1998– 99, New Delhi, 1999.

19. Ashutosh Varshney, ‘The Self-Correcting Mechanisms of Indian Democracy’, Seminar, 425, January 1995.

20. Tapas Majumdar, ‘Education: Uneven Progress, Difficult Choices’, in Hiranmay Karlekar, Independent India: The First Fifty Years, Delhi, 1998.

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