Above: The human face of the shroud with traces of Scripture in Greek and Latin, identified by André Marion and Anne-Laure Courage.
Above: The Shroud of Turin: the pale, indistinct, yellowish image perceived by the naked eye, is changed by photography into a clear, hyper-realistic picture, full of striking detail.
Above: A Matteo Planiso miniature depicting the Creator as a man with two faces. Vatican Apostolic Library, ms Vat. lat 3550, f. 5v.
Above: The Shroud of Turin.
Above: Innocent III wrote a hymn to celebrate the Veronica, a famous image of the Face of Jesus kept in Rome.
Above: Knights of the Temple on a war footing. Miniature from a manuscript from the 13th century with the Cantigas of King Alfonso the Wise.
Above: The so-called “belt of blood” on the Shroud.
Above: A shroud with the exact kind of holes the Shroud of Turin has is represented in a miniature of the striking Pray manuscript.
Above: From the earliest days, Christians used to keep portraits of Jesus. This icon was preserved by the monastery of Saint Catherine on Mount Sinai. Even a layman can tell that they are drawn from realistic portraits.
Above: A jar-like object (the same type found at Qumran) was the first container of the shroud, according to a reconstruction made by Aldo Guerreschi and Michele Salcito.
Above: Miniature from a manuscript depicting the Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII receiving the holy mandylion on his arrival from Edessa.
Above: Byzantine miniature of the 12th century manuscript Rossiano Greco 251 of the Vatican Library.