Military history

- Chapter 35 -

Tank Identification

Light Armoured Vehicles

SOVIET ARMORED VEHICLE: T 60

Weight: 5.5 t

Armor: Hull and superstructure

Bow - 20 mm / Driver’s side - 20 mm / Side - 15 mm

Rear - 10-13 mm / Roof - 10 mm / Floor - 7-10 mm

Armor: Turret

Shield - 15 mm / Front - 15 mm / Side - 15 mm

Rear - 15 mm / Roof - 7 mm

Weaponry: 1 20mm mechanized cannon, 1 machine gun.

Crew: 2

Dimensions: 4.00 m long, 2.35 m wide, 1.80 m high

All terrain capability: Ascends 0.55 m, crosses 1.40 m,

Ground clearance: 0.30 m

Range: Road 615 km, terrain 315 km

Speed: 44 km/h

Features: Uses the same running gear and drive line as the T 40 and differs from it in appearance only in the shape of the upper armor case and the missing propeller drive in the rear.

Use: Light armored vehicle for battle reconnaissance, usually comprise the (3.) light company of an armored detachment

Evaluation: Very small and light armored vehicle of most recent production, (used since Nov. 1941), weak armor, minimal combat use. Has mechanical limitations.

SOVIET ARMORED VEHICLE: T 70

Weight: 9.2 t

Armor: Hull and superstructure

Bow - 45 mm / Driver’s front - 35 mm / Side - 16 mm

Rear - 25 mm / Roof - 10 mm / Floor - 10 mm

Armor: Turret

Shield - 60 mm / Front - 35 mm / Side - 35 mm

Rear - 35 mm / Roof - 10 mm

Weaponry: 1 45mm mechanized cannon, L/46, 1 machine gun, 1 machine pistol.

Crew: 2

Dimensions: 4.29 m long, 2.33 m wide, 2 m high

All terrain capability: Ascends 0.65 m, crosses 1.80 m, fords 0.90 m

Range: Road 450 km, terrain 300 km

Speed: 45 km/h

Indentifying features: Outer appearance similar to the T 60, but longer and more imposing stance. Has 5 rollers and a sharply protruding mantlet for cylindrical mount.

Use: Light armored vehicle for battle reconnaissance, usually comprise the (3.) light company of an armored, detachment.

Evaluation: Light armored vehicle of most recent production.(In use since summer of 1942)

SOVIET ARMORED VEHICLE: T 27

(Series denomination T 27 A, small armored vehicle, “tankette”, armored tractor)

Weight: 1.7 up to 2.7 t

Armor: 4 up to 10 mm

Weaponry: 1 machine gun

Crew: 2

Dimensions: 2.60 m long, 1.80 m wide, 1.45 m high

All terrain capability: ascends 0.50 m, crosses 1.30 m, fords 0.70 m

Ground clearance: 0.34 m

Range: Road 110 km, terrain 60 km

Speed: 40 km/h

Indentifying features: Low, boxlike armored vehicle, appears almost as wide as long.

Use: Originally intended as armored reconnaissance vehicle it was soon proven to be useless and is now - usually unarmed - used only as an armored artillery tractor.

Evaluation: Useless as an armored vehicle. Only limited use as a tractor (weak motor).

SOVIET 3 AND 5 TON AMPHIBIOUS ARMORED VEHICLES: T37, T38 AND T40

Indentifying features: Low, flat, boxlike construction. Propeller drive in the rear.

Use: Light armored vehicle for combat reconnaissance and attack with infantry. Also used commonly when the crossing of rivers is not expected.

In terms of overall battle formation amphibious armored vehicles were deployed in large numbers within the Soviet-Russian armored force.

Evaluation: Weak armor and weaponry, only limited combat use, easy to defeat. In light of the few existing bridges in the East, this vehicle’s amphibious capability can prove an advantage. T 37 and T 38 are obsolete pre-war designs.

T 37 and T 38

Weight: 3.2 t

Armor: turret. Bow, Armor case 10 mm, otherwise 4 to 6 mm

Weaponry: 1 machine gun (T 38 occasionally has heavier weapons)

Crew: 2

Dimensions: 3.75 m long, 2.00 m wide, 1.80 m high

Ground clearance: 0.30 m

Range: Road 185 km, terrain 115 km

T 40

Weight: 5.5 t

Armor: 10-14 mm, turret, bow, armor case otherwise 6 mm

Weaponry: 1 extra heavy machine gun, 1 machine gun

Crew: 2

Dimensions: 4.10 m long, 2.35 m wide, 1.95 m high

Ground clearance: 0.34 m

Range: Road 360 km, terrain 185 km

All terrain capability: ascends 0.60 m, crosses 1.70 m, floats

Speed: on land 45 km/h, in the water 5-10 km/h

SOVIET ARMORED VEHICLE: T 26

Series Denomination: T 26 A, T 26 B, T 26 C

Various turret shapes: Left Series A (2 turrets), centre Series B, right Series C

Weight: 9.5 t

Armor: Bow and driver’s front - 16 mm, Turret - 16 mm, Side - 16 mm, Rear - 16 mm

Weaponry: 1 45mm mechanized cannon, 2-3 machine guns

Crew: 3

Dimensions: 4.60 m long, 2.45 m wide, 2.65 m high

All terrain capability: ascends 0.80 m, crosses 2.20 m, fords 0.80 m

Ground clearance: 0.37 m

Range: Road 350 km, terrain 175 km

Speed: 30 km/h

Indentifying features: Rear of turret on versions B and C cantilevers far out. Low type of construction, descending towards the rear.

Use: Formerly a common light Soviet-Russian armored vehicle used in attack (in conjunction with infantry). After heavy losses in the summer of 1941 it is only rarely seen.

Evaluation: Weak armor. Good weaponry. Weak engine, slow speed. Obsolete pre-war design that is easy to defeat. Further production likely ceased.

T 26 B with flamethrowing device. On the left is Version 1 which is more common than Version 2 on the right.

SOVIET FLAMETHROWER ARMORED VEHICLE:

T 26 B WITH FLAMETHROWING DEVICE

Weaponry: Flamethrowing device (400 liters of flame oil), 1 machine gun.

Crew: 3

Indentifying features: Wide box-shaped container on the front of the turret with two openings, one for the machine gun, one for the flame bucket.

Use: Light armored vehicle for attack with infantry support, especially onto fortified positions. In terms of battle formations intended for use in larger numbers, yet use is comparatively rare.

Evaluation: Characteristics same as light armored vehicle. T 26, limited tactical value.

BT 7.

SOVIET ARMORED VEHICLE:

CHRISTIE ARMORED VEHICLE BT 1-7

(Various Series)

“BT” - Bystrochodni tank: a fast armored vehicle

Weight: 12.2 up to 13.7t (varies by series)

Armor: Bow and driver’s front - 13-22 mm , Turret - 15 mm, Side - 13 mm, Rear - 13 mm

Weaponry: 1 45 mm mechanized cannon on wheels 70 km/h, 1 machine gun. (Some have additional machine gun in rear of turret - BT 7 sometimes has short 76.2mm motorized cannon )

Crew: 3

Dimensions: 5.80 m long, 2.30 m wide, 2.40 m high

All terrain capability: ascends 0.75 m, crosses 2.10 m, fords 1 m

Ground clearance: 0.36 m

Range: on tracks 430 km, on wheels 570 km

Speed: on tracks 50 km/h

Indentifying features: Large roadwheels (Christie system), flat construction, pointed towards the front (shape of turret changed frequently). The BT 7 armored vehicle equipped with the 7.62 cm motorized cannon is very similar in appearance to the somewhat wider and heavily armored T 34. It is often confused with the T 34. Differences to the T 34 see there.

Use: Light armored vehicle on wheels (rare) for tactical and operational reconnaissance. On tracks (almost always), used for attack with infantry support. Was used in the Soviet-Russian tank corps in large numbers, together with the T 26 originally about 3/4 of all armored vehicles. Only rarely seen now.

Evaluation: Fast, light armored vehicle with good pickup, however armor is insufficient. Production likely ceased.

US ARMORED VEHICLE: M3 GENERAL STUART

Light armored Vvehicle of American origin, the use of which can be counted on in the Soviet-Russian theatre of war

Armor: Hull and superstructure

Bow (cast) - 50 mm / Driver’s front - 38 mm / Side - 25 mm

Rear - 25 mm / Roof - 10 mm / Floor - 10 mm

Armor: Turret

Shield (cast) - 43 mm / Front - 55 mm / Side - 32 mm

Rear - 32 mm / Roof - 12 mm

Weight: 13 t

Weaponry: 1 37mm mechanized cannon

Crew: 4

Dimensions: 4.46 m long, 2.46 m wide, 2.65 m high

All terrain capability: ascends 0.65 m, crosses 1.80 m, fords 1.10m

Ground clearance: 0.42 m

Range: 160 km

Speed: 56 km/h

Indentifying features: Short, high construction. The front drive wheel is star shaped. Three different turret shapes:

a) round, without commander’s cupola elevated

b) round with commander’s cupola elevated

c) angular, with commander’s cupola elevated

Guard for tracks on the side only on version for the tropics.

Use: Light armored vehicle for tactical and operational reconnaissance.

Evaluation: Fast, light and agile armored vehicle with good pickup. A lot of wear on the tracks.medium armoured vehicles

Medium Armoured Vehicles

SOVIET ARMORED VEHICLE: T 34

Series Denomination: T 34 A, T 34 B, T 34 B with cast turret

For the newest version, the driver’s front is to be reinforced to a strength of 100 mm.

Weight: 26.3 t

Armor: T 34 A

Hull and superstructure

Bow - 45 mm / Driver’s front - 45 mm / Side - 40-45 mm

Rear - 40 mm / Roof - 18-22 mm / Floor - 14 mm

Turret

Shield - 45+25 mm / Front - 45 mm / Side - 45 mm

Rear - 40-45 mm / Roof - 16 mm

Armor: T 34 B

Hull and superstructure

Bow - 45 mm / Driver’s front - 45+15 mm / Side - 45 mm

Rear - 45 mm / Roof - 18-22 mm / Floor - 14 mm

Turret

Shield - 45+25 mm / Front - 45+17 mm / Side - 45+17 mm

Rear - 45 mm / Roof - 16 mm

Armor: T 34 B with cast turret

Hull and superstructure

Bow - 45 mm / Driver’s front - 45+15 mm / Side - 45 mm

Rear - 45 mm / Roof - 18-22 mm / Floor - 14 mm

Turret

Shield - 45+25 mm / Front - 60-70 mm / Side - 60-70 mm

Rear - 60-70 mm / Floor - 20 mm

Weaponry: 1 motorized cannon 7.62 cm, 2 machine guns

Dimensions: 5.90 m long, 3.00 m wide, 2.45 m high

Crew: 4

All terrain capability: ascends 0.90 m, crosses 3.00 m, fords 1.10 m

Ground clearance: 0.38 m

Range: Road 450 km, Terrain 260 km

Speed: 50 km/h

Indentifying features: Flat construction, angled bow, Christie-running gear (road wheels). Lead vehicles with longer 76.2mm mechanized cannon L/41.5, all other vehicles equipped with shorter mechanized cannon L/30.5.

Features that are different on T 34 as opposed to BT 7, which has a similar appearance:

T 34

Bow plate: Round edges, upper bow plate including driver’s front at shallow angle (30˚ incline from horizontal)

Armor case: Angled surfaces

Turret shape: Round edges, angled shape

Running gear: 5 road wheels

BT 7

Bow-plate: Sharp edges, steep, separate from driver’s front.

Armor case: Steep surfaces

Turret shape: Steep side, sharp edges

Running gear: 4 road wheels

In general, the T 34 has a more imposing and streamlined appearance.

Use: Most important armored vehicle for armored attack.

Evaluation: By far the best and most practical Soviet-Russian armored vehicle. Fast, agile, very powerful weaponry and strong armor. Most difficult to combat of all Soviet-Russian designs, due to its very beneficial construction (incline from horizontal is 30˚ at bow-plate, 40˚-45˚ at rear plate, 50˚ at armor case sides).

US ARMORED VEHICLE: M4 GENERAL SHERMAN

Weight: circa 31 t

Armor: Hull and superstructure

Bow - 55 mm / Driver’s front - 65 mm / Side - 26-39 mm

Rear - 26-60 mm / Roof - 13-26 mm / Floor - 14-18 mm

Armor: Turret

Shield - 244 mm / Front - 85 mm / Side - 85 mm

Rear - 85 mm / Roof - 30 mm

Weaponry: 1 75mm mechanized cannon, 1 machine gun in rotating turret, 1 anti-aircraft machine gun, 1 machine gun in bow

Crew: 5

Dimensions: 5.65 m long, 2.75 m wide, 2.75 m high

All terrain capability: ascends 0.70 m, crosses 2.20 m, fords 1.28 m

Ground clearance: 0.38 m

Range: Road surface 300 km, terrain 160 km

Speed: 36 km/h

Identifying features: Stocky appearance, rounded off design on all sides.

Use: Most important USA armored vehicle for armored attack and infantry support.

Evaluation: Most practical USA armored vehicle. Fast, agile, heavy armor and powerful weaponry.

US ARMORED VEHICLE: M3 GENERAL LEE I, GENERAL LEE

Weight: 28 t

Armor: Hull and superstructure

Bow - 65 mm / Driver’s front - 50 mm / Side - 38 mm

Rear - 26-38 mm / Roof - 14 mm / Floor - 14-18 mm

Armor: Turret

Shield - 55 mm / Front - 88 mm / Side - 50-60 mm

Rear - 50 mm / Roof - 30 mm

Weaponry: 1 75mm mechanized cannon L/31 mounted in bay on one side, 1 37mm mechanized cannon L/56.6 + 1 machine gun in rotating turret, 1 anti-aircraft machine gun mounted in rotating turret-top, 2 machine guns fixed in bow.

Crew: 7

Dimensions: 5.65 m long, 2.75 m wide, 3.05 m high

All terrain capability: ascends 0.70 m, crosses 2.20 m, fords 1.28 m

Ground clearance: 0.38m

Range: Road surface 300 km, Terrain 160 km

Speed: 0.38 m

“General Lee II” has cast upper part of armor case. Specifications same as “Lee I”. Chassis and superstructure the same as armored vehicle M 3 “General lee I”. Turret without rotating top and cantilevered rear. “General Grant II” has a cast upper armor case. Specifications same as “Lee I”, but lower, 2.75 m high.

Identifying features: Elevated construction with bay-like bumpout on the side. Strong weaponry. The front drive wheel has a star-like shape.

30-TON ARMORED VEHICLE M 3 (CANADIAN)

Another version of the M 3 manufactured in Canada is the armored vehicle “Ram”. It is manufactured of cast armor and features no side bump-out.

Weaponry: “Ram I” 1 40mm mechanized cannon L/52, 2 machine guns, “Ram II” 1 57mm mechanized cannon L/45, 2 machine guns

US ARMORED VEHICLE: M3 “GENERAL GRANT I”

Use: Armored vehicle for armored attack and infantry support.

Evaluation: Comparatively fast and maneuverable armored vehicle with high firepower

The armored vehicle M 3’s chassis is also used as a self-propelled assault gun with 105mm caliber cannon.

ENGLISH ARMORED PURSUIT VEHICLE: Mk II “MATILDA”

Weight: 26 t

Armor: Hull and superstructure

Bow - 75-80 mm / Driver’s front - 80 mm / Side - 65-70 mm

Rear - 55 mm / Roof - 16-23 mm / Floor - 14 mm

Armor: Turret

Shield - 80mm / Front - 75-80mm / Side - 77mm

Rear - 70mm / Floor - 20mm

Weaponry: Matilda III C.S. (close support) 1 76.2 mechanized cannon. L/26.5, 1 machine gun, 2 smoke pistols. Matilda I, II, III - 1 40iinm mechanized cannon L/52, 1 machine gun, 2 smoke pistols

Crew: 4

Dimensions: 6.00 m long, 2.55 m wide, 2.50 m high

All terrain capability: ascends 0.60 m, crosses 1.80 m, fords 0.80 m

Ground clearance: 0.33 m

Range: Road surface 100 km. Terrain 60 km

Speed: 23 km/h

Identifying features: Angled sides on turret, round edges (cast steel), strong armor on running gear with large; cavities (service openings).

Use: Armored vehicle for infantry support in an attack.

Evaluation: Heavily armored and especially difficult to combat from the side. Tactically slow and cumbersome. Not suitable for operational use.

English armored pursuit vehicle:

Mk III “VALENTINE”

Weight: 16 t

Armor: Hull and superstructure

Bow - 60 mm / Driver’s front - 60 mm / Side - 60 mm

Rear - 16-60 mm / Roof - 10-30 mm / Floor - 8-20 mm

Armor: Turret

Shield - 26 mm / Front - 65 mm / Side - 60 mm

Rear - 45-60 mm / Floor - 16-20 mm

Weaponry: 1 40mm mechanized cannon L/52, 1 machine gun, 1 smoke pistol

Crew: 3

Dimensions: 5.45 m long, 2.75m wide, 2.25 m high

All terrain capability: ascends 0.70 m, crosses 2.40 m, fords 1.20 m

Ground clearance: 0.42 m

Range: Road surface 150 km, terrain 103 km

Speed: circa 30 km/h

Identifying features: Round turret with vertical sides, running-gear armor ( as opposed to Mk II) is missing.

Use: Same as Mark II

Evaluation: Lighter than Mk II, but faster and more maneuverable.

SOVIET ARMORED VEHICLE: 30-TON T28

Weight: 28 to 32 t

Armor T 28:

Bow and driver’s front - 30 mm / Turrets - 23 mm

Side - 20+7 mm / Rear - 20 mm

Weaponry: 1 76.2mm mechanized cannon (L/16.5 or L/24), 3 machine guns,(some have additional rear machine gun and anti- aircraft machine gun).

Armor T 28 (reinforced):

Bow and driver’s front - 38-52 mm / Turrets - 53 mm

Side - 48+7 mm / Rear - 52 mm

Crew: 6

Dimensions: 7.25 m long, 2.80 m wide, 2.75 m high

All terrain capability: ascends 0.90 m, crosses 3 m, fords 0.80 m

Ground clearance: 0.43 m

Range: 180 km

Speed: 35 km/h

Identifying features: Noticeably large (longer than KV II 52 t), 3 turrets = 1 main turret with mechanized cannon, 2 side turrets with machine guns, armored running gear.

Use: The T 28 was the main medium pre-war-tank for support of light armored vehicles in an attack.

Evaluation: Obsolete design with numerous mechanical defects, (down time). Slow and difficult to maneuver. Comparatively weak armor for its size, easy to combat. No longer in production. Already mainly used only as an armored artillery tractor.Soviet 44-Ton Armored vehicle KV I

Heavy Armoured Vehicles

SOVIET 44-TON ARMORED VEHICLE KV I

Series denomination: KW I A, KW I B, KW I C, KW I S, KW 8

(“KV” = Klim Voroschilov)

Misleading classification: “52t KV”

Weight: 43.5 t

Armor KV I A

Hull and superstructure

Bow - 5 mm / Driver’s front - 75 mm / Side - 75 mm

Rear - 75 mm / Roof - 35 mm / Floor - 35 mm

Turret

Shield - 60+25 mm / Front - 75+25 mm / Side - 75mm

Rear - 75mm / Roof - 35mm

Armor KV II B (reinforced)

Hull and superstructure

Bow - 75+25-35 mm / Driver’s front 75+25-35 mm

Side - 75, sometimes 75+35 mm / Rear - 75 mm

Roof - 35 mm / Floor - 35 mm

Turret

Shield - 100 mm / Front - 75+35 mm / Side - 75+30 mm

Rear - 75mm / Roof - 35mm

Armor: KV I C

Hull and superstructure

Bow - 75+25-35 mm / Driver’s front - 75+25-35 mm

Side - 90 mm, sometimes 90 + 40 mm / Rear - 75 mm

Roof - 40 mm

Turret (cast)

Shield - 105 mm (rolled steel) / Front - 120 mm

Side - 120 mm / Rear - 120 mm

Roof - 40 mm

Weaponry: 1 76.2mm mechanized cannon L/30.2, 2 to 3 machine guns

Crew: 5

Dimensions: 6.80 m long, 3.35 m wide, 2.75 m high

All terrain capability: Ascends 0.90 m, Crosses 2.80 m, Cords 1.45 m

Ground clearance: 0.52 m

Range: Road 335 km, Terrain 200 km

Speed: 35 km/h

The KV I S is a new version of this armored vehicle, featuring reinforced armor, and a motorized cannon 7.62 cm L/41.5.

The KV 8 armored vehicle is equipped with a flamethrower and a motorized cannon 4.5 cm as well as 4 machine guns.

Identifying features: Comparatively small for its size, sleek shape, rear of turret cantilevers far out, (as opposed to KV II 52 t). Additional armor bolted onto turret and chassis as identified by large hex bolts. Armor welded on in places of weaponry impact, only visible from up close.

Use: Armored vehicle used for fire support in an armored attack. Deployment similar to that of a self-propelled assault gun.

Evaluation: Armored vehicle with heavy armor and weaponry little operational use. May force results in the course of trench-warfare. Especially version B and C is difficult to combat.

US ARMORED VEHICLE: 60-TON M1 “DREADNOUGHT”

Weight: circa 57 t

Crew: 6 – 7

Dimensions: circa 7.00 m long, circa 3.10m wide, circa 3.35m high.

All terrain capability: ascends circa 1.50 m, crosses 3.30 m, fords 1.20 m

Ground clearance: circa 0.50 m

Range: 220 km

Speed: ca. 30 km/h

Armor: 75-200 mm

Weaponry: 1 105mm long mechanized cannon in turret, 2 37mm mechanized cannons, L/56.5 in driver’s front, 2 side machine guns and 2 machine guns

Identifying features: Stretched out vehicle with armored running gear.

Use: Heavy armored vehicle for breakthrough and infantry support during an attack.

Evaluation: Heavy armor and difficult to combat.

SOVIET ARMORED VEHICLE: KV II

(“KV” with 15.2 cm motorized howitzer)

Erroneously named “58t”, “64t”, “58t”, “64t”, “70t”, etc.

Weight: 52 t

Crew: 6 – 7

Dimensions: 6.80m long, (incl. weapon 7.20m), 3.35m wide, 3.30m high.

All terrain capability: ascends 0.90 m, crosses 2.80 m, fords 1.45 m. (Can only pass over bridges of high weight rating)

Ground clearance: 0.52 m

Range: Road 280 km, terrain 170 km

Speed: 30 km/h

Armor:

Bow and driver’s front - 75 mm / Turret, rolled steel - 75 mm

Side - 75 mm / Rear - 75 mm

Weaponry: 1 152Mm mechanized howitzer, 1-2 machine guns. Sometimes additional machine gun in rear.

Identifying features: Steep, cube-shaped turret case, high overall height, heavy weaponry (howitzer!) Tank chassis, hull and running gear are the same as KV 1 44 t.

Use: Heavy armored vehicle used for fire support in an armored attack. Deployment similar to that of a self-propelled assault gun. Now only rarely seen.

Evaluation: Heavy armor. Very substantial firepower, however limited maneuverability. Useful in trench warfare. Even according to Soviet-Russian evaluation the over-burdened chassis was not satisfactory.

SOVIET HEAVY ARMORED VEHICLE: 45 TON ARMORED VEHICLE T 35

T35 A (TP, BS, S II, M II, T 32 older model, AV T 35 A-B-C different versions)

Weight: 45 t

Armor:

Bow and driver’s front - 30 mm / Turrets - 20-25 mm

Side - 23+11 mm / Rear - 22-27 mm

Weaponry: 1 76.2mm mechanized cannon L/16.5 or L/24, 2 45mm mechanized cannon, 6-7 machine guns.

Crew: 5

Dimensions: 9.60m long, 3.20m wide, 3.50 high

All terrain capability: ascends 1.30 m, crosses 4.75 m, fords 1.25 m

Ground clearance: 0.58 m

Range: Road 150 km

Speed: 30 km/h

SOVIET HEAVY ARMORED VEHICLE: T35 C

Weight: 45 t

Armor: up to 60 mm

Weaponry: 1 76.2mm mechanized cannon, 1 45mm mechanized cannon, 2-3 machine guns

Crew: 6

Dimensions: 9.60 m long, 3.20m wide, 3.50 m high

All terrain capability: ascends 1.30 m, crosses 4.75 m, fords 1.25m

Ground clearance: 0.58 m

Range: Road 150 km

Speed: 30 km/h

Identifying features: Production varies widely. Number of turret varies by series.

T 35 A: 5 turrets, (1 main, 4 side turrets).

T 35 C: 2 turrets, some have armored running gear.

Use: Heavy armored vehicle for armored attack with infantry support.

Evaluation: Obsolete design, big, cumbersome, limited maneuverability. Especially the T 35 A has little combat use in spite of its number of turrets. Both versions are no longer made and will only rarely be seen.

ENGLISH HEAVY INFANTRY-ARMORED VEHICLE

ARMORED PURSUIT VEHICLE 40-TON Mk IV “CHURCHILL I/II”

Weight: approximately 38 t

Armor: Hull and superstructure

Bow - 38-75mmm / Driver’s front - 88+14 - some 88+88mm

Side - 14+38 up to 14+64mm / Rear - 28-50mm

Floor - 16mm / Top - 16-20mm

Armor: Turret

Shield - 100m / Front - 100mm / Side - 100mm

Rear - 100mm / Roof - 40-50mm

Weaponry: Churchill I - In turret: 1 40mm mechanized cannon L752, 1 machine gun, 1 anti-aircraft machine gun, 1 smoke pistol. In driver’s front:1 76.2mm mechanized cannon L/26.5, 2 machine pistols

Weaponry: Churchill II - In turret: same as Churchill I. In driver’s front: 1 machine gun, 1 flamethrower, fixed, 2 machine pistols

Crew: 5

Dimensions: Churchill I 7.10m long. Churchill II, 7.60m long, 3.25 m wide, 2.65 m high.

All terrain capability: ascends 1.13m, crosses 2.80m, fords up to 2.40m

Ground clearance: 0.51m

Driving Range: Road 260 km. Terrain 80 km

Speed: 26 km/h

Identifying features: Flat, stretched construction. Unprotected running gear. Rounded off shape of turret

Use: Heavy armored vehicle used for infantry support during an attack.

Evaluation: Heavy armor and difficult to combat. Slow tactical effect and cumbersome. Not suitable for operational use.

English heavy infantry-armored vehicle

ARMORED PURSUIT VEHICLE 40t Mk IV “CHURCHILL III”

Weight: approximately 38t

Armor: Hull and superstructure

Bow - 38-75mm / Driver’s front 88+14 - some 88+88mm

Side - 14+38 up to 14+64mm / Rear - 28-50mm

Roof - 16-20mm / Floor - 16mm

Turret

Shield - 55 mm / Front - 88 mm / Side - 75-88 mm

Rear - 75 mm / Roof - 20 mm

Weaponry: Churchill III - In turret: 1 57mm mechanized cannon L/45, 1 machine gun, 1 anti-aircraft-machine gun, 1 smoke pistol. In driver’s front: 1 machine gun, 2 machine pistols

Crew: 5

Dimensions: 7.10mlong, 3.25m wide, 2.65m high

All terrain capability: ascends 1.13m, crosses 2.80m, fords 2.40m.

Ground clearance: 0.51 m

Range: Road 260 km, Terrain 80 km

Speed: 26 km/h

Identifying features: Flat, stretched out design. Unprotected running gear. Angular shape of turret.

Use: Heavy armored vehicle used for infantry support during an attack.

Evaluation: Heavy armor and difficult to combat. Slow tactical effect and cumbersome. Not suitable for operational use.

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