CHAPTER FOUR

THE FLAVIANS, A.D. 69ñ96

Vespasian, A.D. 69ñ79

A.D. 69ñ71: Sole reign (with Titus and Domitian, as Caesars)

A.D. 71ñ79: Sole reign (with Titus as Imperator; Domitian, as Caesar)

HUSBAND OF DOMITILLA THE ELDER

FATHER OF TITUS, DOMITIAN, AND DOMITILLA THE YOUNGER

GRANDFATHER OF JULIA TITI

GREAT-GRANDFATHER OF VESPASIAN JUNIOR

Examples of obverse inscriptions:

Augustus:

CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG

 

IMP CAES VESP AVG P M

 

IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS III (or V) (CENS)

 

IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III

 

IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III

 

IMP CAESAR (AVG) VESPASIANVS

 

IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS V CENS

 

IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P P

 

IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN(VS) AVG

 

IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG (P M) TR P

 

IMP VESP(ASIAN) AVG

Deified:

DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIAN(VS)

Note: Many other inscriptions are recorded, especially for Vespasianís ?s coinages.

The values are estimates for conservatively graded, essentially problem-free coins. Defects or merits will alter prices, often significantly. Dashes (ó) indicate values which cannot be accurately determined (at the high end) or which are negligible (at the low end). Coins with the same value range are not always equally valuable, for they may represent different ends of the same spectrum.

Vespasian (as Governor of Judaea)

F

VF

chVF

892

Æ24 of Sepphoris in Judaea, under Nero, 67/8. obv EΓII OYECFIACIANOY EIPHNOΓIOΛI NEPΩNIA(C) CEΓI(W or ΩP), cauduceus betw. crossed cornucopias rev L ∆I (yr. 14=67/8) NEPΩNO KΛAY∆IOY KAICAPOC in wreath. RPC 4849. Hendin 586. Note: The obverse inscription names Vespasian. The city itself is named ëNeroniasí in honor of Nero, and is also referred to as the ëcity of peaceí (Irenopolis).

200ñ300

400ñ600

1000ñ2000

893

Æl7ñ20, ó. As prev., but obv type is a large SC. RPC 4850. Hendin 587.

250ñ350

500ñ800

1200ñ2200

894

Æ21 of Caesarea Maratima, óobv NEPWN CEB KAICAP, laur. hd. r. of Nero rev EΓII OYEΣΓIAΣIANOY KAIΣAPE(WN) L ∆I (yr. 14=67/8) in wreath. RPC 4865.

250ñ350

500ñ800

1200ñ2200

A wide variety of busts occur. Except where noted, busts are right-facing, laureate or bare-headed, often draped and/or cuirassed, or with drapery at far shoulder or a globe at tip of bust.

Vespasian (as Augustus)

F

VF

EF

895

AV Aureus

1000ñ1500

1750ñ2250

4000ñ6000

896

ó rev No inscr., palm tree betw. Vespasian, stg. at 1., hldg. spear and sword, foot on globe, and mourning Jewess, std. at r. RIC 41a,53. Hendin 762.

2,500ñ3,500

5000ñ8000

18,000ñ25,000

897

ó rev CAESAR AVG F COS CAESAR AVG F PR, confr. hds. of Titus and Domitian. RIC 2. Note: This honors Vespasianís sons as Caesars and heirs (with Titus as consul and Domitian as praetor).

2000ñ3500

5000ñ8000

15,000ñ25,000

898

ó rev DE IVDAEIS, trophy of arms. RIC 301. Hendin 769.

1800ñ2500

3500ñ7000

12,000ñ20,000

899

ó rev IVDAEA below mourning Jewess std. r., sometimes with hands bound, at base of trophy or palm tree. RIC 15ñ6,287. Hendin 758,60.

2000ñ3500

5000ñ8000

15,000ñ25,000

900

ó rev SPQR in oak wreath. RIC 66. Note: The inscription is sometimes longer.

1250ñ1750

2000ñ3000

5000ñ8000

901

ó rev TRIVMP AVG below triumphal procession of Vespasian and Victory in quadriga, accompanied by trumpeter, soldier and bound captive. RIC 294. Hendin 768.

4000ñ6000

12,000ñ18,000

30,000ñ50,000

902

ó rev VESTA above round Shrine of Vesta with four columns, domed roof and staircase at entry, decorated with three statues. RIC 59ff. Note: This celebrates the dedication of the shrine on the Palatine Hill, which had burned in the fire of 64.

1250ñ1750

2000ñ3000

5000ñ8000

903

AV Quinarius

1500ñ25 00

3500ñ5000

8000ñ12,000

904

AR Denarius

30ñ50

70ñ100

150ñ200

905

ó rev No inscr., Vespasian r. in triumphal quadriga. RIC 363. Hendin 765.

50ñ75

150ñ200

400ñ600

906

ó As 896. RIC 363. Hendin 763.

70ñ100

250ñ350

500ñ800

907

ó rev AVG in wreath. RIC 31 Iff.

50ñ75

100ñ150

300ñ400

908

ó As 897. RIC 2. Note: When struck at an eastern mint, this type is inscribed LIBERI IMP AVG VES-PAS (RIC 313ff).

150ñ200

300ñ400

ó

909

ó rev CONSEN(SVS) EXERCIT(VS), two soldiers stg., each hldg. a legionary eagle, clasping hands. RIC 259ff.

30ñ50

80ñ120

250ñ350

910

ó rev IMP XIX, sow stg. r. with three young. RIC 109.

30ñ50

80ñ120

300ñ400

911

ó rev IMPER, Vespasian on horseback r. RIC 271.

50ñ75

150ñ200

400ñ600

912

ó As 899 (with trophy). RIC 15ff. Hendin 759. Note: This reverse is also known for Vitellius and Domitian (Hendin 755, 796), but both are fourré and seemingly unique.

70ñ100

150ñ200

250ñ350

913

ó As 899 (with palm tree). RIC 287. Hendin 761.

70ñ100

200ñ300

400ñ600

914

ó rev IVDAEA DEVICTA, mourning Judaea stg. l., hands bound, palm tree behind. RIC 290. Hendin 770. Note: This issue usually is fourr??.

80ñ120

250ñ350

500ñ800

915

ó rev PACI ORB TERR AVG, hd. r. or 1. of towered female. RIC 317ñ8ff.

50ñ75

100ñ150

400ñ600

916

ó As 900. RIC 57,66. Note: The inscription is sometimes longer.

50ñ75

150ñ200

400ñ600

917

ó rev TR POT X COS VIIII, capricorn r., hldg. globe and rudder. RIC 117ñ8.

30ñ50

80ñ120

200ñ300

918

ó older, worn denarii countermarked IMP.VES. Note: Though usually limited to denarii, these countermarks sometimes occur on cistophori, etc. They seem to have been applied at Ephesus in the 70s A.D.

150ñ250

ó

ó

919

AR Quinarius

150ñ200

400ñ600

1000ñ1500

Vespasian (as Augustus)

F

VF

chVF

920

Æ Sestertius

50ñ75

250ñ350

1000ñ1500

921

ó rev CAES AVG F DES(IG) IMP AVG F COS DES(IG) ITER SC, Titus, hldg. spear and sword, and Domitian, hldg. spear, stg. facing each other. RIC 413ñ4.

100ñ150

400ñ600

1500ñ2000

922

ó rev DEVICTA IVDAEA SC, Victory stg. r., foot on helmet, inscr. SPQR on shield attached to palm tree, mourning Jewess std. to r. RIC 419. Hendin 776.

900ñ1200

2,500ñ3,500

7000ñ10,000

923

ó rev HONOS ET VIRTVS, Honos, hldg. scepter and cornucopia, and Virtus, hldg. spear and sword, stg. facing one another. RIC 423.

100ñ150

400ñ600

1500ñ2000

924

ó rev IVDAEA CAPTA SC, palm tree betw. mourning Jewess std. at r. and Jew stg. at 1., hands bound, sometimes looking back; arms and armor about. RIC 424ñ6. Hendin 773. Note: Sometimes their positions are reversed (Hendin 774). On rare occasions the inscription is arranged CAPTA IVDAEA SC.

400ñ600

1250ñ1750

4000ñ6000

925

ó As prev., but in place of Jew is Vespasian, stg. r., hldg. spear and sword. RIC 427,733. Hendin 775.

400ñ600

1250ñ1750

4000ñ6000

926

ó rev ROMA SC, Roma, resting hd. on r. hand and hldg. sword, std. 1. on the seven hills of Rome; with she-wolf and twins and fig. of Tiberis. RIC 442.

500ñ800

1250ñ1750

4000ñ6000

927

ó rev ROMA RESVRGE(N)S SC, Vespasian stg. 1., raising kneeling fig. of Roma, presented by Min-erva. RIC 407ff. Note: A similar type has the inscription LIBERTAS REST1TVTA (RIC 430).

500ñ800

1500ñ2000

4000ñ6000

928

ó rev SC or COS III (SC), Vespasian r. in triunv phal quadriga. RIC 45Iff.

150ñ200

500ñ800

1750ñ2250

929

ó rev SC, Vespasian on horseback r., spearing fallen foe. RIC 523.

150ñ200

500ñ800

2000ñ3000

930

ó rev SC, palm tree. RIC 454.

ó

ó

ó

931

ó rev SC, tetrastyle temple of Isis (Iseum) with semicircular pediment, decorated with many statñues. RIC 453ff.

700ñ1000

2000ñ3000

7000ñ10,000

932

ó rev SC, hexastyle temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, decorated with many statues. RIC 452ff. Note: This celebrates the reconsecration and rebuilding of this sacred temple, which burned late in the reign of Vitellius. This particular version, the third temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, was dedicated in 75 but was destroyed by fire in 80.

500ñ800

1500ñ2000

4000ñ6000

933

ó As 902, but inscr. SC only. RIC 736.

500ñ800

1500ñ2000

4000ñ6000

934

ó rev SIGNIS RECEPTIS, Victory flying r., offering legionary eagle to Vespasian, stg. 1. on platform. RIC 461. Note: This rare issue celebrates the defeat of Julius Civilis and the return of the captured legionary eagle of the XV Primigenia.

500ñ800

2000ñ3000

ó

935

ó rev SPQR (P P) OB CIV(ES) SERV(ATOS) in oak wreath. RIC 457ñ9ff.

100ñ150

400ñ600

1500ñ2000

936

ó As prev., but inscr. SPQR ADSERTORI LIBER-TATIS PVBLICAE. RIC 411,55ñ6.

100ñ150

400ñ600

1750ñ2250

937

ó rev VICTORIA AVG(VSTI) SC, Victory stg. r., foot on helmet, inscr. OB CIV SER on shield attached to palm tree. RIC 464,6. Hendin 777.

100ñ150

400ñ600

1750ñ2250

938

ó As prev., but mourning Jewess std. 1. or r. at base of palm tree beneath shield, which sometimes is bare. RIC 467ñ8. Hendin 778.

100ñ150

400ñ600

1750ñ2250

939

Æ Dupondius obv Usually rad. hd. r. or 1.

20ñ40

100ñ150

250ñ350

940

ó rev TVTELA AVGVST1 SC, woman std. 1. with two children. RIC 398,480.

100ñ150

400ñ600

ó

941

ó rev VICTORIA NAVALIS SC, Victory stg. r. on prow, hldg. wreath and palm branch. RIC 481,745. Hendin 779.

70ñ100

200ñ300

500ñ800

942

Æ Dupondius(?) (27mm) rev PON MAX TR POT P P COS V CENS, winged caduceus betw. crossed cornucopias. RIC 798añc. Note: Struck in orichal-cum for circulation in the east, this issue has the laureate head of Vespasian. This and the related orichalcum coins are not from Commagene as is commonly believed.

30ñ50

100ñ150

300ñ400

943

Æ As

20ñ40

80ñ120

200ñ300

944

ó rev IVD(A)EA CAPTA SC, mourning Jewess std. at r. or 1. of palm tree, arms and armor about. RIC 489ff. Hendin 781.

250ñ350

700ñ1000

1500ñ2000

945

ó Sim. to prev., but inscr. IVD CAP SC. RIC 393.

250ñ350

700ñ1000

1750ñ2250

946

ó rev PROVIDENT below altar with double-pan-elled door flanked by large SC. RIC 494ff.

70ñ100

200ñ300

400ñ600

947

ó As 932. RIC 496,765.

200ñ300

400ñ600

1000ñ1500

948

ó As 902, but SC added. RIC 548.

200ñ300

400ñ600

900ñ1200

949

ó As 941. RIC 503ff.

70ñ100

200ñ300

500ñ800

950

Æ As(?) (20mm) rev Large SC in wreath. RIC 796ñ7. Note: This and the following two coins were struck in orichalcum, presumably for circulation in the east.

20ñ40

100ñ150

250ñ350

951

Æ Semis rev P M TR POT P P, winged caduceus. RIC 794.

20ñ40

80ñ120

200ñ300

952

ó rev Large SC in wreath. RIC 795ff.

20ñ40

80ñ120

200ñ300

953

Æ Quadrans

5ñ15

30ñ50

70ñ100

954

ó obv IMP VESPASIAN AVG, palm tree rev P M TR P P P COS III SC, standard with flag (Vexiil-lum). RIC 504ff. Hendin 784. Note: Inscriptions vary on this and the following quadrantes.

70ñ100

200ñ300

400ñ600

955

ó As prev., but obv Trophy of arms. RIC 507ff.

70ñ100

200ñ300

400ñ600

956

ó As 954, but rev Aspergillum, patera and lituus. RIC 512ñ3.

70ñ100

200ñ300

400ñ600

Except where noted, the obverse of Vespasianís posthumous commemoratives have his right-facing, laureate head.

Vespasian (Posthumous Commemoratives)

F

VF

EF

957

AV Aureus, under Titus.

1000ñ1500

1800ñ2500

5000ñ8000

958

ó rev EX SC, shield against cippus topped with an urn and flanked by laurel branches. RIC (Titus) 62.

1250ñ1750

2000ñ3000

5000ñ8000

959

AR Denarius, ó.

30ñ50

70ñ100

125ñ175

960

ó rev EX SC, Victory adv. 1., placing shield on trophy of arms, mourning Jewess std. 1. at base. RIC (Titus) 59añb. Note: This copies a lifetime issue of Vespasian with a longer inscription (Hendin 767).

30ñ50

100ñ150

400ñ600

961

ó rev EX SC, ornamented quadriga r. or 1. RIC (Titus) 60ñ1.

30ñ50

80ñ120

300ñ400

962

ñ As 958. RIC (Titus) 62.

30ñ50

80ñ120

300ñ400

Vespasian (Posthumous Commemoratives)

F

VF

chVF

963

Æ Sestertius, órev SC, Spes adv. 1., hldg. flower and raising robe. RIC (Titus) 147.

300ñ400

700ñ1000

ó

964

ó obv DIVO AVG VESP(AS) SPQR, Vespasian, hldg. scepter and Victory, std. r. on cart drawn by four elephants rev IMP T CAES DIV1 VESP F AVG P M TR P P P COS VIII around large SC. RIC (Titus) 143ñ4.

300ñ400

700ñ1000

2000ñ3000

965

ó obv DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESP(ASIAN), Vespasian std. 1., hldg. branch and scepter rev As prev. RIC (Titus) 145ñ6.

300ñ400

700ñ1000

2000ñ3000

966

Æ Dupondius, óobv Rad. hd. r.

50ñ75

300ñ400

900ñ1200

967

Æ As, ó.

50ñ75

250ñ350

700ñ1000

Note: For other posthumous issues of Vespasian, see Domitilla the Younger, Trajanís ërestored coinsí and the divi issues of Trajan Decius.

Vespaisian (Provincial Coinage)

F

VF

EF

968

AV Stater of the Bosporus, king Rhescuporis I (or II), c. 68ñ93. rev No inscr., bare hd. r. of Titus, BAPH monogram in field, date (yrs.365ñ3 74) below. Frolova pi. 1, 1ñ5. Note: About 90% gold.

700ñ1000

2,000ñ2,500

3000ñ5000

969

AR Tetradrachm of the Koinon of Cyprus

150ñ200

400ñ600

ó

970

AR Cistophorus of Ephesus

400ñ600

1000ñ1500

ó

971

AR Tetradrachm of AntiochIllustrated p. 305.

125

225

375

972

AR Didrachm of Caesarea

70ñ100

150ñ200

400ñ600

973

ó obv Laur. hd. r. of Vespasian rev Laur. hd. r. of Titus. Syd. 102.

150ñ200

400ñ600

ó

974

AR Hemidrachm, ó.

50ñ75

100ñ150

250ñ350

Note: An extensive series of æs was struck for Vespasian by the Jewish king Herod Agrippa II (56ñ96). For details see Hendin, pp. 130ñ151.

Domitilla the Elder

WIFE OF VESPASIAN

MOTHER OF TITUS, DOMITIAN, AND DOMITILLA THE YOUNGER

GRANDMOTHER OF JULIA TITI

GREAT-GRANDMOTHER OF VESPASIAN JUNIOR

Domitillathe Elder (Postllumous Commemoratives)

F

VF

chVF

976

Æ Sestertius, under Titus, obv MEMORIAE DOMITILLAE SPQR, carpentum drawn r. by two mules rev IMP T CAES DIVI VESP F AVG P M TR P P P COS VIII around large SC. RIC (Titus) 153. Illustrated above.

300ñ400

700ñ1000

2500ñ4000

977

ó. As prev., but obv DOMITILLAE IMP CAESVESP AVG SPQR. RIC (Titus) 154.

300ñ400

700ñ1000

2500ñ4000

Domitilla the Younger

Augusta: Posthumously

DAUGHTER OF VESPASIAN AND DOMITILLA THE ELDER

SISTER OF TITUS AND DOMITIAN

GRANDMOTHER OF VESPASIAN JUNIOR

Obverse inscription:

Deified:

DIVA DOMITILLA AVGVSTA

Except where noted, Domitilla the Youngerís bust is right-facing and draped.

Domitilla the Younger(Posthumous Commemoratives)

F

VF

EF

978

AV Aureus, under Domitian, c. 82ñ83 or later. DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPAS1ANVS, laur. hd. r. of Vespasian rev DIVA DOMITILLA AVGVSTA, dr. bust r. of Domitilla the Younger. RIC (Titus) 69.

2000ñ3000

4000ñ6000

12,000ñ20,000

979

AR Denarius, ó. rev CONCORDIA AVGVST, peacock stg. r. RIC (Titus) 70.

1000ñ1500

2000ñ3500

5000ñ8000

980

ó. rev FORTVNA AVGVST, Fortuna stg. 1., hldg. rudder and cornucopia. RIC (Titus) 71. Illustrated p. 312.

1000ñ1500

2000ñ3500

5000ñ8000

981

ó. rev PIETAS AVGVST, Pietas std. 1., child before. RIC (Titus) 73.

1000ñ1500

2000ñ3500

5000ñ8000

982

ó. rev PACI AVGVSTAE, Nemesis adv. r., preceded by snake. RIC (Titus) 72. Note: A specimen of this type cited in RIC is fourré.

1000ñ1500

2000ñ3500

5000ñ8000

Titus, A.D. 79ñ81

A.D. 69ñ71: Caesar (under Vespasian, with Domitian)

A.D. 71ñ79: Imperator (under Vespasian; Domitian, as Caesar)

A.D. 79ñ81: Sole reign (with Domitian, as Caesar)

SON OF VESPASIAN AND DOMITILLA THE ELDER

BROTHER OF DOMITIAN AND DOMITILLA THE YOUNGER

FATHER OF JULIA TITI

Examples of obverse inscriptions:

Caesar:

IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI F

 

T CAES IMP VESP CEN(S)

 

T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT (CENS)

 

T CAES VESPASIAN IMP P(ON) TR POT COS II (etc.)

 

T CAESAR IMP VESP

 

T CAESAR IMP VESPASIAN(VS)

Augustus:

IMP T CAES VESP AVG P M TR P (P P) COS VII (or VIII)

 

IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M

As Caesar, except where noted, busts are right- or left-facing and laureate, sometimes cuirassed, and adorned with an aegis or a globe at tip of bust. As Augustus, except where noted, busts are right- or left-facing and laureate.

Titus (as Caesar)

F

VF

EF

983

AV Aureus, under Vespasian.

800ñ1200

2000ñ3500

5000ñ8000

984

ó rev No inscr., palm tree betw. Titus, stg. at 1., hldg. spear and sword, foot on globe, and mourning Jewess, std. at r. RIC (Vesp.) 160.

2,500ñ3,500

5000ñ8000

18,000ñ25,000

985

ó rev IVDAEA DEVICTA, Victory stg. r., inscr. IMP T CAES on shield set on palm tree. RIC (Vesp.) 373.

2,500ñ3,500

7000ñ10,000

20,000ñ35,000

986

ó rev VESTA above round temple of Vesta with four columns, domed roof and staircase at entry, decorated with three statues. RIC (Vesp.) 157ff. Note: This celebrates the dedication of the temple, which burned in the fire of 64 under Nero.

1000ñ1500

2000ñ3000

5000ñ8000

987

ó obv IMP CAESAR VESPASIA(NVS) AVG, laur. hd. r. or 1. of Vespasian rev IMP T FLAVIVS CAESAR AVG F, laur. or bare hd. r. of Titus. RIC (Vesp.) 351ñ2,7. Note: Other inscriptions for this type are T FLAVI VESPASIANVS CAESAR or IMP CAES VESP AVG P TRI P COS II.

3000ñ5000

10,000ñ15,000

35,000+

988

AR Denarius

50ñ75

150ñ200

500ñ800

989

ó rev No inscr., Titus r. in triumphal quadriga. RIC (Vesp) 159,368. Hendin 789.

80ñ120

200ñ300

700ñ1000

990

ó As 984. RIC (Vesp.) 160,367.

70ñ100

250ñ350

900ñ1200

991

ó rev AVG in wreath. RIC (Vesp.) 339,44.

80ñ120

200ñ300

700ñ1000

992

ó rev COS V, Pegasus stg. r. RIC (Vesp.) 192.

50ñ75

150ñ200

700ñ1000

993

ó rev COS VII, She-wolf and twins, boat in ex. RIC (Vesp.) 204.

50ñ75

150ñ200

700ñ1000

994

ó rev PACI ORB TERR AVG, turreted hd. r. of female. RIC (Vesp.) 343,6.

100ñ150

250ñ350

700ñ1000

995

AR Quinarius

200ñ300

500ñ800

ó

Titus (as Caesar)

F

VF

chVF

996

Æ Sestertius

200ñ300

500ñ800

2000ñ3000

997

ó rev IVDAEA CAPTA SC, palm tree betw. Titus stg. at 1., hldg. spear and sword, foot on helm., and mourning Jewess std. at r. RIC (Vesp.) 608 (omitting palm tree in descr.). Note: This type also occurs for Titus as Augustus (RIC -).

400ñ600

2000ñ3000

ó

998

ó rev SC, Titus r. or 1. in triumphal quadriga. RIC (Vesp.) 612,29a. Hendin 790.

300ñ400

1000ñ1500

3000ñ5000

999

ó As prev., but obv the Laur. bust of Titus is cuir. and adorned with an aegis. RIC (Vesp.) 629b.

400ñ600

2000ñ3000

5000ñ8000

1000

ó rev SC, Titus on horseback r., spearing fallen foe. RIC (Vesp) 6Off.

250ñ350

1000ñ1500

3000ñ5000

1001

ó rev SC, Titus, hldg. scepter and Victory, stg. 1., foot on prow, before two Jewish suppliants (kneeling male, stg. female) with outstretched arms, behind which is a palm tree. cf. RIC (Vesp.) 638var. Hendin 791.

4000ñ6000

10,000ñ15,000

ó

1002

ó rev VICTORIA AVGVSTI SC, Victory stg. r. inscr. VIC AVG on shield attached to palm tree. RIC (Vesp.) 614. Hendin 793.

300ñ400

1250ñ1750

4000ñ6000

1003

Æ Dupondius

50ñ75

200ñ300

900ñ1200

1004

Æ Dupondius(?) (27mm) rev TR POT COS III CENSOR, winged caduceus betw. crossed cornucopias. RIC (Vesp.) 813ñ4. Note: Struck inorichalcum for circulation in the east, this issue has the laureate head of Titus. This and the related orichalcum coins are not from Commagene as is often stated.

30ñ50

150ñ200

500ñ800

1005

Æ As

50ñ75

200ñ300

500ñ800

1006

ó rev IVDAEA CAPTA SC, mourning Jewess std. r., sometimes on cuirass, at base of palm tree; arms, armor and often a vexillum about. RIC (Vesp.) 620ff. Hendin 794.

250ñ350

900ñ1200

1750ñ2250

1007

ó rev PROVIDENT below altar with double-panelled door flanked by large SC. RIC (Vesp.) 655ff.

70ñ100

250ñ350

700ñ1000

1008

ó rev VICTORIA NAVALIS SC, Victory stg. r. or 1. on prow, hldg. wreath and palm branch. RIC (Vesp.) 627,89. Note: Victory also faces left (RIC 690).

100ñ150

300ñ400

700ñ1000

1009

ó rev SC, hexastyle temple of Jupiter Capitolinus (the third), decorated with many statues. RIC (Vesp.) 656. Note: This coin celebrates the reconse-cration and rebuilding of this sacred temple, which burned late the reign of Vitellius.

200ñ300

400ñ600

ó

1010

ó rev Sim. to 986, hut SC added. RIC (Vesp.) 659.

200ñ300

400ñ600

ó

1011

Æ As(?) (20mm) rev Large SC in wreath. RIC (Vesp.) 804ñ6. Note: Struck in orichalcum for use in the east.

50ñ75

200ñ300

500ñ800

1012

Æ Semis

50ñ75

150ñ200

400ñ600

1013

rev PONTIF TR POT, winged caduceus. RIC (Vesp.) 807ñ8.

50ñ75

150ñ200

400ñ600

1014

ó rev Large SC in wreath. RIC (Vesp.) 809ñ11.

50ñ75

150ñ200

400ñ600

1015

ó rev SC, mourning Judaea std. r. at base of palm tree, arms, armor and yoke(?) about. RIC (Vesp.) 812. Hendin 795var.

500ñ800

1500ñ2000

ó

1016

ó obv TITVS IMP, palm tree rev Large SC in wreath. RIC (Vesp.) 810.

400ñ600

700ñ1000

ó

Titus (as Augustus)

F

VF

EF

1017

AV Aureus

800ñ1200

2000ñ3500

5000ñ8000

1018

ó rev TR P VIIII IMP XIIII (or XV) COS VII, hound captive Jew kneeling r. at base of trophy of arms. RIC 5,11,17. Hendin 785.

1000ñ1500

2000ñ3000

5000ñ8000

1019

ó rev TR P IX IMP XV COS VIII P P, trophy of arms betw. two captives std. back-to-back. RIC 21a. Hendin 787.

1500ñ2000

5000ñ7000

12,000ñl8,000

1020

AR DenariusIllustrated p. 313.

50ñ75

150ñ200

500ñ800

1021

ó As 1018, but with additional inscrs. RIC1ff. Hendin 786.

70ñ100

200ñ300

700ñ1000

1022

ó rev TR PIX IMP XV COS VIII P P, elephant stg. r. RIC 22añb.

70ñ100

200ñ300

700ñ1000

1023

ó rev Inscr. as prev., but dolphin coiled around anchor or upon tripod. RIC 26ñ7.

70ñ100

200ñ300

700ñ1000

1024

ó As 1019. RIC 21añb. Hendin 788.

80ñ120

250ñ350

900ñ1200

1025

AR Quinarius

200ñ300

500ñ800

ó

Titus (as Augustus)

F

VF

chVF

1026

Æ Sestertius

200ñ300

500ñ800

2000ñ3000

1027

ó rev IVD CAP SC, palm tree betw. mourning Jewess std. and Jew stg., arms and armor before. RIC 91ñ2. Hendin 792. Note: The figures face to the right or the left in the two varieties.

500ñ800

1500ñ2000

5000ñ8000

1028

ó rev IVDAEA CAPTA SC, palm tree betw. bound Jew, stg. at 1., looking back, and mourning Jewess std. at r. RIC 93. Hendin 792a. Note: This type also occurs for Titus as Caesar in his 6th consulship.

700ñ1000

2000ñ3000

 

1029

ó rev SC, Titus r. in triumphal quadriga. RIC 101.

300ñ400

1000ñ1500

3000ñ5000

1030

ó As 1009 RIC 102.

500ñ800

1500ñ2000

4000ñ6000

1031

ó obv No inscr., the colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater) seen from birdís-eye view, the Meta Sudans at r., uncertain structure at 1. rev IMP T CAES VESP AVG P M TR P P P COS VIII SC, Titus, hldg. branch, std. 1. among arms and armor. RIC 110. Note: Cohen records an issue of this type struck posthumously with the inscription DIVO AVG T DIVI VESP F VESPASIAN SC.

3000ñ5000

8000ñ12,000

15,000ñ25,000

1032

Æ Dupondius

50ñ75

200ñ300

900ñ1200

1033

ó rev SC, the Meta Sudans. RIC 115.

400ñ600

1500ñ2000

ó

1034

Æ As

50ñ75

200ñ300

700ñ1000

1035

ó Sim. to 1028. RIC 128.

250ñ350

900ñ1200

1750ñ2250

1036

Æ Semis

50ñ75

150ñ200

400ñ600

1036 (a)

ó rev (I)VD CAP SC, mourning Jewess std. 1. at base of palm tree; arms, armor and yoke(?) in pile to r. RIC 141. Hendin 795.

500ñ800

1500ñ2000

ó

1037

Æ Quadrans obv IMP T VESP AVG COS VIII, modius rev Large SC in wreath. RIC 136. Note: The obverse type of a winged caduceus betw. crossed cornucopias is unpublished in the major references.

5ñ15

50ñ75

150ñ200

Note: All ërestorationí coins of Titus are cataloged under the issuers of the prototypes.

Titus (Posthumous Commemoratives)

F

VF

chVF

1038

Æ Sestertius, under Domitian, obv T DIVO AVG DIVI VESP F VESPA SIANO , Titus, rad. and hldg. branch and scepter, std. 1. before altar rev IMP CAES DIVI VESP FDOMIT AVG PM TR P P P around large SC. RIC (Domit.) 437ñ8. Note: Som etimes the T on the obverse follows AVG.

400ñ600

1000ñ1500

ó

Note: For other coins of Divus Titus, see Julia Titi, the ërestoredí coins of Trajan and the divi issues of Trajan Decius.

Titus(Provincial Coinage)

F

VF

EF

1039

AV Stater of the Bosporus see Vespasian.

     

1040

AR Cistophorus of Ephesus

400ñ600

1000ñ1500

ó

1041

AR Tetradrachm of Antioch

250ñ350

500ñ800

ó

1039

AR Drachm of Caesarea

80ñ120

250ñ350

ó

1043

Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria

100ñ150

200ñ300

400ñ600

Titus (Provincial Coinage)

F

VF

chVF

1044

Æ27ñ30 of the Koinon of Bithynia rev EΓII MMAIKIOY POYΦOY ANΘYΓIATOY, palm tree betw. cuirass and shield, spears protruding from behind. BMC-. Note; These issues were struck by two proconsuls, M. Maecius Rufus or M. Salvidienus Asprenas. The design celebrates the crushing of the First Judaean revolt.

400ñ600

1000ñ1500

ó

1045

Æ23 of Smyrna in Ionia, 79ñ81. obv Confr., laur. hds. of Titus and Domitian rev River god Hermos reel, to 1. BMC 297.

50ñ75

100ñ150

250ñ350

1046

Æ19ñ22 of Caesarea(?) in Judaea rev IOY∆IAIΣ EAΛWYKYIAΣ, Nike stg. r., foot on helm., inscr. shield placed on knee or on palm tree before. Hen-din 743ñ4. Note: The Greek inscription translates to ëJudaea Capta.í

70ñ100

150ñ200

250ñ350

Note: An immense series of ?s was struck for Titus by the Jewish king Herod Agrippa II (56ñ96). For details see Hendin, pp. 130ñ151. Also, for a coin of Antioch issued by Titus for Trajan Pater, see the listings of the latter.

The values are estimates for conservatively graded, essentially problem-free coins. Defects or merits will alter prices, often significantly. Dashes (ó) indicate values which cannot be accurately determined (at the high end) or which are negligible (at the low end). Coins with the same value range are not always equally valuable, for they may represent different ends of the same spectrum.

Julia Titi

Augusta, c. 79ñ90/91

DAUGHTER OF TITUS

NIECE (AND COMPANION) OF DOMITIAN

GRANDDAUGHTER OF VESPASIAN AND DOMITILLA THE ELDER

Obverse inscriptions:

Augusta:

IVLIA AVGVSTA T AVG F (under Titus)

 

IVLIA AVGVSTA TITI AVGVSTI F (under Titus)

 

IVLIA IMP T AVG F AVGVSTA (under Titus)

 

IVLIA AVGVSTA (under Domitian)

Deified:

DIVA IVLIA (AVGVSTA) (under Domitian)

Except where noted, the obverse has Julia Titiís right-facing, draped bust.

Julia Titi (as Augusta)

F

VF

EF

1047

AV Aureus, under Domitian, c. 81ñ82(?). obv DIVVS TITVS AVGVSTVS, rad. hd. r. or 1. of Titus rev IVLIA AVGVSTA DIVI TITI F, dr. bust r. of Julia Titi. RIC (Domit.) 216,a.

4000ñ6000

15,000ñ20,000

ó

1048

ó, after c. 82. rev DIVI TITI FILIA, peacock stg. facing, tail in splendor. RIC (Domit.) 218,a. Note: Cohen cites an example with Julia Titiís bust left.

4000ñ6000

10,000ñ15,000

ó

1049

AR Denarius, ó. rev CONCORDIA AVGVSTI, type as prcv. RIC (Domit.) 217.

200ñ300

400ñ600

1500ñ2000

1050

ó. As 1048. RIC (Domit.) 218.

200ñ300

400ñ600

1500ñ2000

1051

ó, under Titus, rev SALVS AVG, Salus std. 1., hldg. patera. RIC (Titus) 54.

200ñ300

400ñ600

1250ñ1750

1052

ó. rev VENVS AVG(VST), Venus stg. r., partially dr., with back to viewer, leaning on column, hldg. helmet and scepter. RIC (Titus) 55ñ6. Illustrated above.

200ñ300

400ñ600

1250ñ1750

1053

ó. rev VESTA, Vesta std. 1., hldg. palladium and scepter, SC sometimes in ex. RIC (Titus) 57ñ8.

200ñ300

400ñ600

1250ñ1750

Julia Titi (as Augusta)

F

VF

chVF

1054

Æ Dupondius, under Titus, rev CERESAVGVST(A) SC , Ceres stg. 1., hldg. grain ears and torch. RIC (Titus) 177,a.

150ñ200

400ñ600

1500ñ2250

1055

ó. rev CONCORDIA AVG(VST) SC , Concordia std. 1., hldg. patera and cornucopia. RIC (Titus) 178ñ9.

150ñ200

400ñ600

1500ñ2250

1056

ó. rev VESTA SC , type as 1053. RIC (Titus) 180.

150ñ200

400ñ600

1500ñ2250

Except where noted, the obverse has Julia Titiís right-facing, draped bust.

Julia Titi (Posthumous Commemoratives)

F

VF

EF

1057

AV Aureus, under Domitian, c. 90ñ91 (?). rev AVGVSTA, image of Julia Titi std. on car drawn 1. by two elephants with riders. RIC (Domit.) 219.

4000ñ6000

15,000ñ20,000

ó

1058

ó. As prev., but rev anepigraphic. RIC 220.

4000ñ6000

15,000ñ20,000

ó

Julia Titi (Posthumous Commemoratives)

F

VF

chVF

1059

Æ Sestertius, ó, 90ñ91. obv DIVAE IVLIAE AVG DIVI TITI F SPQR, carpentum drawn r. by two mules rev IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COSXV CENS PER P P around large SC. RIC (Domit.) 400.

300ñ400

700ñ1000

2000ñ3000

1060

ó, 92ñ94. As prev., but rev COS XVI. RIC (Domit.) 411.

300ñ400

700ñ1000

2000ñ3000

Julia Titi (Provincial Coinage)

F

VF

EF

1061

AR Cistophorus of Ephesus obv IVLIA AVGVSTA DIVI TITI F, dr. bust r. rev VESTA, type as 1053. R IC (Domit.) 231.

400ñ600

1000ñ1500

ó

Julia Titi (Provincial Coinage)

F

VF

chVF

1062

Æ20 of the Koinon of Crete obv AYTO TITO KAIΣ YIOΣ, laur. hd. r. of Titus rev IOYΛIA ΣEBAΣTH , diad., dr. bust r. of Julia Titi. BMC-.

150ñ200

400ñ600

ó

1063

Æ16 of Magnesia in Ionia obv IOYΛIA CEBACTH , dr. bust r. of Julia Titi rev MAΓNHTΩN AEVKOΦPY, two Nikai crowning cult statue of Artemis Leukophryene. BMC-.

70ñ100

200ñ300

ó

1064

Æ21 of Smyrna, ó. obv Sim. to prev. rev EΓI ΦΛΩPOV ANΘV SMVPNAKIΩN , Cybele std. 1., lion at her feet. BMC 311.

150ñ200

400ñ600

ó

Note: All provincial issues listed above were struck during Julia Titiís lifetime.

Domitian, A.D. 81ñ96

A.D. 69ñ71: Caesar (under Vespasian, with Titus)

A.D. 71ñ79: Caesar (under Vespasian; Titus as Imperator)

A.D. 79ñ81: Caesar (under Titus)

A.D. 81ñ96: Sole reign

SON OF VESPASIAN AND DOMITILLA THE ELDER

BROTHER OF TITUS AND DOMITILLA THE YOUNGER

HUSB AND OF DOMITIA

FATHER OF A DEIFIED SON AND A DAUGHTER, NAMES UNKNOWN

UNCLE OF JULIA TITI

ADOPTIVE FATHER AND GREAT-UNCLE OF VESPASIAN JUNIOR

Examples of obverse inscriptions:

Caesar:

CAES(AR) AVG F(IL) DOMIT(IAN) COS II (etc.) (under Vespasian)

 

CAES(AR) AVG F DOMITIANVS COS DES II (under Vespasian)

 

CAES DIVI (AVG) VESP F DOMITIAN(VS) COS VII (under Titus)

 

CAES(AR) AVG (or DIVI) F DOMITIANVS (COS VII) (under Titus)

Augustus:

DOMITIANVS AVG GERM

 

DOMITIANVS AVGVSTVS

 

IMP CAES DIVI VESP F DOMIT(IAN) AVG (P M or GER COS X, etc.)

 

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XIII (etc.) CENS PER P P

 

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P IIII (etc.)

 

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII CENS PER P P

 

IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS XI

 

IMP CAES DOM IT (IAN) AVG GERM COS XI CENS (POT or PER P P)

 

IMP CAES DOMITIAN(VS) AVG GERMANIC(VS)

 

IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M (or PONT)

 

IMP CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVG

As Caesar, Exceptw here noted, busts are right- or left-facing, laureate or bareheaded, often draped and/or cuirassed. As Augustus, except where noted, busts are right- or left-facing, laureate or bare-headed, often draped or with aegis.

Domitian (as Caesar)

F

VF

EF

1065

AV Aureus, under Vespasian or Titus. Illustrated above.

1000ñ1500

1750ñ2250

4000ñ6000

1066

ó rev COS VII, She-wolf and twins, boat in ex. RIC (Vesp.) 241.

1000ñ1500

2000ñ3000

5000ñ8000

1067

ó rev VESTA above round temple of Vesta with four columns, domed roof and staircase at entry, decorated with three statues. RIC (Vesp.) 230,49. Note: This type celebrates the dedication of this temple, which burned in the fire of 64 under Nero.

1250ñ1750

2000ñ3000

5000ñ8000

1068

AR Denarius

30ñ50

70ñ100

150ñ200

1069

ó rev AVG in wreath. RIC (Vesp.) 347.

50ñ75

150ñ200

400ñ600

1070

ó rev COS IIII, Pegasus stg. r. RIC (Vesp.) 238.

30ñ50

80ñ120

200ñ300

1071

ó As 1066. RIC (Vesp.) 241.

30ñ50

80ñ120

200ñ300

1072

ó rev PAC1 ORB TERR AVG, hd. r. of towered female. RIC (Vesp.) 350.

50ñ75

200ñ300

500ñ800

1073

ó rev PRINCEPS IWENTVTIS, goat stg. 1. in wreath. RIC (Titus) 43,9.

30ñ50

80ñ120

200ñ300

1074

AR Quinarius

150ñ200

400ñ600

1000ñ1500

Domitian (as Caesar)

F

VF

chVF

1075

Æ Sestertius

70ñ100

300ñ400

1250ñ1750

1076

Æ Dupondius

20ñ40

100ñ150

400ñ600

1077

Æ Dupondius(?) (27mm) rev DOMIT1ANVS COS II, winged caduceus betw. crossed cornucopias. RIC (Vesp.) 816. Note: Struck in orichalcum for circulation in the east, this issue has the laureate head of Domitian. This and the related orichalcum coins are not from Commagene as has been proposed.

30ñ50

150ñ200

400ñ600

1078

Æ As

20ñ40

100ñ150

300ñ400

1079

ó rev PROVIDENT below altar with double-panelled door flanked by large SC. RIC (Vesp.) 687ff.

70ñ100

200ñ300

500ñ800

1080

ó rev SC, hexastyle temple of Jupiter Capitolinus (the third), decorated with many statues. RIC (Vesp.) 689ff. Note: This issue celebrates the reconsecration and rebuilding of this sacred temple, from which Domitian narrowily escaped as it burned late in the reign of Vitellius.

200ñ300

400ñ600

1000ñ1500

1081

ó rev SC, legionary eagle betw. two standards. RIC (Vesp.) 704.

70ñ100

200ñ300

500ñ800

1082

ó rev SC, Domitian r. in triumphal quadriga. RIC (Vesp) 688,700.

70ñ100

200ñ300

500ñ800

1083

ó rev SC or PRINCIP IVVENT SC, Domitian on horseback r. or 1., hldg. scepter. RIC (Vesp.) 697ff.

70ñ100

200ñ300

500ñ800

1084

ó rev Sim. to 1067, but SC added. RIC (Vesp.) 690.

200ñ300

400ñ600

900ñ1200

1085

ó rev VICTORIA AVGVST SC, Victory stg. r. on prow, hldg. wreath and palm branch. RIC (Titus) 174.

50ñ75

100ñ150

400ñ600

1086

ó rev VICTORIA NAVALIS SC, Victory stg. r. on prow, hldg. wreath and palm branch or Victory stg. r., crowning standard. RIC (Vesp.) 692,707.

70ñ100

200ñ300

500ñ800

1087

Æ As(?) (20mm) rev Large SC in wreath. RIC (Vesp.) 817. Note: This and the following coin were struck in orichalcum for use in the east.

20ñ40

100ñ150

250ñ350

1088

Æ Semis rev DOMIT COS II, winged caduceus. RIC (Vesp.) 818.

20ñ40

80ñ120

200ñ300

1089

ó rev IVD CAP SC, mourning Jewess std. 1. at base of palm tree; arms, armor and yoke(?) in pile to r. RIC-.

500ñ800

1500ñ2000

ó

Domitian (as Augustus)

F

VF

EF

1090

AV Aureus

1000ñ1500

1750ñ2250

4000ñ6000

1091

ó rev No inscr., distyle temple, flanked by two Victories, with std. cult statue inside. RIC 203. Note: Appearing only on aurei of 96, this seemingly is the temple (the Templum Gentis Flaviae) that Domitian built at his place of his birth on the Quirinal Hill in Rome. This aureus is seemingly part of the series of ëtempleí denarii (no. 1097).

1500ñ2000

5000ñ8000

ó

1092

ó rev Wreath containing cippus inscr. LVD SAEC FEC; in field, COS XIIII,. RIC 115.

1500ñ2000

4000ñ6000

10,000ñ15,000

1093

ó rev IMP VIIII COS XI CENS POT P P, mourning Germania std. r. on shield, a broken spear below. RIC 72ff. Note: Other inscriptions occur.

1250ñ1750

2000ñ3000

5000ñ8000

1094

ó rev TR POT IMP II COS VIII DES VIIII P P, helm, bust 1. of Minerva, wearing aegis or dr., sometimes hldg. scepter. RIC 33,48. Note: Other inscriptions occur.

1500ñ2000

4000ñ6000

10,000ñ15,000

1095

AV Quinarius

1250ñ1750

2000ñ3000

ó

1096

AR Denarius

30ñ50

70ñ100

150ñ200

1097

ó rev No inscr. or more commonly IMP CAES(AR) in field (or on architrave) of a decorated temple of four, six or eight columns; std. or stg. deity or deities within. RIC 204ñ8. Note: This series (undated, but c. 94 or 96), depicts five different temples honoring: Jupiter Capitolinus (the 4th temple), Minerva Chalcidica, Serapis (the Serapaeum), Cybcle-Magna Mater (the Sacellum Magnae Matris) and Jupiter Victor or the Deified Emperors(?).

150ñ200

700ñ1000

1750ñ2250

1098

ó rev COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC, herald with feathered cap, hldg. shield and baton adv. 1. RIC 117ñ8. Note: This and the next two types celebrate the Saecular Games of 88.

70ñ100

200ñ300

500ñ800

1099

ó rev COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC inscr. on cippus at 1.; herald with feathered cap, hldg. shield and scepter, stg. at r., incense burner betw. RIC 116,a.

70ñ100

200ñ300

500ñ800

1100

ó As 1092. RIC 115,a.

70ñ100

200ñ300

500ñ800

1101

ó rev IVPPITER CONSERVATOR, eagle stg. on thunderbolt. RIC 40.

70ñ100

250ñ350

1000ñ1500

1102

ó rev TR P COS VII, dolphin coiled around anchor or upon tripod. RIC 3ñ4ff Note: Other inscriptions occur.

30ñ50

80ñ120

200ñ300

1103

AR Quinarius

150ñ200

400ñ600

1000ñ1500

Note: Most of Domitianís aurei and denarii depict Minerva standing, often on a prow.

Domitian (as Augustus)

F

VF

chVF

1104

Æ Sestertius

50ñ75

250ñ350

1000ñ1500

1105

ó rev COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC SC (or var.); several scenes of Domitian sacrificing, usually before a temple with two or more participants. RIC 375ñ9. Note: These celebrate the Saecular Games of 88. The temples shown are that of Jupiter Stator and a private temple (lararium) which Domitian had built for Minerva in his house on the Palatine Hill.

250ñ350

900ñ1200

4000ñ6000

1106

ó rev GERMANIA CAPTA SC, trophy of arms betw. female captive std. at 1. and male captive stg. r. RIC 252ff.

250ñ350

1500ñ2000

4000ñ6000

1107

ó rev SC, Domitian stg. 1., sacrificing at altar before shrine containing statue of Minerva. RIC 256ff.

250ñ350

900ñ1200

4000ñ6000

1108

ó rev SC, Domitian stg. at r., hldg. spear, before him at 1. a German, presenting shield, kneels before him. RIC 258ff.

250ñ350

900ñ1200

4000ñ6000

1109

ó rev SC, Domitian on horseback r., spearing fallen German. RIC 257ff. Note: This issue is usually struck on ëmedallicí planchets.

150ñ200

400ñ600

1500ñ2000

1110

ó rev SC, Domitian stg. 1., hldg. spear and sword, the Rhine reel, at his feet. RIC 259ff.

200ñ300

500ñ800

2000ñ3000

1111

ó rev SC, Domitian stg. r., clasping hands over altar with general escorted by two or three soldiers. RIC 260ff.

400ñ600

2000ñ3000

7000ñ10,000

1112

ó rev SC, Domitian stg., crowned by Victory, some-times accompanied by Minerva. RIC 287ff.

150ñ200

400ñ600

1500ñ2000

1113

ó rev SC, Victory stg. r., foot on helmet, inscr. DE GER on shield attached to trophy with captive at base. RIC 25 5ff.

150ñ200

400ñ600

1500ñ2000

1114

ó rev SC, round tetrastyle temple flanked by stg. soldiers; a std. fig. within. RIC 413.

250ñ350

1500ñ2000

4000ñ6000

1115

ó rev SC, triumphal arch with two arches sur-mounted by two quadrigae of elephants. RIC 261ff.

300ñ400

1750ñ2250

5000ñ8000

1116

Æ Dupondius obv Rad. hd. r. or 1.

20ñ40

100ñ150

250ñ350

1117

ó As 1105. RIC 365,81ñ3.

100ñ150

400ñ600

1000ñ1500

1118

ó rev SC, trophy of arms betw. two Germanic captives std. back-to-back. RIC 266.

70ñ100

200ñ300

400ñ600

1119

ó rev SC, standard with crossed shields, trumpets and spears. RIC 267ff. Note: Asses of this type were also struck.

70ñ100

200ñ300

400ñ600

1120

Æ As

20ñ40

80ñ120

200ñ300

1121

ó rev SALVTI AVGVST(I) SC, altar. RIC 242ff.

70ñ100

200ñ300

400ñ600

1122

Æ Semis

20ñ40

80ñ120

200ñ300

1123

ó obv IMP DOMIT AVG GERM COS XII (or XIIII), helm., dr. bust r. of Minerva rev SC, owl stg. RIC 308,74. Note: Quadrantes of this type were also struck.

30ñ50

100ñ150

300ñ100

1124

ó obv IMP DOMIT AVG GERM COS XI, laur., dr. bust r. of Apollo rev SC, lyre. RIC 273.

70ñ100

200ñ300

400ñ600

1125

Æ Quadrans

5ñ15

30ñ50

70ñ100

1126

ó obv Rhinoceros stg. r or 1. rev IMP DOMIT AVG GE(RM) around large SC. RIC 434ñ5.

15ñ25

70ñ100

200ñ300

1127

ó obv IMP DOMIT AVG GERM, dr. bust r. of Ceres rev SC, ship sailing. RIC 431 A.

70ñ100

200ñ300

400ñ600

Note: The portraits of deities on semisses and quadrantes often have the features of Domitian. All ërestorationí coins of Domitian are cataloged under the issuers of the prototypes.

Domitian (Provincial Coinage)

F

VF

EF

1128

AV Stater of the Bosporus, king Rhescuporis 1 (or II), c. 68ñ93. obv BACIAEωC PHCKOYΓOPl∆OC, diad., dr. bust r. of Rhescuporis II rev No inscr., laur. hd. r. of Domitian, date (yrs.377ñ388) below. Frolova pi. 1, 9ñ21. Note: About 80% gold.

700ñ1000

1500ñ2000

3,000ñ4,000

1129

ó, king Sauromates I, c. 93ñ123. obv BAClΛEiωC CAYOMATOY, diad., dr. bust r. of Sauromates I rev As prev., but yr.390(=A.D. 93). Frolova pi. IV, 20.

700ñ1000

1500ñ2000

2000ñ3000

1130

AR Cistophorus of Asia Minor

200ñ300

500ñ800

1500ñ2000

1131

AR Tetradrachm of Antioch

50ñ75

100ñ150

300ñ400

1132

AR Tetradrachm of Tarsus rev Tyche of Tarsus std. r. on rock, hldg. branch over river-god Kydnos swimming r. below. SNG Levante 989.

70ñ100

250ñ350

500ñ800

1133

AR Didrachm of Caesarea

70ñ100

150ñ200

400ñ600

1134

ó rev No inscr., Domitian in slow quadriga r. Syd. 121.

150ñ200

400ñ600

ó

1135

Billon Tetradrachm of Alexandria

200ñ300

400ñ600

900ñ1200

Domitian (Provincial Coinage)

F

VF

chVF

1136

Æ26ñ28 of Caesarea in Judaea rev IMP XXI COS SVI CENS P P P, palm tree. Hendin 746.

100ñ150

250ñ350

500ñ800

1137

Æ25ñ26, órev Inscr. as prev., but Nike adv. 1., hldg. trophy and wreath. Hendin 747.

70ñ100

150ñ200

250ñ350

1138

Æ24ñ25, órev No inscr., Minerva stg. 1., hldg. spear and shield and placing hand upon trophy of arms. Hendin 749.

70ñ100

150ñ200

250ñ350

1139

Æ19, órev VICTORIA AVG, trophy of arms. Hendin 751.

70ñ100

150ñ200

250ñ350

1140

Æ27ñ28 of Flaviopolis in Cilicia, 89ñ90. rev Confr., dr. busts of the Dioscuri. SNG Levante 1529.

50ñ75

100ñ150

250ñ350

1141

Æ Drachm of Alexandria

30ñ50

150ñ200

500ñ800

Note: A large series of æs was struck for Domitian by the Jewish king Herod Agrippa II (56ñ96). For details see Hendin, pp. 130ñ151.

Domitia

Augusta, A.D. 82ñ96

WIFE OF DOMITIAN

MOTHER OF A DEIFIED SON AND A DAUGHTER, NAMES UNKNOWN

SISTER-IN-LAW OF DOMITIAN AND DOMITILLA THE YOUNGER

DAUGHTER-IN-LAW OF VESPASIAN AND DOMITILLA THE ELDER

Obverse inscriptions:

Augusta:

DOMITIA(E) AVG IMP CAES DIVI F DOMITIAN AVG (æs only)

 

DOMITIA AVG IMP DOMITIAN AVG GER(M)

 

DOMITIA AVGVSTA IMP DOMIT(IANI)

Except where noted, the obverse has Domitiaís right-facing, draped bust.

Domitia (as Augusta)

F

VF

EF

1142

AV Aureus, under Domitian, obv IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M, laur. hd. r. of Domitian rev DOMITIA AVGVSTA IMP DOMIT, dr. bust r. of Domitia. RIC (Domit.) 210.

4000ñ6000

8,000ñ12,000

20,000ñ35,000

1143

ó. rev CONCORDIA AVGVST, peacock stg. r. RIC (Domit.) 212,B and 215.A-B. Note: The reverse inscription sometimes ends AVGVSTA or AVGVSTI. Illustrated above.

3000ñ5000

7000ñ10,000

20,000ñ35,000

1144

AR Denarius, ó. As 1142. RIC (Domit.) 210. Note: RIC lists this issue as/ourre.

1000ñ1500

3000ñ5000

7000ñ12,000

1145

ó. As prev., but rev DOMITIA AVGVSTA. RIC (Domit.) 211.

1000ñ1500

3000ñ5000

7000ñ12,000

1146

ó. Sim. to 1143. RIC (Domit.) 212B,215.

900ñ1200

2000ñ3000

7000ñ10,000

1147

ó. rev PACI AVGVST, Nemesis adv. r., pointing caduceus at snake at her feet. RIC (Domit.) 213A. Note: RIC lists this issue as possibly fourré.

1000ñ1500

3000ñ5000

7000ñ12,000

1148

ó. rev PIETAS AVGVST, Pietas std. 1., hldg. scepter, a child before. RIC (Domit.) 214. Note: The child shown is the deified son of Domitian.

1000ñ1500

3000ñ5000

7000ñ12,000

Domitia (as Augusta)

F

VF

chVF

1149

Æ Sestertius, ó. rev DIVI CAESAR MATRI (or CAESARIS MATER) SC, Domitia std. 1., hldg. scepter and reaching toward child, stg. facing her. R IC (Domit.) 440ñ1. Note: The child shown (and alluded to in the inscription) is the deified son of Domitian.

ó

ó

ó

1150

Æ Dupondius, ó. rev DIVI CAESARIS MATER SC, Domitia stg. 1., hldg. scepter and sacrificing over altar from patera. RIC (Domit.) 442.

900ñ1200

2000ñ3000

ó

1151

Æ As, ó. rev DIVI CAES MATER SC, Ceres stg. L, hldg. grain ears and scepter. RIC (Domit.) 443.

700ñ2000

1000ñ3000

ó

Note: For other coins struck for Domitia, see the listings of the Deified son of Domitian.

Domitia (Provincial Coinage)

F

VF

EF

1152

AR Cistophorus of Ephesus, under Domitian, obv IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG P M COS VIII, laur. hd. r. of Domitian, rev DOMITIA AVGVSTA, dr. bust r. of Domitia. RIC (Domit.) 228.

400ñ600

1000ñ1500

ó

1153

ó. Types as prev., but inscrs.: obv IMP CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVG rev DOMITIA DOMITIAN AVG P M COS VI. RIC (Domit.) 229.

400ñ600

1000ñ1500

ó

1154

ó. obv DOMITIA AVGVSTA, dr. bust r. of Domitia. rev VENVS AVG, Venus stg. r., partially dr., with back to viewer, leaning on column, hldg. helmet and scepter. RIC (Domit.) 230.

400ñ600

1000ñ1500

ó

1155

AR Didrachm of Caesarea obv Laur. hd. r. of Domitian rev Diad., dr. bust r. of Domitia. Syd. 129.

250ñ350

700ñ1000

ó

1156

ó obv Confr. busts of Domitian, laur. at 1., and Domitia, dr. at r. rev Athena stg. Syd. 130.

300ñ400

900ñ1200

ó

Domitia (Provincial Coinage)

F

VF

chVF

1157

Æ25 of Amphipolis in Macedon obv Diad., dr. bust r. of Domitia rev City goddess std. 1. BMC 96.

70ñ100

150ñ200

300ñ400

1158

Æ22 of Smyrna in Ionia obv Confr. busts of Domitian, laur. at 1., and Domitia, dr. at r. rev Heracles stg. 1., hldg. cantharus and club. SNG Cop. 1359.

70ñ100

150ñ200

400ñ600

1159

Æ19 of Tralles in Lydia obv Dr. bust r. of Domitia rev Demeter stg. 1. BMC 135.

70ñ100

150ñ200

400ñ600

Note: An extensive series of aes coinages was struck in the provinces for Domitia.

Deified son of Domitian

SON OF DOMITIAN AND DOMITIA

GRANDSON OF VESPASIAN AND DOMITILLA THE ELDER

NEPHEW OF TITUS AND DOMITILLA THE YOUNGER

Deified Son of Domitian (Posthumous Commemoratives)

F

VF

EF

1160

AV Aureus, under Domitian, c. 82ñ83 or later, obv DOMITIA AVGVSTA IMP DOMIT, dr. bust r. of Domitia rev DIVVS CAESAR IMP DOMITIANI F, deified son of Domitian, nude with arms raised, std. facing on banded globe, surrounded by seven stars. RIC (Domit.) 213. Illustrated above.

3000ñ5000

7000ñ10,000

20,000ñ30,000

1161

AR Denarius, ñ. As prev. RIC (Domit.) 213.

800ñ1200

2000ñ3500

6000ñ9000

1162

ñ. obv IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M, laur. hd. r. of Domitian rev As prev. RIC 209A (and note RICII, p. 124).

900ñ1200

2200ñ3800

7000ñ10,000

Note: The boy is also shown as a standing figure on coins of Domitia (nos. 1148ñ9).

Vespasian Junior

A DOPTED SON, AND HEIR OF DOMITIAN

GREAT-NEPHEW OF TITUS AND DOMITIAN

GREAT-GRANDSON OF VESPASIAN AND DOMITILLA THE ELDER

Vespasian Junior (Provincial Coinage)

F

VF

chVF

1163

Æ17 of Smyrna in Ionia, c. 95. obv OYECΓIACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, hare-headed, dr. bust r. of Vespasian Jr. rev ZMYPNAIΩN, Nemesis stg. r., spitting in robe, hldg. bridle. BMC 315.

700ñ1000

1500ñ2000

3000ñ5000

1164

ó. As prev., but rev Nike adv. 1., hldg. wreath and palm branch. BMC 316ñ9.

700ñ1000

1500ñ2000

3000ñ5000

1165

ó. As prev., but obv bust often undraped, rev Nike r. BMC 320ñ2 (or var.) Illustrated above.

700ñ1000

1500ñ2000

3000ñ5000

Note: Bronzes of Aegae in Aeolis sometimes are incorrectly attributed to Vespasian Junior.

ANONYMOUS QUADRANTES OF THE PERIOD DOMITIAN THROUGH MARCUS AURELIUS

The Romans had coined quadrantes (plural for quadrans, which literally means ëquarterí) in Imperial times since the reign of Augustus, and continued to do so through the reign of Marcus Aurelius (161ñ180). More often than not, quadrantes bore the name of the issuing emperor, but seldom an Imperial portrait. Beginning in the reign of Domitian, however, a considerable number of quadrantes bore no inscription naming the emperor. Since they cannot be reliably cataloged under the emperors who issued them, all of the ëanonymousí quadrantes are listed below.

Except where noted, the obverses have no inscription and the reverses are inscribed only with SC. RIC references are to the listings in volume II, pp. 216ñ219.

Anonymous Quadrantes

F

VF

chVF

1166

Æ Quadrans obv Helmet rev Owl stg. r., hd. facing. RIC 11.

15ñ25

70ñ100

200ñ300

1167

ó obv Winged petasus rev Winged Caduceus. RIC 32.

5ñ15

30ñ50

70ñ100

1168

ó obv Griffin stg. r. or 1., placing paw on wheel rev Tripod. RIC 27ñ8.

15ñ25

70ñ100

200ñ300

1169

ó obv Hippopotamus stg. 1. rev Laurel branch. RIC 38.

20ñ40

150ñ200

400ñ600

1170

ó obv Rhinoceros stg. 1. rev Olive branch. RIC 36.

15ñ25

70ñ100

200ñ300

1171

ó obv As prev. rev Owl stg. RIC 37.

15ñ25

70ñ100

200ñ300

1172

ó obv Bust. r. of Spring as a child, crowned with flowers(?) and either dr. or wearing garland of flowers rev Large SC in wreath of flowers and leaves, cf. RIC 34. Van Heesch 3a,b. Note: The portraits on this and the following three coins are often misdescribed as being Annius Verus, the son of Lucius Verus who died while a child. However, J. Van Heesch (in Studia Paulo Naster Oblata, vol. I, 1982) has shown that they represent the ëfour seasons.í

70ñ100

200ñ300

400ñ600

1173

ó obv Hd. r. of Summer as a child, wearing a crown and garland of wheat ears rev Large SC in wreath of wheat ears. cf. RIC 34. Van Heesch 4.

70ñ100

200ñ300

400ñ600

1174

ó obv Hd. r. of Fall as a child, wearing a crown and garland of vine branch laden with grapes rev Large SC in wreath of vine branch laden with grapes. RIC 34. Van Heesch 2. Note: This particular bust is sometimes misdescribed as Bacchus.

70ñ100

200ñ300

400ñ600

1175

ó obv Veiled hd. r. of Winter as a child, crowned with reeds rev Large SC in wreath of olive branches. RIC 35. Van Heesch 1.

70ñ100

200ñ300

400ñ600

1176

ó obv Laur., dr. bust r. of Apollo rev Tripod. RIC 26.

5ñ15

30ñ50

70ñ100

1177

ó obv Dr. bust r. of long-haired Bacchus rev Elephant stg. r. RIC 33.

20ñ40

150ñ200

400ñ600

1178

ó obv Laur. or diad. hd. r. of bearded Jupiter rev Eagle stg. facing on thunderbolt, hd. r. or 1. RIC 1ñ5.

5ñ15

30ñ50

70ñ100

1179

ó obv As prev. rev Winged thunderbolt. RIC 6.

5ñ15

30ñ50

70ñ100

1180

ó obv Helm, bust r. of Mars, sometimes cuir. rev Trophy of arms. RIC 21.

5ñ15

30ñ50

70ñ100

1181

ó obv As prev. rev Cuirass. RIC 19.

5ñ15

30ñ50

70ñ100

1182

ó obv As prev. rev Legionary eagle betw. two standards. RIC 22.

15ñ25

70ñ100

200ñ300

1183

ó obv As prev. rev Shield on which are she-wolf and twins upon crossed spears. RIC 20.

15ñ25

70ñ100

200ñ300

1184

ó obv As prev. rev Cornucopia. RIC 23.

15ñ25

70ñ100

200ñ300

1185

ó obv Dr. bust r. or 1. of Mercury, wearing winged petasus, caduceus behind rev Cock stg. r. RIC 29ñ30.

15ñ25

70ñ100

200ñ300

1186

ó obv As prev., but no caduceus rev Winged caduceus. RIC 31.

5ñ15

30ñ50

70ñ100

1187

ó obv Helm., dr. bust r. of Minerva rev Owl stg. r. or 1., hd. facing. RIC 7ñ8.

5ñ15

30ñ50

70ñ100

1188

ó obv As prev. rev Olive tree. RIC 9.

5ñ15

30ñ50

70ñ100

1189

ó obv As prev. rev Club. RIC 10.

15ñ25

50ñ75

125ñ175

1190

ó obv As prev. rev shield facing, lying on spear. RIC.

15ñ25

70ñ100

200ñ300

1191

ó obv Diad., dr. bust r. of Neptune, sometimes bearded, trident behind rev Dolphin coiled around anchor. RIC 14,6.

15ñ25

50ñ75

125ñ175

1192

ó obv As prev., but unbearded rev Dolphin. RIC 15.

15ñ25

70ñ100

200ñ300

1193

ó obv Helm., dr. bust r. of Roma(?) rev Aequitas stg. 1., hldg. scales and cornucopia. RIC 12.

15ñ25

50ñ75

125ñ175

1194

ó obv As prev. rev Fortuna stg. 1. RIC 13.

5ñ15

30ñ50

70ñ100

1195

ó obv Hd. r. or 1. of bearded Tiber crowned with reeds rev She-wolf and twins. RIC 17ñ8.

15ñ25

70ñ100

200ñ300

1196

ó obv Diad., dr. bust r. of Venus rev Dove stg. r. or 1. RIC 24ñ5.

5ñ15

30ñ50

70ñ100

COINS OF THE MINES

In addition to the regular quadrantes struck by the Romans there is a series of fractional aes (usually c. 14 to 17 mm in diameter) honoring the Imperial mines in Noricum, Dalmatia, Pannonia (Illyria) and Dardania (Moesia). On the reverse the word metallis (meaning mines) was abbreviated and paired with the name of the mine (or the region), and sometimes with the name of an emperor. In the latter cases the inscription may indicate that the mine was opened during that emperorís reign or, as has been suggested, that the mine was opened during that emperorís earlier tenure as governor of the region. The more important mines were the property of the emperor, and were operated by lessees (conductores) under the supervision of a provincial mine administrator, a procurator metallorum.

Most of these pieces were struck during the reigns of Hadrian and Trajan, with Marcus Aurelius striking on a smaller scale. Most bear the portraits and inscriptions of emperors on the obverse, though some are anonymous. Only infrequently does the inscription SC occur (and this may merely represent an attempt to imitate the regular Imperial aes). Although their destination seems to have been the mining locations (for they tend to be found in the Balkans) they probably were struck in Rome.

Obverse inscriptions on coins naming emperors:

Trajan:

IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG (GERM or GER DAC)

 

IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P

 

IMP CAES TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PART

 

IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DACICO (or DAC P M) TR P COS V P P

Hadrian:

HADRIAN VS AVGVSTVS P P

 

IMP CAESAR TRAIAIN HADRIAN VS AVG

Ant. Pius:

ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS

Most mines coins appear to be quadrantes, though some (such as the first piece, with a radiate crown) may be semisses. Except where noted, the obverses feature the right-facing laureate head of the emperor named.

Coins of the Mines

F

VF

chVF

1197

Trajan, A.D. 98ñ117 obv Rad. hd. r. rev METALL VLPIANI PANN, Moneta-Aequitas stg. 1., hldg. scales and cornucopia. RIC II, p.294, 706.

150ñ200

400ñ600

ó

1198

ó rev DARDAN1CI, woman stg. 1., hldg. grain ears, often gathering her gown with her 1. hand. RIC II, p.294, 703ñ4.

100ñ150

250ñ350

500ñ800

1199

ó rev METALL(I) VLPIANI DELM, type as 1197. RIC II, pp.294ñ5, 705,10.

100ñ150

250ñ350

500ñ800

1200

ó rev METALLI PANNONICI, type as 1197. RIC II, p.294, 707.

100ñ150

250ñ350

500ñ800

1201

ó rev METALLI VLPIANI, type as 1197, sometimes with SC. RIC II, pp.294ñ5, 708ñ9.

100ñ150

250ñ350

500ñ800

1202

Hadrian, A.D. 117ñ138 rev AELIANA PINCEN-SIA in wreath. RIC II, p.474, 1012. Note: The Met-alla Aeliana Pincemiana was opened by Hadrian at Pincum or Pincus in Moesia.

150ñ200

400ñ600

ó

1203

ó rev MET NOR in wreath. RIC II, p.474, 1011añb. Note: Hadrianís bust is sometimes draped.

100ñ150

250ñ350

500ñ800

1204

Antoninus Pius, A.D. 138ñ161 rev As 1198. RIC III, p.157, 1068b.

100ñ150

250ñ350

500ñ800

1205

Anonymous (under Trajan or Hadrian) obv ROMA, helm., dr. bust r. of Roma rev As 1198. RIC II, p.475, 1016.

80ñ120

200ñ300

400ñ600

1206

ó obv No inscr., laur. hd. r. of Diana(?) rev METAL(I) DELM, stag stg. 1. RIC II, p.474, 1015.

100ñ150

250ñ350

500ñ800

1207

ó obv No inscr., dr. bust r. of Diana, quiver at shoulder rev METAL or METALI DELM, stag stg. 1. RIC II, p.474, 1013, and var.

100ñ150

250ñ350

500ñ800

1208

ó obv No inscr., helm. hd. r. of Mars rev METAL DELM, cuirass. RIC II, p.474, 1014.

80ñ120

200ñ300

400ñ600

1209

Anonymous (under Antoninus Pius) obv No inscr., helm., dr. bust r. of Roma rev As 1198. RIC II, 1016.

80ñ120

200ñ300

400ñ600

1210

Anonymous (under Marcus Aurelius) obv No inscr., laur., dr. bust r. of female rev METAL AVRE-LIANIS in wreath. RIC III, p.313, 1255. Note: Seemingly the last coin struck for the Roman mines, its reverse inscription indicates that the mine was opened by Marcus Aurelius.

150ñ200

400ñ600

ó

The values are estimates for conservatively graded, essentially problem-free coins. Defects or merits will alter prices, often significantly. Dashes (ó) indicate values which cannot be accurately determined (at the high end) or which are negligible (at the low end). Coins with the same value range are not always equally valuable, for they may represent different ends of the same spectrum.

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