Photo Insert

Sarcophagus of the Spouses, 6th century b.c.e.
Terra-cotta, 114 x 19 cm.
National Etruscan Museum, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.1)

Apollo of Veii, c. 550–20 b.c.e.
Terra-cotta, 174 cm.
Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.2)

Apollo Belvedere, c. 350–25 b.c.e.
White marble, 224 cm.
Vatican Museums, Vatican City. (Photo Credit ill.3)

Boxer, 225 b.c.e.
Bronze, 128 cm.
Museo Nazionale, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.4)

Pasquin, 3rd century b.c.e.
Marble, 192 cm.
Piazza di Pasquino, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.5)

Augustus of Prima Porta, c. 15 c.e.
White marble, 205 cm.
Vatican Museums, Vatican City. (Photo Credit ill.6)

Villa dei Misteri friezes, 1st century.
Pompeii, Italy. (Photo Credit ill.7)

Roman Forum, the judicial and political center of imperial Rome, 1st century. (Photo Credit ill.9)

Temple of Fortuna Virilis, 75 b.c.e.
Rome. (Photo Credit ill.10)

Pyramid of Cestius, 12 b.c.e.
Rome. (Photo Credit ill.11)

Baths of Caracalla, 212–16 c.e.
Rome. (Photo Credit ill.12)

Pont du Gard, 1st century.
Gard River, southern France. (Photo Credit ill.13)

Plan of Santo Stefano Rotondo,
c. 468–83 c.e.
Rome. (Photo Credit ill.14)

Cola da Caprarola, Santa Maria della Consolazione, 1508.
Todi, Italy. (Photo Credit ill.15)

Apse of Santi Cosma e Damiano, 526–30 c.e.
Rome. (Photo Credit ill.16)

San Clemente Basilica, 12th century. Mosaic.
Rome. (Photo Credit ill.17)

Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, 176 c.e.
Bronze, 350 cm.
The Campidoglio, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.18)

The School of Athens, 1509–10.
Fresco, 500 x 770 cm.
Apostolic Palace, Vatican City. (Photo Credit ill.19)

Portrait of a Young Woman
(also known as La fornarina), 1518–20.
Oil on wood, 85 x 60 cm.
Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.20)

The Triumph of Galatea, 1513.
Fresco, 295 x 224 cm.
Villa Farnesina, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.21)

The Liberation of Saint Peter from Prison, 16th century.
Stanze di Raffaello, Vatican Palace, Vatican. (Photo Credit ill.22)

Moses, c. 1513–15.
Marble, 235 cm.
San Pietro in Vincoli, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.23)

Sistine Chapel, 1537-41.
Vatican City. (Photo Credit ill.24)

Piazza del Campidoglio, 1536–46.
Rome. (Photo Credit ill.25)

The Last Judgment, 1537–41. Fresco.
Sistine Chapel, Vatican City. (Photo Credit ill.26)

Annibale Carracci
The Bean Eater, 1583–90.
Oil on canvas, 57 x 68 cm.
Galleria Colonna, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.27)

Annibale Carracci
The Triumph of Bacchus and Ariadne, 1597.
Palazzo Farnese, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.28)

Rest on the Flight into Egypt, 1597.
Oil on canvas, 135.5 x 166.5 cm.
Galleria Doria Pamphilj, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.29)

The Calling of Saint Matthew, 1599–1600.
Oil on canvas, 322 x 340 cm.
San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.30)

Crucifixion of Saint Peter, 1601.
Oil on canvas, 230 x 175 cm.
Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.31)

Stefano Maderno
Martyrdom of Saint Cecilia, 1600.
Santa Cecilia in Trastevere, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.32)

Nicolas Poussin
Et in Arcadia Ego, 1637–38.
Oil on canvas, 121 x 185 cm.
Musée du Louvre, Paris. (Photo Credit ill.33)

Diego Velázquez
Portrait of Innocent X, 1650.
Oil on canvas, 119 x 114 cm.
Galleria Doria Pamphilj, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.34)

Baldachin of Saint Peter’s Basilica, 1623–34.
Vatican City. (Photo Credit ill.35)

The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa, 1647–52.
Marble, 150 cm.
Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.36)

Apollo and Daphne, 1624.
Marble, 243 cm.
Galleria Borghese, Rome. (Photo Credit ill.37)

Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi, 1651.
Rome. (Photo Credit ill.38)

Saint Peter’s Square, 1656–67.
Vatican City. (Photo Credit ill.39)

Sant’Agnese in Agone, 1653–57.
Rome. (Photo Credit ill.40)

Giovanni Paolo Pannini
Preparations to Celebrate the Birth of the Dauphin of France, 1729.
Oil on canvas, 110 x 252 cm.
Musée du Louvre, Paris. (Photo Credit ill.41)

Sant’Ivo alla Sapienza, 1642–60.
Rome. (Photo Credit ill.42)

Pier Leone Ghezzi
Dr. James Hay as Bear Leader, c. 1704–29.
Pen and ink on paper, 36.3 x 24.3 cm.
British Museum, London.
(Photo Credit ill.44)

Giovanni Paolo Pannini
Interior of Saint Peter’s, Rome, 1731.
Oil on canvas,
145.7 x 228.3 cm.
Saint Louis Art Museum,
Saint Louis, Missouri. (Photo Credit ill.45)

Giovanni Paolo Pannini
Interior of the Pantheon, 1734.
Oil on canvas, 144.1 x 114.3 cm.
Samuel H. Kress Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (Photo Credit ill.46)

Giovanni Battista Piranesi
The Prisons (Carceri), 1745–61.
Etching, 77.79 x 51.43 cm.
Los Angeles County Museum of Art,
Los Angeles, California.
(Photo Credit ill.47)

Anton Raphael Mengs
Johann Joachim Winckelmann, 1755.
Oil on canvas, 63.5 x 49.2 cm.
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.(Photo Credit ill.48)

Alessandro Albani
Villa Albani, 1751–63.
Etching, 43.2 x 62.2 cm.
Staatliche Museen zu Berlin
Kupferstichkabinett, Berlin. (Photo Credit ill.49)

Henry Fuseli
The Artist Moved by the Grandeur of Ancient Ruins, 1778–80.
Red chalk on sepia wash, 105.4 x 90.2 cm.
Kunsthaus, Zurich. (Photo Credit ill.50)

Johann Zoffany
Charles Towneley and His Friends in the Towneley Gallery, 33 Park Street, Westminster, 1781–83.
Oil on canvas, 127 x 99.1 cm.
Towneley Hall Art Gallery and Museum, Burnley, Lancashire, England. (Photo Credit ill.51)

Jacques-Louis David
Oath of the Horatii, 1784.
Oil on canvas, 326 x 420 cm.
Musée du Louvre, Paris. (Photo Credit ill.52)

Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein
Goethe in the Roman Campagna, 1786–87.
Oil on canvas, 164 x 206 cm.
Staedelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main. (Photo Credit ill.53)

Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe at the Window of His Dwelling on the Corso in Rome, 1787.
Watercolor, 30.2 x 19.6 cm.
Freies Deutsches Hochstift, Frankfurt am Main. (Photo Credit ill.54)

McKim, Mead & White
Pennsylvania Station, 1910.
New York, New York. (Photo Credit ill.55)

You can support the site and the Armed Forces of Ukraine by following the link to Buy Me a Coffee.

If you find an error or have any questions, please email us at Thank you!