Post-classical history


Please note that the excellent and authoritative three-volume reference work Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology edited by Clifford J. Rogers (Oxford, 2010) is too comprehensive to list separately all the articles relevant to this book, excepting the indulgence of my own germane entries. As a general rule in the bibliography, unlike in the endnotes, articles are not cited separately when they appear in volumes of collected papers of the authors’ works.

Place of publication is London unless otherwise stated.

Abulafia, D., Frederick II: A Medieval Emperor, Harmondsworth, 1988

Ahlers, J., Die Welfen und Die Englische Könige, 1165–1235, Hildesheim, 1987

Ailes, M. and Barber, M. (eds and trans), The History of the Holy War, Woodbridge, 2003

Allen, M., ‘The Volume of the English Currency, 1158–1470’, Economic History Review, 54 (4), 2001

Allmand, C. (ed), Society at War: The Experience of England and France during the Hundred Years War, Woodbridge, 1998

Allmand, C., ‘The Reporting of War in the Middle Ages’, in Diana Dunn (ed), War and Society in Medieval and Early Modern Britain, Liverpool, 2000

Allmand, C., ‘War and Non-Combatants in the Middle Ages’, in Keen, Medieval Warfare

Allmand, C., Henry V, 1992

Allmand, C., The Hundred Years War: England and France at War, c.1300–c.1450, Cambridge, 1988

Ambroise, The Crusade of Richard Lionheart by Ambroise, ed. and trans. M. J. Hubert and J.L. La Monte, New York, 1976 (reprint)

Amt, E., The Accession of Henry II in England: Royal Government Restored, 1149–1159, Woodbridge, 1993

Annales Monastici, [AM], ed. H.R. Luard, Rolls Series, 1864–69

Anonymous of Béthune, [AB], Histoire des Ducs de Normandie et des Rois d’Angleterre, ed. F. Michelet, Paris, 1840

Anonymous of Béthune, Chroniques des Rois de France, in Recueil des Historiens de Gaules et de la France, xxiv, ed. L. Delisle

Anstruther, I., The Knight and the Umbrella, 1963

Appleby, J. (ed and trans), The Chronicle of Richard of Devizes, 1963

Appleby, J., England Without Richard, 1189–1199, 1965

Arndt, W. (ed), Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, Hanover, 1869

Arnold, B., ‘England and Germany’, in Michael Jones and Malcolm Vale (eds), England and Her Neighbours, 1066–1453, 1989

Arnold, B., ‘German Bishops and their Military Retinues in Medieval Europe’, German History, 7 (2), 1989

Arnold, B., ‘Germany and England, 1066–1453’, in Nigel Saul (ed), England in Europe, 1066–1453, 1994

Arnold, B., Princes and Territories in Medieval Germany, Cambridge, 1991

Audouin, E., Essai sur l’Armée Royale au Temps de Philippe Auguste, Paris, 1913

Ayton, A., Knights and Warhorses: Military Service and the English Aristocracy under Edward III, Woodbridge, 1994

Bachrach, B., ‘Early Medieval Military Demography: Some Observations on the Methods of Hans Delbrück’, in D. J. Kagay and L. J. Andrew Villalon (eds), The Circle of War in the Middle Ages, Woodbridge, 1999

Bachrach, B., Rogers, C. J., DeVries, K. (eds), Journal of Medieval Military History, Woodbridge, 2002-

Baldwin, J., ‘Le Sens du Bouvines’, Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale, 30, 1987

Baldwin, J., ‘Philip Augustus and the Norman Church’, French Historical Studies, 6 (1), 1969

Baldwin, J., The Government of Philip Augustus, Berkeley, 1986

Baraz, D., Medieval Cruelty, Ithaca, 2003

Barber, M., The New Knighthood: A History of the Order of the Temple, Cambridge, 1994

Barber, R. (ed), Life and Campaigns of the Black Prince, 1979

Barber, R., Edward: Prince of Wales and Aquitaine, Woodbridge, 1978

Barber, R., Henry Plantagenet, Woodbridge, new edn, 2001

Barber, R., The Knight and Chivalry, Woodbridge, 1995

Barlow, F., The Feudal Kingdom of England, 1042–1216, 4th edn, Harlow 1998

Barnie, J., War in Medieval English Society: Social Values in the Hundred Years War, 1377–99, New York, 1974

Barnwell Chronicler [BC], Memoriale Walteri de Coventria, ed. W. Stubbs, 2 vols, RS, 1879–80

Barrat, N.,’The Revenues of King John’, EHR, 111 (443), 1996

Barratt, N., ‘The Revenues of King John and Philip Augustus Revisited’, in Church, King John

Barrow, G.W.S., ‘The Scots and the North of England’, in Edmund King (ed), The Anarchy of King Stephen’s Reign, Oxford, 1994

Bartlett, R., England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings, 1075–1225, Oxford, 2000

Bartlett, R., The Making of Europe: Conquest, Colonization and Cultural Challenge, 950–1350, Harmondsworth, 1993

Bates, D. and Curry, A. (eds), England and Normandy in the Middle Ages, London, 1994

Bautier, R-H. (ed), La France de Philippe Auguste: Le Temps des Mutations, Paris, 1982

Beeler, J., Warfare in Feudal Europe, Ithaca, 1971

Benjamin, R., ‘The Angevin Empire’, in Nigel Saul (ed), England in Europe, 1066–1453, London, 1994;

Bennett, M., ‘Military Masculinity in England and Northern France, c.1050–c.1215’, in D.M. Hadley (ed), Masculinity in Medieval Europe, 1999

Bennett, M., ‘Wace and Warfare’, in ANW

Bennett, M., Agincourt 1415: Triumph Against the Odds, 1991

Bennett, M., The Battle of Bosworth, Stroud, 1985

Bloch, M., Feudal Society, Chicago, 1961

Boardman, A., The Battle of Towton, Stroud, 1996

Bolton, B., ‘Philip Augustus and John: Two Sons in Innocent III’s Vineyard?’, Innocent III: Studies on Papal Authority and Pastoral Care, Aldershot, 1995

Bolton, J., ‘Inflation, Economics and Politics in Thirteenth-Century England’, TCE, 4, 1992

Bolton, J., ‘The English Economy in the Early Thirteenth Century’, in Church, King John

Bordonove, G., Philippe Auguste, Paris, 1986

Bothwell, J.S., Falling From Grace: Reversal of Fortune and the English Nobility, 1075–1455, Manchester, 2008

Bouet, P. and Gazeau, V. (eds) La Normandie et l’Angleterre au Moyen Âge, Caen, 2003

Boussard, J., ‘Philippe Auguste et les Plantgenêts’, in R.H. Bautier, La France de Philippe Auguste

Boutellier, P., ‘Le Siège et la Prie du Château Gaillard’, Revue Historique de l’Armée, 1946

Bradbury, J, The Medieval Siege, Woodbridge, 1992

Bradbury, J., ‘Philip Augustus and Jim Bradbury: Personality and History’, in Church, King John

Bradbury, J., Philip Augustus: King of France, 1180–1223, Harlow, 1998

Bradbury, J., Stephen and Matilda: The Civil War of 1139–53, Gloucester, 1996

Bradbury, J., The Battle of Hastings, Gloucester, 1999

Bradbury, J., The Capetians, 2007

Bradbury, J., The Medieval Archer, Woodbridge, 1985

Bradbury, J., The Medieval Siege, Woodbridge, 1992

Brentano, R., Two Churches: England and Italy in the Thirteenth Century, Berkely, 1968

Breuilly, J., Nationalism and the State, 2nd edn., Manchester, 1993

Brooke, C. and Gillian Keir, G., London, 800–1216: the Shaping of a City, 1975

Brooks, F.W., ‘The Battle of Damme, 1213’, Mariner’s Mirror, 19, 1933

Brooks, F.W., ‘The Cinque Ports’, Mariner’s Mirror, 25, 1929

Brooks, F.W. and Oakley, F., ’The Campaign and Battle of Lincoln, 1217’, Associated Architectural Societies’ Reports and Papers, vol. 26., part 2, 1922

Brooks, F.W., The Battle of Stamford Bridge, York, 1963

Brooks, F.W., The English Naval Forces, 1199–1272, 1933

Brown R. A. (ed), The Norman Conquest: Documents of Medieval History, 1984

Brown, A. L., The Governance of Late Medieval England, 1989

Brown, R. A., English Castles, 3rd edn.,1976

Brown, R. A., The Normans and the Norman Conquest, Woodbridge, 1985

Brown, R.A., Rochester Castle, 2nd edn., English Heritage, 1986

Brundage, J., Richard Lionheart, New York, 1973

Burgess, G., Two Medieval Outlaws: Eustace the Monk and Fouke Fitz Waryn, Woodbridge, 1997

Cannon, H., ‘The Battle of Sandwich and Eustace the Monk’, EHR, 27, 1912

Carpenter, D., ‘English Peasants in Politics, 1258–1267’ Past and Present, 136, 1992

Carpenter, D., The Minority of Henry III, 1990

Carpenter, D., The Struggle for Mastery: Britain, 1066–1284, 2003

Carpenter, The Reign of Henry III, 1996

Cartellieri, A., Philip II. August, König von Frankreich, Leipzig, 1899–1922

Carter, K., ‘Arthur I, Duke of Brittany, in History and Literature’, unpublished PhD thesis, The Florida State University, 1996

Cazel, F., ‘The Legates Guala and Pandulf’, in TCE 2.

Charles Petit-Dutaillis, C., The Feudal Monarchy in France and England, 1936

Châtelain, A., Châteaux Forts en Île de France, Paris, 1983

Chaytor, H., Savaryc de Mauléon, Cambridge, 1939

Cheney, C.R. and Semple, W. (eds), Selected Letters of Pope Innocent III Concerning England, 1198–1216, 1953

Cheney, C.R., From Becket to Langton: English Church Government, 1170–1213, Manchester, 1956

Cheney, C.R., Innocent III and England, Stuttgart, 1979

Cheney, C.R., The Papacy and England: Twelfth to Fourteenth Centuries, 1982

Choffel, J., Louis le Lion: Roi de France Méconnu, Roi d’Angleterre Ignoré, Paris, 1983

Chrimes, S.B., An Introduction to the Administrative History of Medieval England, 2nd edn., Oxford, 1959

Chroniques des Comtes d’Anjou et des Seignuers d’Amboise, ed. L. Halphen and R. Poupardin, Paris, 1913

Church, S.D., ‘The Earliest English Muster Roll, 18/19 December, 1215’, Historical Research, 67 (162), 1994

Church, S.D., ‘The Knights of the Household of King John: a Question of Numbers’, TCE, 4, 1992

Church, S.D. (ed), King John: New Interpretations, Woodbridge, 1999

Church, S.D., The Household Knights of King John, Cambridge, 1999

Church, S.D., ‘King John’s Testament and the Last Days of His Reign’, EHR, 125, 2010

Churchill, W., A History of the English Speaking Peoples, 1956

Clanchy, M., England and its Rulers, 1066–1272, 1983

Clarke, P., The Interdict in the Thirteenth Century, Oxford, 2007.

Clausewitz, C.von, On War, Harmondsworth, 1968 [1832]

Clowes, W., The Royal Navy, Volume I, 1897

Connelly, J, ‘Rampaging’, London Review of Books, 22 June 2006

Contamine, P. and Guyotjeannin, D. (eds), La Guerre, la Violence, et Les Gens au Moyen Âge (2 vols), Paris, 1996

Contamine, P., ‘L’Armée de Philippe Auguste’, in Bautier, La France de Philippe Auguste

Contamine, P., ‘Rançons et Butins dans la Normandie Anglaise, 1424–1444’, in Actes du 101e Congrès National des Sociétés Savantes (Lille, 1976), La Guerre et la Paix: Frontières et Violences au Moyen Age, Paris, 1978

Contamine, P., Giry-Deloison, C. and Keen, M. (eds), Guerre et Société en France, en Angleterre et en Bourgogne, XIVe-XVe Siècle, Lille, 1991

Contamine, P., War in the Middle Ages, Oxford, 1984

Cookson, J., ‘What if Napoleon had Landed?’, History Today, 53 (9), 2003, 17

Coss, P. and Lloyd, S. (eds), Thirteenth Century England, Woodbridge, 1985–

Coss, P. (ed), Thomas Wright’s Political Songs of England: From the Reign of John to that of Edward III, Cambridge, 1996 [1839], 2–3

Coss, P., and Tyerman, C. (eds), Soldiers, Nobles and Gentlemen: Essays in Honour of Maurice Keen, Woodbridge, 2010

Coss, P., The Knight in Medieval England, 1000–1400, Stroud, 1993

Coulson, C., ‘“National” Requisitioning for “Public” Use of “Private” Castles in Pre-Nation State France’, in Alfred Smyth (ed), Medieval Europeans: Studies in Ethnic Identity and National Perspectives in Medieval Europe, 1998

Coulson, C., ‘Fortress Policy in Capetian Tradition and Angevin Practice’, in ANS, 6, 1983, 15

Coulson, C., Castles in Medieval Society: Fortresses in England, France, and Ireland in the Central Middle Ages, Oxford, 2003

Cowdrey, H. E. J., Popes, Monks and Crusaders, 1984

Cowley R. (ed), What If? Military Historians Imagine What Might Have Been, 2000

Cowley, R. (ed), More What If? Eminent Historians Imagine What Might Have Been, 2004

Critchley, J., ‘Summonses to Military Service early in the Reign of Henry III’, EHR, 86 (1), 1971.

Crouch, D., The Reign of King Stephen, 1135–54, Harlow, 2000

Crouch, D., William Marshal: Court, Career and Chivalry in the Angevin Empire, 1147–1219, 1990

Crouch, D., ‘Baronial Paranoia’ and ‘The Complaint of King John against William de Braose’, in Loengard (ed), Magna Carta and the England of King John

Crouch, D., ‘The Complaint of King John against William de Braose’, in Loengard (ed), Magna Carta and the England of King John

Crouch, D., ‘Normans and Anglo-Normans: A Divided Aristocracy?’, in Bates and Curry, England and Normandy in the Middle Ages

Crouch, D., The Reign of King Stephen, 1135–1154, Harlow, 2000

Curnow, P., ‘Some Devlopments in Military Architecture c. 1200: Le Courdray-Salbart’, ANS 2, 1979

Curry, A., Agincourt: A New History, Stroud, 2005

Curry, A., ‘Medieval Warfare: England and Her Continental Neighbours, Eleventh to the Fourteenth Centuries’, JMH, 21 (3), 1997

Curveiller, S., ’Le Bois et la Flandre Maritime au Moyen Âge’, Le Moyen Âge, 106 (2), 2000.

Cuttino, G.P., English Medieval Diplomacy, Bloomington, 1985

Dalton, P. and White. G. (eds), King Stephen’s Reign, 1135–1154, Woodbridge, 2008

Davies, R.R., The First English Empire: Power and Identities in the British Isles, 1093–1343, Oxford, 2000

Davis, R.H.C., King Stephen, 3rd edn,1990

Delbrück, H., Medieval Warfare, trans. W. J. Renfroe, Lincoln, 1982 [1924]

Dockray, K., Henry V, Stroud, 2004

Douglas, D.C. and Greenaway, G. (eds), English Historical Documents, II: 1042–1189, 2nd edn., Oxford, 1981

Douglas, D.C., William the Conqueror, 1964

Duby, G., France in the Middle Ages, 987–1460, Oxford, 1991

Duby, G., The Early Growth of the European Economy: Warriors and Peasants from the Seventh to the Twelfth Centuries, Ithaca, 1974,

Duby, G., The Legend of Bouvines, Cambridge, 1990

Duffy, S., ‘John and Ireland: the Origins of England’s Irish Problem’, in Church, King John

Duggan, A. (ed), Kings and Kingship in Medieval Europe, 1993

Dunabin, J. France in the Making, 843–1180, Oxford, 1985

Dunbabin, J., Captivity and Imprisonment in Medieval Europe, 1000–1300, Basingstoke, 2002

Duncan, A., ‘John King of England and the King of Scots’, in Church, King John

Edbury, P.W. (ed and trans), The Conquest of Jerusalem and the Third Crusade: Sources in Translation, Aldershot, 1996

English, B., ‘Towns, Mottes and Ring-works of the Conquest’, in A. Ayton and J. L. Price (eds), The Medieval Military Revolution: State, Society and Military Change in Medieval and Early Modern Europe, London, 1995

Erickson, J., ‘The Ultimate Wound’, The Times Literary Supplement, 28 August 1998

Erlande-Brandenburg, A., ‘L’Architecture Militaire au Temps de Philippe Auguste: une Nouvelle Conception de la Défense’, in Bautier, La France de Philippe Auguste

Erlande-Brandenburg, A., ‘Organisation du Conseil d’Architecture et des Corps des Spécialistes sous Philippe Auguste’, in X.B. Altet (ed), Artistes, Artisans et Productions Artistique au Moyen Age, Paris, 1987

Everard, J. and Holt, J.C., Jersey 1204, 2004

Everard, J., Brittany and the Angevins, Cambridge, 2000

Evergates, T., Feudal Society in the Bailliage of Troyes under the Counts of Champagne, 1152–1284, Baltimore, 1975

Faulkner, K., ‘The Knights in the Magna Carta Civil War’, in TCE, 8, 2001

Fawtier, R., ‘Un Fragment du Compte de l’Hôtel de Prince Louis’, in Fawtier, Autour de la France Capétienne: Personnages et Institutions, 1987 [1933]

Fawtier, R., The Capetian Kings of France: Monarchy and Nation, 987–1328, Basingstoke, 1960

Feodora, conventiones, litterae, ed. T. Rymer, 1703

Ferguson, N., Virtual History: Alternatives and Counterfactuals, 1997

Fino, J., Fortresses de la France Mediévale, Paris, 1967

Fiorato, V., Boystlon, A., and Knüsel, C., Blood Red Roses: The Archaeology of a Mass Grave from the Battle of Towton AD 1461, Oxford, 2000

Fischer, D., The Great Wave: Price Revolutions and the Rhythm of History, Oxford, 1996

Flori, J., Philippe Auguste, Paris, 2007

Flori, J., Richard the Lionheart: Knight and King, trans. Jean Birrell, Westport, 2006

Foley, V., Palmer, G. and Soedel, W., ‘The Crossbow’, Scientific American, 1985

Forde, S., Johnson, L. and Murray, A., Concepts of National Identity in the Middle Ages, Leeds, 1995

Foreville, R., Le Pape Innocent III et la France, Stutthart, 1992

Forey, A., The Military Orders: From the Twelfth to the Early Fourteenth Centuries,1992

Frame, R., The Political Development of the British Isles, 1100–1400, Oxford, 1990

France, J., ‘Recent Writing on Medieval Warfare: From the Fall of Rome to c.1300’, Journal of Military History, 65 (2), 2001

France, J., Western Warfare in the Age of the Crusades, 1000–1300, 1999

Friel, I., ‘Oars, Sails and Guns: The English and War at Sea, c.1200–c.1500’, in Hattendorf and Unger, War at Sea

Friel, I., The Good Ships: Ships, Shipbuilding and Technology in England, 1200–1520, 1995

Froissart, Chronicles, ed. and trans. Geoffrey Brereton, Harmondsworth, 1978

Fryde, E., Peasants and Landlords in Later Medieval England, Stroud, 1996

Fryde, N., ‘King John and the Empire’, in Church, King John

Fryde, N., Why Magna Carta? Angevin England Revisited, Munster, 2001

Fuhrman, H., Germany in the High Middle Ages, trans. Timothy Reuter, Cambridge, 1986

Gauthier, G., Philippe Auguste, Paris, 2002

Gauvard, C., ‘Justification and Theory of the Death Penalty at the Parlement of Paris in the Late Middle Ages’, in Christopher Allmand (ed), War, Government and Power in Late Medieval France, Liverpool, 2000

Gellner, E., Nations and Nationalism, Oxford, 1983

Gerald of Wales, Expugnatio Hibernica, ed. and trans. by A.B. Scott and F.X. Martin, Dublin, 1978

Gerald of Wales, Giraldi Cambrensis Opera, (8 vols), eds. J.S. Brewer, J.F. Dimcock and G.F Warner, RS, 1861–91

Gerald of Wales, The Journey Through Wales / The Description of Wales, 1978

Gervase of Canterbury, The Historical Works of Gervase of Canterbury, ed. W. Stubbs, RS, 1880

Gesta Stephani, eds. K.R. Potter and R.H.C. Davis, Oxford, 1976, 224

Gilbert of Mons, Chronicle of Hainaut, ed. and trans. Laura Napran, Woodbridge, 2005

Gillingham, J., ‘The Anonymous of Béthune, King John and Magna Carta’, in Loengard, Magna Carta and the England of King John

Gillingham, J., ‘Historians Without Hindsight: Coggeshall, Diceto and Howden on the Early Years of John’s Reign’, in Church, King John

Gillingham, J., ‘Richard I and the Science of War’, in ANW

Gillingham, J., ‘Richard I, Galley Warfare and Portsmouth: The Beginnings of a Royal Navy’, TCE, 6, 1997.

Gillingham, J., ‘The King and the Castle’, BBC History, 10 (8), 2009

Gillingham, J., ‘War and Chivalry in the History of William the Marshal’ in ANW and Richard Couer de Lion

Gillingham, J., Richard Couer de Lion, 1994

Gillingham, J., Richard I,1999.

Gillingham, J., Richard the Lionheart, 2nd edn, 1989

Gillingham, J., The Angevin Empire, 2nd edn., 2001

Gillingham, J., The English in the Twelfth Century: Imperialism, National Identity and Politics, Woodbridge, 2000

Gillingham, J., The Wars of the Roses: Peace and Conflict in Fifteenth-Century England, 1981

Girouard, M., The Return to Camelot, Yale, 1981.

Given-Wilson, C. (ed. and trans), Chronicles of the Revolution, 1397–40: The Reign of Richard II, Manchester, 1993

Gobry, I., Les Capétiens, Paris, 2001

Goff, J. Le, Saint Louis, Paris, 1996

Golding, B., ‘Simon of Kyme: the Making of a Rebel’, Nottingham Medieval Studies, 27, 198

Gonthier, N., Le Châtiment du Crime au Moyen Âge, Rennes, 1998

Goodall, J., ‘Dover Castle and the Great Siege of 1216’, Château Gaillard XIX, 2000

Goodwin, G., Fatal Colours: Towton, 1461 – England’s Most Brutal Battle, 2011

Gorby, I., Louis VIII, 123–1226: Fils de Philippe II, Paris, 2009

Gougenheim, S., ‘Les Grands Traits de la Vie Politique’, in Michel Parisse (ed), L’Allemagne au XIIIe Siècle, Paris, 1994, 19–24

Green, D., Edward the Black Prince, Harlow, 2007

Green, D., The Battle of Poitiers, 1356, 2002

Green, J., ‘Lords of the Norman Vexin’, in J. C Holt and John Gillingham (eds), War and Government in the Middle Ages’, Woolbridge, 1984

Green, J., ‘Unity and Disunity in the Anglo-Norman State’, Historical Research, 62 (1), 1989

Green, V., The Madness of Kings: Personal Trauma and the Fate of Nations, Gloucester, 1993

Griffiths, Q., ‘The Capetian kings and St. Martin of Tours’, Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History, 9, 1987

Grimsley, M. and Rogers, C.J. (eds), Civilians in the Path of War, 2002

Hadenague, A., Philippe Auguste et Bouvines, Paris, 1978 [1935]

Hagger, M., ‘Theory and Practice in the Making of Twelfth-Century Pipe Rolls’, in Leongard, Magna Carta and the England of King John

Haines, J., ‘A Parody of Songs in Praise of War’, Speculum, 82 (2), 2007

Hajdu, R., ‘Castles, Castellans and the Structure of Politics in Poitou, 1152–1271, JMH, 4, 1978

Hallam, E., Capetian France, 987–1328, Harlow, 1980 (2nd edition with Judith Everard, 2001)

Hanley, C., War and Combat, 1150–1270: The Evidence of Old French Literature, Woodbridge, 2003

Harper-Bill, C. and Vincent, N. (eds), Henry II: New Interpretations, Woodbridge, 2007

Harper-Bill, C., ‘John and the Church of Rome’, in Church, King John

Harriss, G.L., Henry V: The Practice of Kingship, Oxford, 1985

Harvey, P., ‘The English Inflation of 1180–1220, Past and Present, 61, 1973

Hattendorf, J. and Unger, R. (eds), War at Sea in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, Woodbridge, 2003

Haverkampf, A., Medieval Germany, 1056–1273, trans. H. Braun and R. Mortimer, Oxford, 1988, 242–4.

Heiser, R., ‘Richard I and His Appointments to English Shrievalties’, EHR, 112 (445), 1997

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Holden, B., ‘King John, the Braoses and the Celtic Fringe, 1207–1216’, Albion, 33 (1), 2001

Holden, B., ‘The Balance of Patronage: King John and the Earl of Salisbury’, Haskins Society Journal, 8, 1996

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Hollister, C.W., The Military Organization of Norman England, Oxford, 1965.

Holt, J.C., ‘The Loss of Normandy and Royal Finance’, in J. Gillingham and J. C. Holt (eds), War and Government in the Middle Ages, Woodbridge, 1984

Holt, J.C., ‘The Treaty of Winchester’, in Edmund King (ed), The Anarchy of King Stephen Reign, Oxford, 1994

Holt, J.C., Magna Carta and Medieval Government, London, 1985

Holt, J.C., Magna Carta, 2nd edn, Cambridge, 1992

Holt, J.C., The Northeners, Oxford, 1992

Holzapfel, T., Papst Innozenz III, Philip II August, Koënig von Frankreich und die englisch-welfische Verbindung, 1198–1216, Frankfurt, 1991

Horne, A., ‘Letter From Verdun’, Prospect, August/September 1999

Hosler, J., Henry II: A Medieval Soldier at War, 1147–1189, Woodbridge, 2007

Howlett, R. (ed), Chronicles of the Reigns of Stephen, Henry II and Richard I, 1884, 4 vols, Rolls Series

Hudson, J., The Formation of the English Common Law: Law and Society in England from the Norman Conquest to Magna Carta, 1996

Huffman, J., The Social Politics of Medieval Diplomacy: Anglo-German Relations, 1066–1307, Michigan, 2000

Hutton, W., Philip Augustus,1896

Jane Martindale, ‘Eleanor of Aquitaine: The last Years’, in Church, King John

Johnston, R.C. (ed and trans), Jordan Fantosme’s Chronicle, Oxford, 1981

Joinville and Villehardouin, Chronicles of the Crusades, ed and trans M R B Shaw Harmondsworth, 1963

Joliffe, J.E.A., Angevin Kingship, 1963

Jones, J., King John and Magna Carta, Harlow, 1971

Jones, M., ‘War and Fourteenth-Century France’, in Anne Curry and Michael Hughes (eds), Arms, Armies and Fortifications in the Hundred Years War, Woodbridge, 1994

Jones, M., ‘The Capetians and Brittany’, Historical Research, 63 (1), 1990

Jones, M., Bosworth 1485, Stroud, 2002

Kaeuper, R.W. and Kennedy, E. (eds and trans), The Book of Chivalry of Geoffroi de Charny, Pennsylvania, 1996

Kaeuper, R.W., Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe, Oxford, 1999

Kaeuper, R.W., War, Justice and Public Order: England and France in the Later Middle Ages, Oxford, 1988

Kagay, D.J. and Villalon, L.J.A. (eds), The Circle of War in the Middle Ages, Woodbridge, 1999

Kagay, D.J. and Villalon, L.J.A. (eds), The Final Argument: The Imprint of Violence on Society in Medieval and Early Modern Europe, Woodbridge, 1998

Kantorowicz, E., The King’s Two Bodies: A Study in Medieval Political Theology, Princeton, 1957

Kapelle, W.E., The Norman Conquest of the North, 1000–1135, 1979

Keegan, J., A History of Warfare,1993

Keen, M. (ed), Medieval Warfare: A History, Oxford, 1999

Keen, M., ‘Chivalry, Nobility and the Man-at-Arms’, in Christopher Allmand (ed), War, Literature and Politics in the Late Middle Ages, Liverpool, 1976

Keen, M., Chivalry, 1984

Keen, M., Nobles, Knights and Men-at-Arms, 1996

Keen, M., The Laws of War in the Later Middle Ages, 1965

Kelly, A., Eleanor of Aquitaine and the Four Kings,1950

Kennedy, R. and Meecham-Jones, S. (eds), Writers of the Reign of Henry II, Basingstoke, 2006

Kidd, C., British Identities Before Nationalism: Ethnicity and Nationhood in the Atlantic World, 1600–1800, Cambridge, 1999

Latimer P., ‘Early Thirteenth-Century Prices’, in Church, King John

Latimer, P., ‘Rebellion in South-western England and the Welsh Marches, 1215–1217’, Historical Research, 80 (208), 2007

Lawrence, C., ‘The Thirteenth Century’, in C.H. Lawrence (ed), The English Church and the Papacy in the Middle Ages, 1965

Legge, M.D., ‘William the Marshal and Arthur of Brittany, Historical Research, 55 (1), 1982

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