Post-classical history

Lordship and peasant status in Lusignan and Venetian Cyprus

Lordship and peasant status in Lusignan and Venetian Cyprus

This chapter assesses the significance of 'serfdom' during and beyond the transition from Lusignan to Venetian Cyprus, and aims to analyse the reasons behind its survival into the sixteenth century. Despite the critical views coming from the administrators, Venice upheld the practice of forced labour and the main characteristics of the Lusignan agrarian system were preserved. Seeking to repopulate the island with immigrants, King James sent a desperate appeal to Venice for settlers from Venetian colonies to be sent to Cyprus: his request was turned down and he was told to look for other sources, turning his attention to refugees from places under Ottoman occupation. In this respect, keeping a close eye on peasant marriage was important, as dependent peasants could pursue upward social movement by marrying someone of higher status or someone who lived under different lordship with better opportunities.

Introduction

Part 1: Social relationships, communities and hierarchies

Chapter 1. Rural elites in medieval Valencia

Chapter 2. Monastic lordship and rural society in the middle Pesa Valley (Tuscany) from the late-twelfth to the late-thirteenth century

Chapter 3. Lordship and peasant status in Lusignan and Venetian Cyprus

Chapter 4. From vicinia to communitas. The evolution of village organisation and government in the eleventh- to fifteenth-century Poland

Chapter 5. Creative writing: how to create a rural community by writing about it – in the German South-West

Chapter 6. The rural parish

Part 2: Dealing with conflicts and adversity

Chapter 7. The monks and the masses at Saint-Leu d’Esserent: rural politics in northern France before the Jacquerie

Chapter 8. Access versus influence: peasants in court in the late medieval Low Countries

Chapter 9. Famine in medieval England

Chapter 10. Climate, pathogens and mammals: England in the age of emerging diseases, c. 1275–1362

Part 3: Work and making a living

Chapter 11. Peasant farmers and their farmworkers in later medieval England

Chapter 12. Rural households and the market for commodities in the later Middle Ages

Chapter 13. The commercialization of agriculture in the Mediterranean

Chapter 14. Tenure and the land market in northeastern England: a comparative perspective

Chapter 15. Aspects of farm labour in medieval Iceland: gender and childhood c. 1100–1400

Chapter 16. Technological capacity of women in the High Middle Ages

Chapter 17. The economic opportunities of rural women in late medieval Flanders

Part 4: Environment, landscapes and material culture

Chapter 18. New interdisciplinary approaches to life, land, and environment at Herstmonceux

Chapter 19. Mediterranean irrigation

Chapter 20. The pot, the knife and the ring; an archaeology of later medieval material culture

Chapter 21. A landscape transformed: the English countryside during the long thirteenth century

Chapter 22. Work, knowledge and technology of medieval farmers in Sweden – understanding medieval and rural life from experimental field work

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