Notes

1. What do we mean by polis?

1 Hom. Od. 9.114–15.

2 Hom., Il. 9.63.

3 Stentor was the herald of the Greek army fighting at Troy, his brazen voice was ‘as the voice of fifty other men’ (Hom. Il. 5.785–6).

2. The birth of Athens and the roots of democracy

1 Melanthus was a mythical king of Messenia. He was expelled from his country by the descendants of Heracles, and sought refuge in Athens.

3. Two lawgivers: Draco and Solon

1 Solon, fragment 28.

2 Solon, fragment 28.

3 Solon, fragment 28.

4 That is, of grain, wine and oil.

4. Pisistratus: Tyranny as a pathway to democracy

1 566 or 565.

2 534/543.

3 509.

6. Democracy, empire and the Persian Wars

1 February/March.

2 See M&L 15.

13. Democracy and the decline of the polis

1 See B. Meritt, ‘Greek inscriptions’, Hesperia (1952), 340–80, pp. 355–9.

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