BIBLIOGRAPHY

SOURCES

ARCHIVES AND SPECIAL COLLECTIONS

Archivio Centrale dello Stato (ACS)
Partitio Nazionale Fascista, Mostra della Rivoluzione Fascista
Partito Nazionale Fascista, Servizi Vari
The Wolfsonian, Florida International University (Wolfsonian Collection)

NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS

Almanacco Fascista del “Popolo d’Italia”
Architettura
Casabella
Capitolium
Corriere della Sera
Emporium
National Geographic Magazine
New York Times
Il Popolo d’Italia
Travel in Italy

GUIDE BOOKS

Attraverso L’Italia. Vol. 9 Roma, Parte I. Milan: Consociazione Turistica Italiana, 1941.

———. Vol. 10 Roma, Parte II. Milan: Consociazione Turistica Italiana, 1942.

———. Nuova Serie. Roma, Parte Prima. Milan: Touring Club Italiano, 1960.

———. Nuova Serie. Roma, Parte Seconda. Milan: Touring Club Italiano,1960.

Baedeker’s Italy from the Alps to Naples. Leipzig: Karl Baedeker, Publisher: 1928.

Guida d’Italia della Consociazione Turistica Italiana, Roma e Dintorni. Milan: Consociazione Turistica d’Italia, 1938.

Guida Breve. Vol. II Italia Centrale. Milan: Consociazione Turistica Italiana, 1939.

Guida Breve. Vol. II Italia Centrale: Milan: Touring Club Italiano, 1949.a

BOOKS AND ARTICLES

Alfieri, Dino, and Luigi Freddi. Mostra della Rivoluzione Fascista. Rome: Partito Nazionale Fascista, 1933. Facsimile edition. Milan: Industrie Grafiche Italiana, 1982.

Caetani, Gelasio, “By Draining the Malarial Wastes Around Rome, Italy Has Created a Promised Land.” National Geographic Magazine 66: 2 (August 1934): 200-217.

Calza, Guido. “The Via dell’Impero and the Imperial Fora” Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects (March 1934): 489-508.

Dizionario Mussoliniano: 1500 Affermazioni e Definizioni del Duce. Milan: Milanostampa—Farigliano, 1992.

Finer, Herman. Mussolini’s Italy. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1965. Originally published 1935.

Gargano, Francesco. Italiani e stranieri alla Mostra della Rivoluzione Fascista. Rome: SAIE,1935.

Hullinger, Edwin Ware. The New Fascist State: A Study of Italy under Mussolini. New York: Rae D. Henkle, 1928.

La Bella. Piccolo Albo di Cultura Fascista. Milan: Castano Primo, 1934.

Ludwig, Emil. Talks with Mussolini. Boston: Little Brown, 1933.

Missiroli, Mario. What Italy Owes to Mussolini. Translated by Edward Hamilton. London: John Heritage The Unicorn Press, 1938.

Muñoz, Antonio. Via dei Monti e Via del Mare. 2nd edition. Rome: Governatorato di Roma, 1932.

———. Via dei Trionfi. Rome: Governatorato di Roma, 1933.

———. Via del Circo Massimo. 2nd edition. Rome: Governatorato di Roma, 1934.

———. Roma di Mussolini. Milan: Fratelli Treves, 1935.

———. Parco di Traino. Rome: Biblioteca d’Arte, 1936.

Mussolini, Benito. Opera Omnia di Benito Mussolini. 36 vols. Eds. Edoardo and Dulio Susmel. Florence: La Fenice, 1951-63.

Nevils, W. Coleman. “Augustus—Emperor and Architect.” National Geographic Magazine 74: 4 (October 1938): 534-555.

Patric, John. “Imperial Rome Reborn.” National Geographic Magazine 71:3 (March 1937): 269-325.

Prezzolini, Giuseppe. Italy. Florence: Valacchi Publisher, 1939.

Roberts, Mrs. Kenneth. “Sojourning in Italy of Today.” National Geographic Magazine 70:3 (September 1936): 351-396.

Schneider, Herbert W. The Fascist Government of Italy. The Governments of Modern Europe. New York: Van Nostrand, 1936.

Schüller, Sepp. Das Rom Mussolinis, Rom als Moderne Haupstadt. Dusseldorf: Mosella-Verlag, 1943.

SECONDARY SOURCES

BOOKS AND ARTICLES

Ades, Dawn, Tim Benton, David Elliott, and Iain Boyd Whyte, eds., Art and Power: Europe under the Dictators 1930-1945. London: Hayward Gallery, 1995.

Agarossi, Elena. A Nation Collapses: The Italian Surrender of September 1943. Translated by Harvey Ferguson II. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Agnew, John. Rome. World Cities Series, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1995.

Aicher, Peter. “Mussolini’s Forum and the Myth of Augustan Rome,” The Classical Bulletin 76:2 (2000): 117-139.

Allason, Barbara. Memorie di un antifascista. Milan: 1961. Originally published 1947.

Antliff, Mark. “Fascism, Modernism, and Modernity,” The Art Bulletin 84:1 (March 2002): 148-69.

Ben-Ghiat, Ruth. Fascist Modernities: Italy, 1922-1945. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.

Berezin, Mabel. Making the Fascist Self: The Political Culture of Interwar Italy. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997.

Bondanella, Peter. The Eternal City: Roman Images in the Modern World. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.

Bosworth, R. J. B. “Tourist Planning in Fascist Italy and the Limits of a Totalitarian Culture.” Contemporary European History 6:1 (1997): 1-25.

———. The Italian Dictatorship: Problems in the Interpretation of Mussolini and Fascism. London: Arnold, 1998.

———. Mussolini. London: Arnold, 2002.

Braun, Emily. Mario Sironi: Art and Politics under Fascism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Cannistraro, Philip V. La Fabbrica del Consenso, Fascismo e Mass Media. Rome-Bari: Laterza, 1975.

———. ed., Historical Dictionary of Fascist Italy. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1982.

———. “Mussolini’s Cultural Revolution, Fascist or Nationalist?” Journal of Contemporary History 7 (1972): 127-154.

Cannistraro, Philip V., and Brian R. Sullivan. Il Duce’s Other Woman. New York: William Morrow, 1993.

Caporilli, Memmo and Franco Semeoni. Il Foro Italico e lo Stadio Olimpico, Immagini della Storia. Rome: Tomo, 1991.

Cardelli, Luisa, ed. Gli Anni del Governatorato (1926-1944). Rome: Kappa, 1995.

Cederna, Antonio. Mussolini Urbanista: Lo sventramento di Roma negli anni del consenso. 5th ed. Rome-Bari: Laterza, 1981.

Ciucci, Giorgio. “Italian Architects during the Fascist Period.” Harvard Architecture Review 6 (1987): 76-87.

———. Gli Architetti e il Fascismo: Architettura e città 1922-1944. Turin: Einaudi, 1989.

Comitato dei Monumenti Moderni. Il Foro Italico. Rome: Clear, 1990.

Corner, Paul. “Italy 1915-1945: Politics and Society.” In George Holmes, ed., The Oxford History of Italy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997: 264-290.

De Felice, Renzo. Mussolini il duce, Gli anni del consenso 1929-1936. Milan: Einaudi, 1974.

Comune di Milano. Annitrenta: arte e cultura in Italia. Milan: Mazzotta, 1982.

De Grand, Alexander. “Cracks in the Façade: The Failure of Fascist Totalitarianism in Italy 1935-9.” European History Quarterly 21:4 (October 1991): 515-35.

———. Italian Fascism. 3rd edition. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2000.

De Grazia, Victoria. The Culture of Consent: Mass Organization of Leisure in Fascist Italy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

———. How Fascism Ruled Women: Italy, 1922-1945. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.

De Guttry, Irene. Guida di Roma Moderna dal 1870 ad Oggi. Rome: De Luca, 2001.

De Rosa, Luigi, ed., Roma del Duemila. Storia di Roma dall’antichità ad oggi. Rome-Bari: Laterza, 2000.

Del Boco, Angelo. “The Myths, Suppressions, Denials, and Defaults of Italian Colonialism.” In Patrizia Palumbo, ed. A Place in the Sun, Africa in Italian Colonial Culture from Post-Unification to the Present. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003: 17-36.

Doordan, Denis P. “The Political Content in Italian Architecture during the Fascist Era,” The Art Journal (1983): 121-131.

———. Building Modern Italy: Italian Architecture 1914-1936. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1988.

Duca, Mirella, and Filippo Murgia. “Libera: il Palazzo delle Poste the post office built, Roma.” L’architecttura cronache e storie, The Architecture events & history. 47 no. 549 (July 2001): 414-421.

Fascismo e antifascimo: Lezioni e testimoniznze. 2 vols. Milan: Feltrinelli, 1971.

Eden, Anthony. The Memoirs of Anthony Eden, Earl of Avon. Boston, 1962.

Etlin, Richard. Modernism in Italian Architecture, 1890-1940. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1991.

Falasca-Zamponi, Simonetta. Fascist Spectacle: The Aesthetics of Power in Mussolini’s Italy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Fioravanti, Gigliola. ed., Mostra della Rivoluzione Fascista, Inventario. Rome: Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, 1990.

Fogu, Claudio. “Fascism and Historic Representation: The 1932 Garibaldian Celebrations.” Journal of Contemporary History 31:2 (April 1996): 317-346.

———. The Historic Imaginary: Politics of History in Fascist Italy. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003.

Foss, Clive. “Teaching Fascism: Schoolbooks in Mussolini’s Italy.” Harvard Library Bulletin 8:1 (Spring 1997): 5-30.

Fried, Robert C. Planning the Eternal City: Roman Politics and Planning Since World War II. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1973.

Funigiello, Joanne, and Philip J. Funigiello. “EUR, 1936-1942: Town Planning, Architecture and Fascist Ideology.” Canadian Journal of Italian Studies 4 (1980-81): 83-103.

Galeazzi, Claudio. Sabaudia. Latina: Novecento, 1998.

Galeazzi Claudio, and Giogio Muratore. Littoria/Latina, La Storia, Le Architetture. Latina: Novecento, 1999.

Garofalo, Francesco, and Luca Veresani. Adalberto Libera. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1992.

Gazzini, Tiziana. “Invisible Architecture.” Follow Me 3:19 (May 1991): 46-52.

Gentile, Emilio. “Fascism as a Political Religion.” Journal of Contemporary History, 25 (1990): 229-251.

———. “The Conquest of Modernity: From Modernist Nationalism to Fascism,” Modernism /Modernity 1 (September 1994): 54-57.

———. The Sacralization of Politics in Fascist Italy. Translated by Keith Botsford. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996.

Ghirardo, Diane. “Italian Architects and Fascist Politics: An Evaluation of the Rationalists Role in Regime Building.” Journal of the American Society of Architectural Historians 39:2 (May 1980): 109-127.

———. Building New Communities: New Deal America and Fascist Italy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989.

———. “From Reality to Myth: Italian Fascist Architecture in Rome.” Modulus 21, The Architectural Review at the University of Virginia (1991): 10-33.

———. “Architects, Exhibitions, and the Politics of Culture in Fascist Italy,” JAE, Journal of Architectural Education (February 1992): 67-75.

———. “Città Fascista: Surveillance and Spectacle.” Journal of Contemporary History 31 (1996):347-372.

Gillette, Aaron. Racial Theories in Fascist Italy. Routledge: London and New York, 2002.

Hannan, Philip M. Rome: Living Under the Axis. McKees Rocks, Penn.: St. Andrew’s Productions, 2003.

Helstosky, Carol. Garlic & Oil: Food and Politics in Italy. Oxford and New York: Berg, 2004.

Hirschorn, Clive. The Hollywood Musical. New York: Crown, 1981.

Insolera, Italo. Roma Moderna: Una secolo di storia urbanistica. Turin: Einaudi, 1962.

———. Roma fascista nelle fotografie dell’Istituto Luce. Rome: Riuniti, 2001.

Ispsen, Carl. Dictating Demography: The Problem of Population in Fascist Italy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Irace, F. “L’Utopie Nouvelle: L’Architecttura delle Colonie Estive/Building for a New Era: Health Services in the ‘30s,” Domus 659 (March 1985): 2-11.

Kahn, Robert, ed., City Secrets-Rome. New York: The Little Bookstore, 1999.

Katz, Robert. Death in Rome. New York: Macmillan, 1967.

———. Black Sabbath: A Journey through a Crime. (New York: Macmillan, 1969.

———. The Battle for Rome: The Germans, the Allies, the Partisans, and the Pope. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003.

Knox, MacGregor. Mussolini Unleashed, 1939-1941: Politics and Strategy in Fascist Italy’s Last War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

———. “Conquest, Foreign and Domestic, in Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany.” Journal of Modern History 56 (March 1984): 1-57.

———. Hitler’s Italian Allies: Royal Armed Forces, Fascist Regime, and the War of 1940-1943. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Koon, Tracy H. Believe, Obey, Fight: Political Socialization of Youth in Fascist Italy, 1922-1943. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.

Kostof, Spiro. The Third Rome, 1870-1950: Traffic and Glory. Berkeley: University Art Museum, 1973.

Lambase, Sergio. Storia Fotografica di Roma 1930-1939: L’Urbe tra autarchia e fasti imperiali. Naples: Intra Moenia, 2003.

La Penna, Antonio. “Il culto della romanità: La rivista ‘Roma’ e Istituto di studi romani.” Italia Contemporanea 217 (December 1999): 605-630.

Luzzato, Sergio. L’Immagine del duce: Mussolini nelle fotografie dell’Istituto Luce. Rome: Riuniti, 2001.

Lyttelton, Adrian, ed. Liberal and Fascist Italy, 1900-1945. The Short Oxford History of Italy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

MacDonald, William L. “Excavation, Restoration, and Italian Architecture of the 1930s.” In Helen Searing, ed., In Search of Modern Architecture. New York: Architectural History Foundation, 1982: 298-319.

Mack Smith, Denis. Mussolini’s Roman Empire. New York: Viking Press, 1976.

———. Mussolini. NewYork: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982.

Masson, Georgina. The Companion Guide to Rome. Companion Guides. Revised by Tim Jepson. Suffolk, UK, and Rochester, NY: Boydell & Brewer, 2000.

Millon Henry A., and Linda Nochlin, eds. Art and Architecture in the Service of Politics. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1978.

Minor, Heather Hyde. “Mapping Mussolini: Ritual and Cartography in Public Art during the Second Roman Empire,” Imago Mundi: The International Journal for the History of Cartography 51 (1999): 147-161.

Murelli, Duca, and Filippo Murgia. “Libera: il Palazzo delle Poste the post office built, Roma.” L’architettura cronache e storie, the Architecture events & history. 47 (2001): 414-421.

Painter, Borden W. “Mussolini and Italian Fascism.” Cesare Barbieri Courier. Hartford: Trinity College, 1980.

———. “Renzo De Felice and the Historiography of Italian Fascism.” American Historical Review 95:2 (April 1990): 391-405.

———. “American Films in Fascist Propaganda: The Case of the Exhibition of the Fascist Revolution, 1942-43.” Film & History 22:3 (September 1992): 100-111.

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Schumacher, Thomas L. Surface and Symbol: Giuseppe Terragni and the Architecture of Italian Rationalism. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1991.

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———. The Patron State: Culture & Politics in Fascist Italy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.

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Zuccotti, Susan. Under His Very Windows: The Vatican and the Holocaust in Italy. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.

Mussolini’s campaign in the late 1930s to purge the Italian language of foreign words included changing the name of the Touring Club Italiano to the Consociazione Turistica Italiana. After the war it went back to the original Touring Club Italiano.

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