Chronology of Events

1783

Montgolfier brothers’ balloon makes first ascent

1868

Hugo Eckener is born

1884

Auguste and Jean Piccard are born

1893

First Chicago World’s Fair (Columbian Exposition)

1895

Jeannette Ridlon is born

1896

Italo Balbo is born

1900

First test flight of a zeppelin

1901

Alberto Santos-Dumont circles spire of Eiffel Tower in powered dirigible

1903

Wright brothers’ first successful flight in heavier-than-air craft at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina

1914–1918

World War I

1919

Versailles Treaty

1922

March on Rome

1927

Charles Lindbergh flies solo across the Atlantic

1929

Graf Zeppelin’s around-the-world flight

1931

Italo Balbo’s trans-Atlantic seaplane squadron cruise to Brazil

May 1931

Auguste Piccard reaches stratosphere

1932

Franklin D. Roosevelt elected president of the United States

1933

Adolf Hitler named Chancellor of Germany

May 1933–October 1934

Second Chicago World’s Fair (A Century of Progress)

July 1933

Italo Balbo’s trans-Atlantic seaplane squadron cruise to Chicago

October 1933

Hugo Eckener brings Graf Zeppelin to Chicago World’s Fair

November 1933

Tex Settle and Chester Fordney set new altitude record in gondola and balloon designed by the Piccards

October 1934

Jeannette and Jean Piccard reach stratosphere

1935

Italy invades Ethiopia

1936

Hitler reoccupies the Rhineland

1937

Hindenburg explodes over Lakehurst, New Jersey

1939–1945

World War II

1940

Italo Balbo shot down and killed

1954

Hugo Eckener dies

1962

Auguste Piccard dies

1963

Jean Piccard dies

1963

Valentina Tereshkova successfully launched into orbit by a Soviet R-7 rocket

1969

Apollo XI moonshot

1981

Jeannette Piccard dies

1982

EPCOT theme park opens in Orlando, Florida

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