Intelligence in War: Knowledge of the Enemy from Napoleon to Al-Qaeda
In fiction, the spy is a glamorous figure whose secrets make or break peace, but, historically, has intelligence really been a vital step to military victories? In this breakthrough study, the preeminent war historian John Keegan goes to the heart of a series of important conflicts to develop a powerful argument about military intelligence.
In his characteristically wry and perceptive prose, Keegan offers us nothing short of a new history of war through the prism of intelligence. He brings to life the split-second decisions that went into waging war before the benefit of aerial surveillance and electronic communications. The English admiral Horatio Nelson was hot on the heels of Napoleon’s fleet in the Mediterranean and never knew it, while Stonewall Jackson was able to compensate for the Confederacy’s disadvantage in firearms and manpower with detailed maps of the Appalachians. In the past century, espionage and decryption have changed the face of battle: the Japanese surprise attack at the Battle of the Midway was thwarted by an early warning. Timely information, however, is only the beginning of the surprising and disturbing aspects of decisions that are made in war, where brute force is often more critical.
Intelligence in War is a thought-provoking work that ranks among John Keegan’s finest achievements.
CHAPTER ONE - Knowledge of the Enemy
CHAPTER TWO - Chasing Napoleon
THE STRATEGIC SITUATION IN 1798
NELSON LOSES THE FRENCH FLEET
WHAT LONDON KNEW
NELSON RECOVERS THE SCENT
BACK AND FORTH
CHAPTER THREE - Local Knowledge: Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley
Local Knowledge: Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley
CHAPTER FOUR - Wireless Intelligence
THE BATTLE OF CORONEL
THE SEARCH FOR THE EMDEN
THE BATTLE OF THE FALKLANDS
CHAPTER FIVE - Crete: Foreknowledge No Help
Crete: Foreknowledge No Help
THE ENIGMA MACHINE
BREAKING ENIGMA AGAIN
THE GERMAN AIRBORNE DESCENT ON CRETE
THE BATTLE OF CRETE
CHAPTER SIX - Midway: The Complete Intelligence Victory?
Midway: The Complete Intelligence Victory?
AMERICAN PENETRATION OF JAPANESE CIPHERS
THE COURSE OF JAPANESE CONQUEST
MAGIC AND MIDWAY
THE BATTLE OF MIDWAY
CHAPTER SEVEN - Intelligence, One Factor Among Many: The Battle of the Atlantic
Intelligence, One Factor Among Many: The Battle of the Atlantic
BLETCHLEY AND THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC
ENLARGEMENT OF THE MERCHANT FLEET
THE INTELLIGENCE BALANCE
CHAPTER EIGHT - Human Intelligence and Secret Weapons
Human Intelligence and Secret Weapons
GERMAN SECRET WEAPONS
THE REVENGE WEAPONS
THE ARGUMENT OVER THE V-WEAPONS
THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE FLYING BOMB
THE V-2 SUCCEEDS THE V-1
EPILOGUE: Military Intelligence Since 1945
CONCLUSION: The Value of Military Intelligence
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