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India Since Independence

India Since Independence

The story of the forging of India, the world's largest democracy, is a rich and inspiring one. This volume, a sequel to the best-selling India's Struggle for Independence, analyses the challenges India has faced and the successes it has achieved, in the light of its colonial legacy and century-long struggle for freedom. The book describes how the Constitution was framed, as also how the Nehruvian political and economic agenda and basics of foreign policy were evolved and developed. It dwells on the consolidation of the nation, examining contentious issues like party politics in the Centre and the states, the Punjab problem, and anti-caste politics and untouchability. This revised edition offers a scathing analysis of the growth of communalism in India and the use of state power in furthering its cause. It also documents the fall of the National Democratic Alliance in the 2004 General Elections, the United Progressive Alliance's subsequent rise to power and the Indo-US Nuclear Deal that served to unravel the political consensus at the centre.

Apart from detailed analyses of Indian economic reforms since 1991 and wide-ranging land reforms and the Green Revolution, this new edition includes an overview of the Indian economy in the new millennium.

These, along with objective assessments of Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Jayaprakash Narayan, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Rajiv Gandhi, Vishwanath Pratap Singh, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Manmohan Singh, constitute a remarkable overview of a nation on the move.

Preface to the Revised Edition


Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 2. The Colonial Legacy

Chapter 3. The National Movement and its Legacy

Chapter 4. The Evolution of the Constitution and Main Provisions

Chapter 5. The Architecture of the Constitution: Basic Features and Institutions

Chapter 6. The Initial Years

Chapter 7. Consolidation of India as a Nation (I)

Chapter 8. Consolidation of India as a Nation(II): The Linguistic Reorganization of the States

Chapter 9. Consolidation of India as a Nation(III): Integration of the Tribals

Chapter 10. Consolidation of India as a Nation(IV): Regionalism and Regional Inequality

Chapter 11. The Years of Hope and Achievement, 1951–1964

Chapter 12. Foreign Policy: The Nehru Era

Chapter 13. Jawaharlal Nehru in Historical Perspective

Chapter 14. Political Parties, 1947–1964: The Congress

Chapter 15. Political Parties, 1947–1965: The Opposition

Chapter 16. From Shastri to Indira Gandhi, 1964–1969

Chapter 17. The Indira Gandhi Years, 1969–1973

Chapter 18. The JP Movement and the Emergency: Indian Democracy Tested

Chapter 19. The Janata Interregnum and Indira Gandhi’s Second Coming, 1977–1984

Chapter 20. The Rajiv Years

Chapter 21. Run-up to the New Millennium and After

Chapter 22. Politics in the States (I): Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Assam

Chapter 23. Politics in the States (II): West Bengal and Jammu and Kashmir

Chapter 24. The Punjab Crisis

Chapter 25. Indian Economy, 1947–1965: The Nehruvian Legacy

Chapter 26. Indian Economy, 1965–1991

Chapter 27. Economic Reforms Since 1991

Chapter 28. The Indian Economy in the New Millennium

Chapter 29. Land Reforms (I): Colonial Impact and the Legacy of the National and Peasant Movements

Chapter 30. Land Reforms(II): Zamindari Abolition and Tenancy Reforms

Chapter 31. Land Reforms (III): Ceiling and the Bhoodan Movement

Chapter 32. Cooperatives and an Overview of Land Reforms

Chapter 33. Agricultural Growth and the Green Revolution

Chapter 34. Agrarian Struggles Since Independence

Chapter 35. Revival and Growth of Communalism

Chapter 36. Communalism and the Use of State Power

Chapter 37. Caste, Untouchability, Anti-caste Politics and Strategies

Chapter 38. Indian Women Since Independence

Chapter 39. The Post-colonial Indian State and the Political Economy of Development: An Overview

Chapter 40. Disarray in Institutions of Governance

Chapter 41. The Dawn of the New Millennium: Achievements, Problems and Prospects


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