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American Myths, Legends, and Tall Tales: An Encyclopedia of American Folklore

American Myths, Legends, and Tall Tales: An Encyclopedia of American Folklore (America: a cultural history)

Cats and Conservationists is the first multidisciplinary analysis of the heated debate about free-roaming cats. The debate pits conservationists against cat lovers, who disagree both on the ecological damage caused by the cats and the best way to manage them. An impassioned and spirited conflict, it also sheds light on larger questions about how we interpret science, incorporate diverse perspectives, and balance competing values in order to encourage constructive dialogue on contentious social and environmental issues.

On one side of the cat debate stand many environmentalists, especially birders and conservation organizations, who believe that outdoor cats seriously threaten native wildlife. On the other side are many animal welfare advocates, who believe that outdoor cats generally do not pose a major ecological threat and that it is possible for cats and wildlife to coexist. They believe that it is possible, mainly through trap-neuter-return projects (TNR), to keep free-roaming cat populations in check without killing large numbers of cats.

Careful analysis suggests that there remain important questions about the science on both cat predation and TNR effectiveness. Yet both sides of the conflict insist that the evidence is clear-cut. This false certainty contributes to conflict between conservationists and cat lovers, and obscures common goals that could generate constructive discussions and collaborative efforts among scientists, policymakers, conservationists, and animal welfare advocates. Cats and Conservationists aims to facilitate such collaboration in order to manage outdoor cats and minimize the damage they cause. It also offers models for constructive debates about the public role of science in other polarized public conflicts over science and environmental topics.

Introduction

Chronology

A

Academe, Legends of

Afghan American Folklore and Folktales

AIDS Harry and AIDS Mary

AIDS-Origins Traditions

Alamo

Algon and the Sky Girl

Alien Abduction Stories and UFOs

Allen, Ethan (1738–1789)

Alligators in the Sewers

America as the New Israel

American Cinderella Tales

American Folklore Society (AFS)

Amityville Hauntings

Anansi/Anancy

Animal Bride

Animal Tales

Annie Christmas

Apotamkin

Appleseed, Johnny (1774–1845)

Area 51

Arrow Boy

Ashpet

Atlantis

Attucks, Crispus (1723–1770)

Aunty Greenleaf and the White Deer

Axehandle Hound

Azeban

B

Babe the Blue Ox

Babes in the Woods

Baby Train

Badger and the Bear

Badman

Ballad

Ball-Tailed Cat

Banana, Coconut, and Twinkie

Barbara Allen

Barker, Ma (1873–1935)

Barton, Clara (1821–1912)

Bass, Sam (1851–1878)

Batman

Baykok

Beal, Barnabas Coffin “Tall Barney” (1835–1899)

Bear Man of the Cherokee

Beauty and the Beast Folklore

Bell Witch

Bellamy, Samuel “Black Sam” (1689–1717)

Bermuda Triangle

Betsey and the Mole Skin

Bettelheim, Bruno (1903–1990)

Big Bear of Arkansas

Big Water Snake of the Blackfoot

Bigfoot or Sasquatch

Bilderbergers

Birth of Good and Evil, an Iroquois Myth

Black Aggie

Black Dog

Black Elk (1863–1950)

Blessing Way

Bloody Mary or I Believe in Mary Worth

Blue Hen’s Chicks

Blue Nun

Blue Rocks Folklore

Blues as Folklore

Boarhog for a Husband

Bok Kai Temple, Folktale, and Parade

Bokwewa

Boles, Charles E. “Black Bart” (1829–1888)

Bonney, William “Billy the Kid” (1859–1881)

Bonnie and Clyde

Boo Hag

Boogie Man

Boone, Daniel (1734–1820)

Borden, Lizzie (1860–1927)

Bowleg Bill

Braucher Stories (Pennsylvania Dutch)

Brer Rabbit

Bridger, Jim (1804–1881)

Brothers Who Followed the Sun, an Iroquois Legend

Brown, John (1800–1859)

Brown, Margaret Molly Tobin (1867–1932)

Bunch of Laurel Blooms for a Present

Buried Alive

C

Cactus Cat

A Calabash of Poi

Calamity Jane (1852–1903)

Callin’ the Dog

Campbell, Joseph (1904–1987)

Cancer Myths

Cante Fables

Capone, Alphonse “Scarface” (1899–1947)

Captain Alfred Bulltop Stormalong

Cardiff Giant

Carson, Kit (1809–1868)

Cash-Landrum UFO Encounter (1980)

Casos, Historias, and Tallas

Cetan

Chamorro Sirena, a Guamanian American Tale

Champ

Chanoyu

Chariots of the Gods

Charlie Chan and Fu Manchu

Cheonyeo Gwisin, a Korean American Legend

Cherokee Rose

Chessie

Chief Joseph (1840–1904)

Chinatown Ghost Stories

Chinese American Mythological and Legendary Deities

Chipmunk and Bear, an Iroquois Legend

Christmas Gift

Christmas Tree

Chupacabra

Cibola or Cities of Gold

The Circle of Life and the Clambake

Cody, William F. “Buffalo Bill” (1846–1917)

Columbus, Christopher (1451–1506)

Connecticut Yankee

Conspiracy Theories

Corn Hero

Corn Mother

Cortez, Gregorio (1875–1916)

Country Music as Folklore

Coyote Tales

Crazy Horse (ca. 1840–1877)

Creation Myth of the Tewa

Creation Stories of the Native Americans

Crichton Leprechaun

Crockett, Davy (1786–1836)

Culture Heroes of the Native Americans

Cursing of Colonel Buck

Custer, George Armstrong (1839–1876)

D

Daddy Jack Stories

Dance in a Buffalo Skull

Dancing with the Devil

DC Comics

Death Coach

Death Waltz

Deer Woman

DeGrow, Moll (fl. early nineteenth century)

Demon Cat

Demonic Possession

Devil on Washington Rock

Devil’s Horn

Dillinger, John (1903–1934)

Donner Party (1846–1847)

Drought Buster

Dungarvon Whooper

Dwayyo

E

Earhart, Amelia (1897–1937)

Easter Bunny

Easter Eggs

Edison, Thomas (1847–1931)

El Muerto

Ellis Island (New York)

Elvis (1935–1977)

European Sources

Evil Eye

Exorcism

Express Train to Hell

F

Fa Mu Lan, or Mulan

Fairylore

Fakelore

Farmer’s Daughter

Fearsome Critters

Febold Feboldson

Filipino American Folklore and Folktales

Fink, Mike (ca. 1770–1823)

Fish(ing) Tales

Fisher, Miles Mark (1899–1970)

Floyd, Charles “Pretty Boy” (1904–1934)

Flying Africans

Folk Medicine

Folklore and Folktales

Forrest, Nathan Bedford (1821–1877)

Fortune Cookie, Origins of

Founding Myths

Fountain of Youth

Frankie and Albert/Johnny

Frog King

Fur-bearing Trout

G

Gaasyendietha, or Seneca Dragon

Game Songs and Rhymes

Gaspar, José (1757–1821)

Geronimo (1829–1909)

Gitchi Odjig, a Chippewa Hero

Glooskap, an Abenaki Hero

Goatman (Maryland Monster)

Gonzales, Ambrose E. (1857–1926)

Good Luck Charms

Gore Orphanage Legend

Great Gourd from Heaven, a Laotian American Myth

Great Hare

Great Spirit

Gremlins

Groundhog Day

Guandi

Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (Tombstone, Arizona) (1881)

Gurbani Kirtan

H

Hairy Woman

Halloween Legends

Hardy Hardhead

Harris, George Washington (1814–1869)

Haunted Houses

Hazard, Thomas Robinson (1797–1886)

Headless Horseman

Henry, Patrick (1736–1799)

Herskovits, Melville Jean (1895–1963)

Hickok, James Butler “Wild Bill” (1837–1876)

Hidebehind

Hoe Handle, Snake, and Barn

The Hook

Hoop Snake

Hopkinsville Goblins

Horned Serpent

Hornigold, Benjamin (1680–1719)

How the Bat and Flying Squirrel Got Their Wings

Huck Finn

Hudson, Henry (ca. 1565–1611)

Hudson River Monster

Hughes, Langston (1902–1967)

Hurston, Zora Neale (1891–1960)

I

Ibo Landing

Igopogo

Iktomi

Internet Hoaxes

Irving, Washington (1783–1859)

J

Jack Tales

Jackalope

Jackson, Thomas J. “Stonewall” (1824–1863)

James, Jesse (1847–1882)

Jataka Tales

Jersey Devil

Jinn

Joe Magarac

John Henry

John the Conqueror (High John the Conqueror)

Joint Snake

Jones, Casey (1863–1900)

Jones, John Paul (1747–1792)

Jumbo Riley

Jumping the Broom

Juneteenth

K

Kachinas

Kate Shelley Saves the Train

Kaundinya and Soma

Kelly, Joseph “Bunko” (dates unknown)

Kennedy, John F., Assassination of (1963)

Key, Francis Scott (1779–1843)

Kidd, Captain William (1645–1701)

The Kidney Heist

Killer in the Backseat

Killer-of-Enemies

Kilroy

The Kind Hawk

Kirby, Jack (1917–1994)

Kushtaka

L

La Lechuza

La Llorona or Weeping Woman

La Mala Hora

La Malinche

Lafitte, Jean (1776–1823)

LaLaurie House

Lee, Stan (1922–2018)

Legend of the Pineapple

Legend Tripping

Legends

Lennon, John, Shooting of (1980)

Leonard Crow Dog (1942–2021)

Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–1806)

The Licked Hand

Lincoln Funeral Train (1865)

Lincoln, Abraham, as Folk Hero

Lincoln, Abraham, Assassination of (1865)

Lithobolia, or Stone-Throwing Devil

Lomax, Alan (1915–2002)

Lost Tribes of Israel

Lover’s Leaps

Lozen (ca. 1840–ca. 1887)

Lullaby

Lumberjack Tales

M

Malakas at Maganda, a Filipino American Creation Myth

Malin Kundang

Manstin the Rabbit

Marvel Comics

Mary’s Flowers

McCartney, Paul, Alleged Death of

McPike Mansion

Melon Heads

Mickey Mouse

Microwaved Pet

Milky Way, a Cherokee Legend

Minstrel Shows

Miss Liberty

Mogollon Monster

Momaday, Navarre (N.) Scott (1934–)

Momo the Missouri Monster

Monkey King, or Sun Wukong

Monroe, Marilyn, Death of (1962)

Monsters in Native American Legends

Montauk Project

Morgan, Gib (1842–1909)

Mormon Mythology

Mose the Fireman

Mothman

Mountain Men

Murrieta, Joaquín (ca. 1829–1853)

Myrtles Plantation

Myths

N

Nain Rouge

Name Lore and Magic

Napi

Nazar

New World Order

Niagara Falls’ Maid of the Mist, an Iroquois Legend

Nin-am-bea

No Tigers in Borneo, an Indonesian American Legend

Nostradamus (1503–1566), Predictions of

Nuclear Lore

Nursery Rhymes

O

Oakley, Annie (1860–1926)

Ocean-Born Mary

Ogopogo

Old Betty Booker

Old Granny Tucker

Oneida Maiden Hero

Orphan Boy the Farmer, a Hmong American Folktale

Ouija

Our Lady of Guadalupe

Out of Body Experiences

Outlaw Heroes

P

Paddy Murphy

Pamola

Parker, Robert Leroy “Butch Cassidy” (1866–1908)

Pata de Gallo

Patch, Sam (ca. 1799–1829)

Paul Bunyan

Pecos Bill

Pedro de Urdemalas

Pedro Mountains Mummy

Pele Legends

Phantom Clowns

Philadelphia Experiment

Piasa

Pima Elder Brother

Pine Barrens Tales

Playing the Dozens

Pocahontas and John Smith

Pope Lick Monster

Pourquoi Tales

Prince Madoc’s Journey

Pukwudgie

Q

Qiqirn

Quillan, Boney (d. 1918)

Quilts

R

Racism in Urban Legends

Rackham, John “Calico Jack” (1682–1720)

Rain Bird

Rainbow Crow

The Relative’s Cadaver

Ride of Paul Revere (1775)

Rip Van Winkle

Roanoke

Ross, Betsy (1752–1836)

Roswell (New Mexico) UFO Landings

Rougarou

The Runaway Grandmother

S

Sacagawea (ca. 1787–ca. 1812)

Saints’ Legends

Salem Witch Trials (1692)

Sally Ann Thunder Ann Whirlwind

Sam Slick

Santa Claus

Saving Time

Scary Stories

Sea Shanties

Second Death

September 11 (2001) Conspiracy Theories

Shamans

Sharlie/Slimy Slim

Shooting of the Red Eagle

Shunka Warak’in

Sidehill Gouger

Silver, Frankie (ca. 1814–1833)

Skeleton Man

Skinwalker

Skunk Ape of the Everglades

Slasher under the Car

Slender Man

Small World Legend

Snallygaster

Sody Sallyraytus

South Asian American Folklore and Folktales

Spider Man

Spider Woman

Spirituals

Squonk

Stagolee

Stanley Hotel

Star Boy, a Blackfoot Legend

Star Husband Tale

Star Maiden

Stone Soup

The Stork

Storytelling

Superman

Supernaturalism in Legends and Folklore

Superstitions

T

Tailypo

Tall Tales

Tamil American Folklore and Proverbs

Taotaomona and Suruhanu

Tar-Baby

Teakettler

Teddy Bear

Telltale Seaweed

Thanksgiving

Thatch, Edward “Blackbeard” (1675–1718)

Three Little Pigs and the Fox

Thunderbird

Tibetan American Folklore and Folktales

Tiger Tales of the Hmong Americans

Tizheruk

Tlahuelpuchi

Toad and the Boy

Toasts

Tommyknocker

Tony Beaver

Tooth Fairy

Traditional Medicine and Healing in Laotian American Culture

Transcendentalist Deity

The Tree-Bound

Trickster Rabbit

Tricksters, Native American

Truth, Sojourner (ca. 1797–1883)

Tubman, Harriet (ca. 1825–1913)

Turner, Nat (1800–1831)

Twain, Mark (1835–1910)

Two Ladies Trung, a Vietnamese American Legend

Two-Headed Snake

Two-Toed Tom

U

Uncle Remus

Uncle Sam

Underwater Panthers

Urban Legends/Urban Belief Tales

V

Vaginal Serpent Theme

Vampires

Vane, Charles (ca. 1680–1721)

Vanishing Hitchhiker

Vanishing Lady

Villa, Pancho (1878–1923)

Vision Quest

Voodoo

W

Wallace, William Alexander Anderson “Bigfoot” (1817–1899)

Wampus Cat

Ward, Artemus (1834–1867)

Warlike Seven

Washington, George (1732–1799)

Water Buffalo, a Guamanian American Legend

Water Jar Boy, a Tewa Legend

Weather Prediction Myths

Wedding Traditions and Taboos

Weems, Parson (1759–1825)

Welded Contact Lenses

Wendigo

Wenebojo

Werewolf

Whaley House

White Buffalo Woman

White Deer

White Lady of Durand Lake

Whitey

Wild Man of the Navidad

Winchester Mystery House

Windwagon Smith

Wise Men of Chelm Stories

Witch Doctors

Woman Who Fell from the Sky

Women in Folklore

Woodcutter and the Fairy, a Korean American Folktale

Woods, Joe (Wojtowicz)

Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald (1975)

Written or Printed Traditions

X

Xeroxlore

X-Files

Y

Yankee Doodle

Yankee Peddler

Yarns, Yarn-spinning

Yehasuri

Yokai

Z

The Zodiac

Zombie Legends

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